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INTERNATIONAL ADVANCED LEVELHISTORYSAMPLE ASSESSMENTMATERIALSPearson Edexcel International Advanced Subsidiary in History (XHI01)Pearson Edexcel International Advanced Level in History (YHI01)First teaching September 2015First examination from June 2016First certification from August 2016 (International Advanced Subsidiary) andAugust 2017 (International Advanced Level)Issue 2

Edexcel, BTEC and LCCI qualificationsEdexcel, BTEC and LCCI qualifications are awarded by Pearson, the UK’s largestawarding body offering academic and vocational qualifications that are globallyrecognised and benchmarked. For further information, please visit our qualificationwebsite at qualifications.pearson.com. Alternatively, you can get in touch with ususing the details on our contact us page at qualifications.pearson.com/contactusAbout PearsonPearson is the world's leading learning company, with 35,000 employees in morethan 70 countries working to help people of all ages to make measurable progressin their lives through learning. We put the learner at the centre of everything wedo, because wherever learning flourishes, so do people. Find out more about howwe can help you and your learners at qualifications.pearson.comReferences to third party material made in this specification are made in good faith.Pearson does not endorse, approve or accept responsibility for the content ofmaterials, which may be subject to change, or any opinions expressed therein.(Material may include textbooks, journals, magazines and other publications andwebsites.)All information in this specification is correct at time of going to publication.ISBN 978 1 4469 5694 6All the material in this publication is copyright Pearson Education Limited 2018

Summary of Pearson Edexcel Level 3 InternationalAdvanced/Subsidiary GCE in HistorySample Assessment MaterialsIssue 2 changesSummary of changes made between previous issue andthis current issuePage number(s)Paper number references have been corrected in questionpapers, source booklets and mark schemes for the followingpapers: WHI02/1A/1B/1C/1D, WHI03/1A/1B/1C/1D andWHI04/1A/1B/1C/1D.45, 51, 55, 65, 71, 75, 85, 91,95, 105, 111, 115, 125, 129,133, 143, 147, 151, 161, 165,169, 179, 183, 187, 197, 201,205, 215, 219, 223, 233, 237,241, 251, 255, 259Titles of the following question papers, source booklets andmark schemes have been corrected: WHI02/1D105, 111, 115The mark schemes for WHI02/1C Section A Q1(a) and Q1(b)have been amended to clarify what is required of candidates.99-101If you need further information on these changes or what they mean, contact us via ourwebsite at: tml.

ContentsIntroduction1General marking guidance3Paper 1: Depth Study with Interpretations5Option 1A: France in revolution, 1774–995Mark scheme9Option 1B: Russia in Revolution, 1881–191715Mark scheme19Option 1C: Germany, 1918–4525Mark scheme29Option 1D: Britain, 1964–9035Mark scheme39Paper 2: Breadth Study with Source Evaluation45Option 1A: India, 1857–1948: The Raj to Partition45Mark scheme55Option 1B: China, 1900–7665Mark scheme75Option 1C: Russia, 1917–91: From Lenin to Yeltsin85Mark scheme95Option 1D: South Africa, 1948–2014105Mark scheme115Paper 3: Thematic Study with Source Evaluation125Option 1A: The USA, Independence to Civil War, 1775–1865125Mark scheme133Option 1B: The British Experience of Warfare, 1803–1945143Mark scheme151Option 1C: Germany: United, Divided and Reunited, 1870–1990161Mark scheme169Option 1D: Civil Rights and Race Relations in the USA, 1865–2009179Mark scheme187

Paper 4: International Study with Interpretations197Option 1A: The Making of Modern Europe, 1805–71197Mark scheme205Option 1B: The World in Crisis, 1879–1945215Mark scheme223Option 1C: The World Divided: Superpower Relations, 1943–90233Mark scheme241Option 1D: The Cold War and Hot War in Asia, 1945–90251Mark scheme259

IntroductionThe Pearson Edexcel International Advanced Level in History is designed for use inschools and colleges. It is part of a suite of International A Level qualifications offeredby Pearson.These sample assessment materials have been developed to support thisqualification and will be used as the benchmark to develop the assessment studentswill take.Pearson Edexcel International Advanced Level in History – Sample Assessment MaterialsIssue 2 – June 2018 Pearson Education Limited 20181

2Pearson Edexcel International Advanced Level in History – Sample Assessment MaterialsIssue 2 – June 2018 Pearson Education Limited 2018

General marking guidance All candidates must receive the same treatment. Examiners must mark the lastcandidate in exactly the same way as they mark the first.Mark schemes should be applied positively. Candidates must be rewarded forwhat they have shown they can do rather than be penalised for omissions.Examiners should mark according to the mark scheme – not according to theirperception of where the grade boundaries may lie.All the marks on the mark scheme are designed to be awarded. Examinersshould always award full marks if deserved, i.e. if the answer matches the markscheme. Examiners should also be prepared to award zero marks if thecandidate’s response is not worthy of credit according to the mark scheme.Where some judgement is required, mark schemes will provide the principles bywhich marks will be awarded and exemplification/indicative content will not beexhaustive.When examiners are in doubt regarding the application of the mark scheme to acandidate’s response, a senior examiner must be consulted before a mark isgiven.Crossed-out work should be marked unless the candidate has replaced it withan alternative response.How to award marksFinding the right levelThe first stage is to decide which level the answer should be placed in. To do this,use a ‘best-fit’ approach, deciding which level most closely describes the quality ofthe answer. Answers can display characteristics from more than one level, and wherethis happens markers must use their professional judgement to decide which level ismost appropriate.Placing a mark within a levelAfter a level has been decided on, the next stage is to decide on the mark within thelevel. The instructions below tell you how to reward responses within a level.However, where a level has specific guidance about how to place an answer within alevel, always follow that guidance.Markers should be prepared to use the full range of marks available in a level andnot restrict marks to the middle. Markers should start at the middle of the level (orthe upper-middle mark if there is an even number of marks) and then move themark up or down to find the best mark. To do this, they should take into accounthow far the answer meets the requirements of the level: If it meets the requirements fully, markers should be prepared to award fullmarks within the level. The top mark in the level is used for answers that areas good as can realistically be expected within that level If it only barely meets the requirements of the level, markers should considerawarding marks at the bottom of the level. The bottom mark in the level isused for answers that are the weakest that can be expected within that level The middle marks of the level are used for answers that have a reasonablematch to the descriptor. This might represent a balance between somecharacteristics of the level that are fully met and others that are only barelymet.Pearson Edexcel International Advanced Level in History – Sample Assessment MaterialsIssue 2 – June 2018 Pearson Education Limited 20183

4Pearson Edexcel International Advanced Level in History – Sample Assessment MaterialsIssue 2 – June 2018 Pearson Education Limited 2018

Write your name hereSurnameOther namesPearson EdexcelCentre NumberCandidate NumberInternationalAdvanced LevelHistoryInternational Advanced SubsidiaryPaper 1: Depth Study with InterpretationsOption 1A: France in revolution, 1774–99Sample assessment material for first teachingSeptember 2015Time: 2 hoursPaper ReferenceWHI01/1AYou do not need any other materials.Total MarksInstructionsblack ink or ball-point pen. Usein the boxes at the top of this page with your name, Fillcentre number and candidate number.Answer TWO questions. Answerthe questions in the spaces provided – there maybe more space than you need.Informationtotal mark for this paper is 50. Themarks for each question are shown in brackets The– use this as a guide as to how much time to spend on each question.Adviceeach question carefully before you start to answer it. Read Check your answers if you have time at the end.S49982A 2015 Pearson Education Ltd.1/1*S49982A0103*Pearson Edexcel International Advanced Level in History – Sample Assessment MaterialsIssue 2 – June 2018 Pearson Education Limited 2018Turn over5

Answer TWO questions from the following.You must start your answer to your chosen question on the next page.EITHER1 Historians differ in their judgements about the problems that caused unrest in Francein the years 1774–89.‘The most significant cause of discontent in France in the years before 1789 was thetaxation system.’Assess this view using your own knowledge of the issue.(Total for Question 1 25 marks)OR2 Historians have different suggestions for the event in 1789 that marked thebeginning of the French Revolution.‘It was the Tennis Court Oath (20 June) rather than the storming of the Bastille(14 July) that marked the true onset of the French Revolution.’Assess this view using your own knowledge of the issue.(Total for Question 2 25 marks)OR3 Historians have different explanations for the failure of constitutional monarchy(1789–93).‘Louis XVI was mainly responsible for the failure of constitutional monarchy.’Assess this view using your own knowledge of the issue.(Total for Question 3 25 marks)OR4 Historians differ in their judgements of government by the Directory in the years1795–99.‘The Directory was both unsuccessful and unpopular.’Assess this view using your own knowledge of the issue.(Total for Question 4 25 marks)26*S49982A0203*Pearson Edexcel International Advanced Level in History – Sample Assessment MaterialsIssue 2 – June 2018 Pearson Education Limited 2018

Indicate which question you are answering by marking a cross in the box . If you change yourmind, put a line through the box and then indicate your new question with a cross .Chosen question number:Question 1Question 2Question 3Question 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .