Food literacy versus Food skills 26 June 2019 www.foodafactoflife.org.uk Food a fact of life 2019 FOOD LITERACY VERSUS FOOD SKILLS WHAT EXACTLY IS THE SAMENESS? Sandra Fordyce-Voorham PhD, MEd, BEd (Home Economics) Head of Food & Nutrition Mentone Girls Grammar School Melbourne, Australia [email protected]
Food Skills Australia 02/29/2020 www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au 2 Introduction to presentation 02/29/2020 The emergence of food literacy over the last
decade Food literacy versus food skills what is the sameness? Food literacy (declarative-knowledge) vs Food skills (procedural- hands-on) What food literacy/skills should be taught? The need for an evidence-based model to design and evaluate our skill-based programs Links to Food a fact of life resources are hot linked throughout this webinar presentation Suggestions for further reading and sources of information www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au http 3 Transitions of definitions of Food Literacy
02/29/2020 Food literacy is the ability of consumers to understand and act upon the food labelling and nutritional information they need to prepare tasty and nutritious meals for themselves and their families Fordyce-Voorham S, 2010. a collection of inter-related knowledge, skills and behaviours required to plan, manage, select, prepare and eat food to meet needs and determine intake Vidgen H & Gallegos, 2012. the knowledge, skills and capacity to source, prepare, cook a nd share food in a sustainable manner to promote a healthy and balanced lifestyle. Food literacy is also about
individuals understanding the role that food plays in communities and cultures (Home Economics Victoria, 2013) www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au 4 Food literacy competencies presented as a framework that Use of the term food literacy in the literature between 1990-2012 20 18 Vidgen (2014) 16 14
12 10 8 6 4 2 0 www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au Who are (some of the) players? 02/29/2020 From Denmark reported in the International Journal of Home Economics: Jette Benn (2014) (Published in IJHE Vol 7 No 1 2014) Food, nutrition or cooking literacya review of
concepts and competencies regarding food education From Hong Kong: Wai Ling Theresa Lai-Yeung (2011) (Published in the Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2011;20 (1):87-94) Nutrition education for adolescents: Principals views From Australia : Ronto R, Ball L, Pendergast D and Harris N. (2016) Food Literacy at Secondary Schools in Australia Helen Vidgen & Danielle Gallegos (2014) (Published in Appetite 76 2014 5059) Defining food literacy and its components Helen Vidgen & Danielle Gallegos (2012) Defining food literacy, its components, development and relationship to food intake : A cas e study of young people and disadvantage. Sandra Fordyce-Voorham (2010) The identification of food skills in skill-based healthy eating programs From Canada Sarah Colatruglio & Joyce Slater Food literacy: Bridging the Gap between Food, Nutrition and Wellbeing
Slater J, Falkenberg T, Colatruglio S, Rutherford J. (2016) Critical Food Literacy Competencies for Young Adults From Scotland and Australia Professor Donna Pendergast (Griffiths University, Qld) and Yvonne Dewhurst (University of Aberdeen) (Published in the International Journal of Home Economics Volume 5 No 2 2012) www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au 6 Home Economics and Food Literacy: An International Investigation Food Literacy, Sustainability and Well-Being Slater J, Falkenburg T, Rutherford J, Colatruglio S. 2018 www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au Food Literacy and Well-Being Falconberg 2014
www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au Food Studies Conference- Prato 2014 Title: Exploring Food Literacy From L to R: Thomas Falkenberg, Joyce Slater, Helen Vidgen, Andrea Begley, Danielle Gallegos, Sandra Fordyce-Voorham 02/29/2020 www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au 9 Who are the players in schools? Food and nutrition teachers are in-house food experts - teach young people the food skills that they need to live healthy
and independent lives - most confine teaching to the procedural food skills (preparation and cooking of healthy meal and snacks) WERE NOT JUST COOKING PANCAKES 02/29/2020 www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au 10 Procedural Skills the hands-on skills How shall we cook tonights dinner?
02/29/2020 www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au 11 Procedural Skills the hands-on skills FOOD LITERACY Is the ability to.. 3. Preparation 3.1 Make a good tasting meal from whatever food is available. This includes being able to prepare commonly available foods, efficiently use common pieces of kitchen equipment and having a sufficient repertoire of
skills to adapt recipes (written or unwritten) to experiment with food and ingredients. Clean as you go and clean after the meal is prepared 3.2 Apply basic principles of safe food hygiene and handling. 4. Eating 4.1 Understand food has an impact on personal wellbeing. 4.2 Demonstrate self-awareness of the need to personally balance food intake. This includes knowing foods to include for good health, foods to restrict for good health, and appropriate portion size and frequency.
4.3 Join in and eat in a social way. 4.4 Evaluation what would I do differently next time? Helen Vidgen www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au PROCEDURAL SKILLS IN ACTION 02/29/2020 www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au 13 Food (literacy) skills content of a skill-based program
The twelve essential food (life) skills content include: Consumer knowledge, information and skills- where food comes from Hygiene and Safety knowledge and skills Meal knowledge and skills- food planning Nutritional Health knowledge Cookery Methods knowledge Equipment knowledge (kitchen tools and small and large appliances) Food exposure knowledge (restaurant, market visits, guest speakers) Seasonal Produce knowledge (when fruits and vegetables are in season) Troubleshooting knowledge (how to anticipate and rectify culinary disasters) Sources information (where information obtained; cookbooks, Internet, food magazines, television, markets, supermarkets) Terminology information (culinary terms and techniques defined and described) Skills acquisition (knife skills, meal preparation and cooking competencies) Fordyce-Voorham (2010)
www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au 14 Definition of Food Literacy in context with declarative skills Declarative (Reynolds J, 2000) skills focus on the context in which that meal is constructed: the suitability of the meal occasion, decisions and resources required to complete the meal to a level considered satisfactory to the food preparer and for the other individuals consuming the meal. They include the food literacy skills which refers to an individuals ability to make effective consumer decisions such as weighing-up the monetary versus the time-saving costs of purchasing convenience foods (Lang & Caraher,
2001). 02/29/2020 www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au 15 DECLARATIVE SKILLS IN ACTION 02/29/2020 www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au 16 WHATS IN MY PANTRY? REFRIGERATOR? 02/29/2020
www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au 17 Declarative Skills the thinking skills What shall we have for dinner tonight? Two-stage process skill of designing and planning of healthy meals to suit the dietary and sensory (likes and dislikes) needs of family members and friends consuming those
meals. 02/29/2020 www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au 18 Declarative Skills the thinking skills 1. Planning and Management 2. Selection 1.1 Prioritise money and time for food. 1.2 Plan food intake (formally and informally) so that food can be regularly accessed through some source, irrespective of changes in circumstances or
environment. 1.3 Make feasible food decisions which balance food needs (e.g. nutrition, taste, hunger) with available resources (e.g. time, money, skills, equipment). 2.1 Access food through multiple sources and the know advantages and disadvantages of these sources. 2.2 Determine what is in a food product, where it came from, how to store it and use it. 2.3 Judge the quality of food. FOOD LITERACY Is the ability to..
Helen Vidgen www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au DECISION MAKING PROCESS 1. PLANNING AND INVESTIGATING (Declarative skill) considers - number, age, food intolerances likes & dislikes of diners - resources of skills, time, energy, money, equipment, recipes, access to food 2. IDENTIFYING AND WEIGHING ALTERNATIVES (Declarative skill) considers Assessing meal choices 3. TAKING ACTION (Procedural skill) Preparing and making the meal
4. EVALUATING (Declarative skill) What would I do differently next time? 02/29/2020 www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au 20 The need to evaluate food skills programs Teachers lack time and access to databases to evaluate their food skills programs I teach Year 8, with a real emphasis on safety & hygiene, food handling & cooking skills in one theory lesson and one cooking lesson, per week. The constraints of the timetable is a significantly limiting factor with the school allocating semester
elective subjects across many year levels, only giving the students a limited view of the breadth of this subject. Teacher, Melbourne. 08/09/14 Rely on researchers to promote and endorse their work 02/29/2020 www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au 21 Food Literacy Model for Schools Figure 1 A food literacy model for schools (Fordyce-Voorham, 2015) www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au
22 Description of Food Literacy Model Basic level described as the operational dimension ( Renwick K, 2013), the food tasks performed at this level focus on the individual and their interactions with food. Examples include: - an individuals food likes and dislikes, - access to different food varieties (fresh and processed) and amount of food, - basic knowledge of the origins of food, - the chemical (nutritional) and sensory (aesthetic) properties and analysis of food in relation to their health. 02/29/2020 www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au
23 Description of Food Literacy Model 02/29/2020 Intermediate level described as the cultural dimension (Renwick K, 2013), the food tasks performed at this level involve the individual interacting with people (family, teachers, students and local shopping vendors) in their near environment Examples include: - family food likes and dislikes including cultural variations - food decisions: gate-keeping of food - availability of, and access to food in the home
- availability of, and access to food in the www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au community 24 Description of Food Literacy Model Advanced level described as the critical dimension ( Renwick K, 2013), the food tasks performed at this level involve the individual interacting with the social environment (media, culture, society, technology) and making ethical decisions about food including sustainability Examples include: - social (including television, digital and print media and technology) and - cultural factors influencing and modifying individual and family food decisions and choices. Decisions to use smart foods
02/29/2020 www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au 25 Putting it together Or where do we go from here?... Both terms food skills and food literacy interrelate Recommended to inform the design and delivery of sustainable and evidencebased food education programs Suggestions for further reading evaluation of food skills/literacy program to support your teaching in schools- Fordyce-Voorham (2018) and Slater J et al (2016) 02/29/2020
www.mentonegirls.vic.edu.au 26 For further information, go to: www.foodafactoflife.org.uk www.foodafactoflife.org.uk Food a fact of life 2019
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