You Can Quote Me on That Tips on handling direct and indirect quotes Rule 1 No obligatory quotes Dont use quotes to present fact.
The band raised $5000, band director Tom Ingram said. Quotes should present opinion or clarification. The kids worked their rears off, band director Tom Ingram said. I couldnt be prouder of them.
Second graf, zinger quote The day remains as sharp in his mind as if it had occurred 24 hours ago, not 59 years. The water was on fire, there was so much oil floating on it, John Evans remembered. Youd try to help people get out, and their skin would come off in your hands. You cant get rid of the odor. Ill tell you, you dont get over something like that.
But as America celebrates Veterans Day and honors the men and women who fought the nations wars, fewer and fewer people can recount what happened at Pearl Harbor or Iwo Jima, at Omaha Beach or the siege at Bastogne. Members of the World War II generation are in their mid-70s and 80s now. Crisp lead, powerful quote.
Within 24-hours of the accident, Carol was declared brain-dead, but her family kept her alive so her organs could be donated. I was so happy until I realized that my life depended on her death, organ receiver Beth said, and I wondered how that could be right.
Rule 2 No quote leads unless the quote is totally amazing. Avoid quote leads unless theyre as powerful as this one. Please, said the frustrated politician on the other side of the
Formica breakfast table in a New Hampshire hotel, keep your mind open to the possibility that Im not weird. Gary Warren Hart was doing something he doesnt like to do: he was talking about himself, his childhood, his parents, his religious beliefs, his marriage.
This quote lead humanizes what might have been a research paper. I can remember how I would dread walking into the cafeteria because there was nowhere for me to sit, says Kevin Sharp, now a junior at the University of North Texas. I felt like a complete outsider, so Id usually just wait and eat after school. In a world where loners are often perceived
as weird or sometimes volatile, its no wonder that shy kids can sometimes be labeled an outcast. This feeling of being ostracized often leads children to pull away, increasing their chances of being left out. Rule 3 Open with the quote, then the subject, then the verb.
Setting up your quotes Weak We hope to win the game, said coach Bubba Lebowski. Not that strong either We hope to win the game, said Bubba Lebowski, coach. Better
We hope to win the game, coach Bubba Lebowski said. But this is OK We hope to win the game, said coach Bubba Lebowski, who is going after his 300th win tonight. Im sure well win, said James Tucker, president of the Football Booster Club, but if
we dont, ole Bubs going to be looking for another job. Dont bury the attribution We hope to win the game because if we dont, Im pretty dang sure Im gonna get fired or promoted to principal. That would be the pits, said Bubba Lebowski, coach.
Right We hope to win the game because if we dont, Im pretty dang sure Im gonna get fired or promoted to principal, coach Bubba Lebowski said. That would be the pits. Also right We hope to win the game, coach Bubba Lebowski said, because if we dont, Im pretty dang sure I
m gonna get fired or promoted to principal. That would be the pits. Avoid unnatural breaks in a simplesentence quote. Place the attribution at a natural pause or thought break in the sentence. Wrong I Principal Ethan Edwards said, quit.
Rule 4 Transition provides the fact. The quote provides opinion or clarification of the fact. Do not repeat information from the transition to the quote.
The wrestling team and the school in general are in for a real treat this winter. With the start of the new school year comes a new teacher as well as a new coach, and he is coach Dean Shelton. For 14 years, Shelton has coached at Madison High where his teams have won nine district, five regional and three state
wrestling titles. Many wrestlers say they look forward to Sheltons arrival. Im really looking forward to his arrival, Miles Ryan, senior, said. Others say they cant wait for the season to start. I cant wait for the season to start,
sophomore Mitch Wilson said. Coach Shelton is sure to build a winning tradition here, and Im excited and honored to be a part of it. Other players say they expect to learn new techniques. I hope to learn new techniques, Mike Wiggins, senior, said. Coach Shelton knows
what it takes to win. Of course, wrestlers said they would miss coach David Chapman, who retired. I most certainly will miss coach Chapman, Javier Cruz said. Absolutely. He was a good man and will be missed. Dont stack quotes. Divide them with a transition sentence.
Im looking forward to playing for the new coach, senior Miles Ryan said. Coach Shelton is sure to build a winning tradition here, and Im excited to be a part of it. Im going to miss coach Chapman, junior Mike Wiggins said. He was like a dad to me. He cared for us as people, not just athletes. Im looking forward to playing for the
new coach, senior Miles Ryan said. Coach Shelton is sure to build a winning tradition here, and Im excited to be a part of it. But all said theyd miss coach Chapman. He was like a dad to me, junior Mike Wiggins said. He cared for us as people, not just athletes. Building a bridge from one quote to the
next Its not as if we are planning to lose. Sure, were the underdogs, but these kids plan to win, and I expect them to win. Charlie Jones is going to start at quarterback. Hes dinged up but hes a tough kid. I dont think I could keep him out of this game if I tried to. coach Jeff Moore
Building a bridge from one quote to the next Its not as if we are planning to lose, coach Jeff Moore said. Sure, were the underdogs, but these kids plan to win, and I expect them to win. Charlie Jones will start at quarterback, Moore added. Hes dinged up but hes a tough kid, he
said. I dont think I could keep him out of this game if I tried to. Rule 5 Allow the direct quotes to propel the story. Keep transitions short and crisp. Look for the zinger and the closing quote. Build the story
internally in a logical order. Attribution Readers needs to know whos speaking and why theyre important enough to be quoted in this story Attribute all direct quotes to
the source of information. The concert will be the best in the history of the school and everyone will just love, love, love it! Says who? The concert will be the best in the history of the school and everyone will just love, love, love it, Joel Richardson
said. Who is Joel Richardson? Why is he an authoritative source? The concert will be the best in the history of the school and everyone will just love, love, love it, said 102year-old Joel Richardson, a local music authority who has attended every concert in the schools history.
Use both first and last names in the initial reference to a source. I thought I was a goner, Smith said. I thought I was a goner, junior Tim Smith said. Identify on first reference all students class and teachers by
subject taught unless a more formal title is required. The new dress code is a joke, junior Clay Kutch said. We are asking students to comply with the new dress codes, AP English teacher Sandra Lloyd said. Use only the last name of people on
second reference The new dress code is a joke, junior Clay Kutch said. Where do they get off telling us we cant wear tanktops and flipflops to school? But administrators are holding firm to the new rule. Well then, its war, Kutch added. With adults, use the last name.
use Mr., Mrs., Etc. Dont The new dress code reminds students that theyre here to study and work, assistant principal Dan Denton said. This isnt some MTV reality show. But students argued that the dress code
goes too far. Pish-posh, Denton replied. Hell, women all over the world wear Burkas. Why not here? Do not capitalize identifying titles or occupational descriptions unless they are the first word in a sentence. Coach Dan Jones was fired by the school board.
The school board fired coach Dan Jones. The starring role was won by senior Patty DuBois. Senior Patty DuBois won the starring role. Avoid double-titles. Weak Dost thou hear, my honest friend? said English teacher Dr. Helen Starr . . .
Better Dost thou hear, my honest friend? said English teacher Helen Starr . . . Then, on second reference, refer to her as Dr. Starr. For more great examples The Radical
Write By Bobby Hawthorne Available from the Journalism Education Association bookstore. www.jea.org.
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