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ScienceSingapore-Cambridge General Certificate of EducationOrdinary Level (2021)(Syllabus 5076 Science: Physics, Chemistry)(Syllabus 5077 Science: Physics, Biology)(Syllabus 5078 Science: Chemistry, Biology)CONTENTSAIMSASSESSMENT OBJECTIVESSCHEME OF ASSESSMENTPHYSICS SECTIONINTRODUCTIONCONTENT STRUCTURESUBJECT CONTENTSUMMARY OF KEY QUANTITIES, SYMBOLS AND UNITSCHEMISTRY SECTIONINTRODUCTIONCONTENT STRUCTURESUBJECT CONTENTSUMMARY OF KEY QUANTITIES, SYMBOLS AND UNITSNOTES FOR QUALITATIVE ANALYSISCOLOURS OF SOME COMMON METAL HYDROXIDESTHE PERIODIC TABLE OF ELEMENTSBIOLOGY SECTIONINTRODUCTIONCONTENT STRUCTURESUBJECT CONTENTSUMMARY OF KEY QUANTITIES, SYMBOLS AND UNITSPRACTICAL ASSESSMENTGLOSSARY OF TERMS USED IN SCIENCE PAPERSSPECIAL NOTESingapore Examinations and Assessment Board MOE & UCLES 20191Page23466672122222223353637383939394050515455

5076, 5077 and 5078 SCIENCE GCE ORDINARY LEVEL SYLLABUS (2021)AIMSThese are not listed in order of priority.The aims are to:1.provide, through well-designed studies of experimental and practical science, a worthwhile educationalexperience for all students, whether or not they go on to study science beyond this level and, inparticular, to enable them to acquire sufficient understanding and knowledge to1.1 become confident citizens in a technological world, able to take or develop an informed interest inmatters of scientific importance1.2 recognise the usefulness, and limitations, of scientific method and to appreciate its applicability inother disciplines and in everyday life1.3 be suitably prepared for studies beyond Ordinary Level in related pure sciences, in appliedsciences or in science-related courses.2.develop abilities and skills that2.1 are relevant to the study and practice of science2.2 are useful in everyday life2.3 encourage efficient and safe practice2.4 encourage effective communication.3.develop attitudes relevant to science such as3.1 accuracy and precision3.2 objectivity3.3 integrity3.4 inquiry3.5 initiative3.6 inventiveness.4.stimulate interest in and care for the local and global environment.5.promote an awareness that5.1 the study and practice of science are co-operative and cumulative activities, and are subject tosocial, economic, technological, ethical and cultural influences and limitations5.2 the applications of science may be both beneficial and detrimental to the individual, the communityand the environment5.3 science transcends national boundaries and that the language of science, correctly and rigorouslyapplied, is universal5.4 the use of information technology is important for communications, as an aid to experiments and asa tool for interpretation of experimental and theoretical results.2

5076, 5077 and 5078 SCIENCE GCE ORDINARY LEVEL SYLLABUS (2021)ASSESSMENT OBJECTIVESAKnowledge with UnderstandingStudents should be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding in relation to:1.scientific phenomena, facts, laws, definitions, concepts, theories2.scientific vocabulary, terminology, conventions (including symbols, quantities and units contained in‘Signs, Symbols and Systematics 16–19’, Association for Science Education, 2000 and therecommendations on terms, units and symbols in ‘Biological Nomenclature 4th Edition (2009)’ publishedby the Institute of Biology, in conjunction with the Association for Science Education)3.scientific instruments and apparatus, including techniques of operation and aspects of safety4.scientific quantities and their determination5.scientific and technological applications with their social, economic and environmental implications.The subject content defines the factual knowledge that candidates may be required to recall and explain.Questions testing these objectives will often begin with one of the following words: define, state, describe,explain or outline. (See the Glossary of Terms.)BHandling Information and Solving ProblemsStudents should be able – in words or by using other written, symbolic, graphical and numerical forms ofpresentation – to:1.locate, select, organise and present information from a variety of sources2.translate information from one form to another3.manipulate numerical and other data4.use information to identify patterns, report trends and draw inferences5.present reasoned explanations for phenomena, patterns and relationships6.make predictions and hypotheses7.solve problems.These assessment objectives cannot be precisely specified in the subject content because questions testingsuch skills may be based on information, which is unfamiliar to the candidate. In answering such questionscandidates are required to use principles and concepts that are within the syllabus and apply them in alogical, deductive manner to a novel situation. Questions testing these objectives will often begin with one ofthe following words: predict, suggest, calculate, or determine. (See the Glossary of Terms.)CExperimental Skills and InvestigationsStudents should be able to:1.follow a sequence of instructions2.select and use techniques, apparatus and materials3.make and record observations, measurements and estimates4.interpret and evaluate observations and experimental results3

5076, 5077 and 5078 SCIENCE GCE ORDINARY LEVEL SYLLABUS (2021)5.plan investigations, select techniques, apparatus and materials6.evaluate methods and suggest possible improvements.Weighting of Assessment ObjectivesTheory Papers (Papers 1, 2, 3 and 4)AKnowledge with Understanding, approximately 50% of the marks with approximately 20% allocated torecall.BHandling Information and Solving Problems, approximately 50% of the marks.Practical Assessment (Paper 5)Paper 5 is designed to test appropriate skills in C, Experimental Skills and Investigations.In one or more of the questions in Paper 5, candidates will be expected to suggest a modification or anextension, which does not need to be executed. Depending on the context in which the modification /extension element is set, the number of marks associated with this element will be in the range of 10% to20% of the total marks available for the practical test.SCHEME OF ASSESSMENTCandidates are required to enter for Paper 1, Paper 5 and two of Papers 2, 3 and 4.PaperType of PaperDurationMarksWeighting1Multiple Choice1h4020.0%2Structured and Free Response (Physics)1 h 15 min6532.5%3Structured and Free Response (Chemistry)1 h 15 min6532.5%4Structured and Free Response (Biology)1 h 15 min6532.5%5Practical Test1 h 30 min3015.0%Science (Physics, Chemistry), Syllabus 5076Paper 1 will be based on the Physics and Chemistry sections of the syllabus.Paper 2 will be based on the Physics section of the syllabus.Paper 3 will be based on the Chemistry section of the syllabus.Paper 5 will be based on the Physics and Chemistry sections of the syllabus.Science (Physics, Biology), Syllabus 5077Paper 1 will be based on the Physics and Biology sections of the syllabus.Paper 2 will be based on the Physics section of the syllabus.Paper 4 will be based on the Biology section of the syllabus.Paper 5 will be based on the Physics and Biology sections of the syllabus.Science (Chemistry, Biology), Syllabus 5078Paper 1 will be based on the Chemistry and Biology sections of the syllabus.Paper 3 will be based on the Chemistry section of the syllabus.Paper 4 will be based on the Biology section of the syllabus.Paper 5 will be based on the Chemistry and Biology sections of the syllabus.4

5076, 5077 and 5078 SCIENCE GCE ORDINARY LEVEL SYLLABUS (2021)Theory papersPaper 1(1 h, 40 marks)This paper consists of 40 compulsory multiple choice questions of thedirect choice type providing approximately equal coverage of the twoappropriate sections of the syllabus.This paper will be set at the same time for all three syllabuses, 5076,5077, 5078.A copy of the Data Sheet ‘Colours of Some Common Metal Hydroxides’and ‘The Periodic Table of Elements’ will be printed as part of Paper 1for syllabus 5076 and 5078.Paper 2(1 h 15 min, 65 marks)This paper consists of two sections.Section A will carry 45 marks and will contain a number of compulsorystructured questions of variable mark value.Section B will carry 20 marks and will contain three questions, each of10 marks. Candidates are required to answer any two questions.The questions will be based on the Physics section of the syllabus.Paper 3(1 h 15 min, 65 marks)This paper consists of two sections.Section A will carry 45 marks and will contain a number of compulsorystructured questions of variable mark value.Section B will carry 20 marks and will contain three questions, each of10 marks. Candidates are required to answer any two questions.The questions will be based on the Chemistry section of the syllabus.A copy of the Data Sheet ‘Colours of Some Common Metal Hydroxides’and ‘The Periodic Table of Elements’ will be printed as part of thisPaper.Paper 4(1 h 15 min, 65 marks)This paper consists of two sections.Section A will carry 45 marks and will contain a number of compulsorystructured questions of variable mark value.Section B will carry 20 marks and will contain three questions, each of10 marks. Candidates are required to answer any two questions.The questions will be based on the Biology section of the syllabus.Practical assessmentPaper 5 (1 h 30 min, 30 marks) consisting of one or two compulsory questions on each of the two Sciences.The Physics question(s) will be identical in Papers 5076 and 5077. The Chemistry and the Biologyquestion(s) will, likewise, be common to the respective papers.This Paper will be set at the same time for all three syllabuses, 5076, 5077, and 5078.The use of reference material, other than the Chemistry Practical Notes is not permitted.In one or both questions, candidates will be expected to suggest a modification or extension, which does notneed to be executed.5

5076, 5077 and 5078 SCIENCE GCE ORDINARY LEVEL SYLLABUS (2021)Physics sectionINTRODUCTIONThe Ordinary Level Science (Physics) Syllabus provides students with a coherent understanding of energy,matter, and their interrelationships. It focuses on investigating natural phenomena and then applying patterns,models (including mathematical ones), principles, theories and laws to explain the physical behaviour of theuniverse. The theories and concepts presented in this syllabus belong to a branch of physics commonlyreferred to as classical physics. Modern physics, developed to explain the quantum properties at the atomicand sub-atomic level, is built on knowledge of these classical theories and concepts.Students should think of physics in terms of scales. Whereas the classical theories such as Newton’s lawsof motion apply to common physical systems that are larger than the size of atoms, a more comprehensivetheory, quantum theory, is needed to describe systems that are very small, at the atomic and sub-atomicscales. It is at this atomic and sub-atomic scale that physicists are currently making new discoveries andinventing new applications.It is envisaged that teaching and learning programmes based on this syllabus would feature a wide varietyof learning experiences designed to promote acquisition of scientific expertise and understanding, and todevelop values and attitudes relevant to science. Teachers are encouraged to use a combination ofappropriate strategies to effectively engage and challenge their students. It is expected that students willapply investigative and problem-solving skills, effectively communicate the theoretical concepts covered inthis course and appreciate the contribution physics makes to our understanding of the physical world.CONTENT STRUCTURESECTIONTopicsI.MEASUREMENT1.Physical Quantities, Units and MeasurementII.NEWTONIAN MECHANICS2.3.4.5.6.7.KinematicsDynamicsMass, Weight and DensityTurning Effect of ForcesPressureEnergy, Work and PowerIII.THERMAL PHYSICS8. Kinetic Model of Matter9. Transfer of Thermal Energy10. Thermal Properties of MatterIV.WAVES11.12.13.14.General Wave PropertiesLightElectromagnetic SpectrumSoundV.ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM15.16.17.18.19.Static ElectricityCurrent of ElectricityD.C. CircuitsPractical ElectricityMagnetism and Electromagnetism6

5076, 5077 and 5078 SCIENCE GCE ORDINARY LEVEL SYLLABUS (2021)SUBJECT CONTENTSECTION I:MEASUREMENTOverviewIn order to gain a better understanding of the physical world, scientists use a process of investigation thatfollows a general cycle of observation, hypothesis, deduction, test and revision, sometimes referred to as thescientific method. Galileo Galilei, one of the earliest architects of this method, believed that the study ofscience had a strong logical basis that involved precise definitions of terms and physical quantities, and amathematical structure to express relationships between these physical quantities.In this section, we examine how a set of base physical quantities and units is used to describe all otherphysical quantities. These precisely defined quantities and units, with accompanying order-of-ten prefixes(e.g. milli, centi and kilo) can then be used to describe the interactions between objects in systems that rangefrom celestial objects in space to sub-atomic particles.1.Physical Quantities, Units and MeasurementContent Physical quantities SI units Prefixes Scalars and vectors Measurement of length and timeLearning Outcomes:Candidates should be able to:(a) show understanding that all physical quantities consist of a numerical magnitude and a unit(b) recall the following base quantities and their units: mass (kg), length (m), time (s), current (A),temperature (K)(c) use the following prefixes and their symbols to indicate decimal sub-multiples and multiples of the SIunits: nano (n), micro (µ), milli (m), centi (c), deci (d), kilo (k), mega (M), giga (G)(d) show an understanding of the orders of magnitude of the sizes of common objects ranging from atypical atom to the Earth(e) state what is meant by scalar and vector quantities and give common examples of each(f)add two vectors to determine a resultant by a graphical metho