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Types of Governments Grade 7 Social Studies Online Presentation Blueprint Skill: Governance & Civics

Grade 7 Define the different types of governments (i.e., democracy, autocracy, oligarchy, monarchy, and dictatorship).

Democracy In a democracy, the government is elected by the people. Everyone who is eligible to vote

has a chance to have their say over who runs the country. It is distinct from governments controlled by a particular social class or group (aristocracy; oligarchy) or by a single person (despotism; dictatorship; monarchy). A democracy is determined either directly or through elected representatives.

Autocracy Government by a single person having unlimited power; despotism (domination through threat of punishment and

violence) . Oligarchy A government in which a few people such as a dominant clan or clique have

power. Monarchy

A monarchy has a king, queen, emperor or empress. The ruling position can be passed on to the rulers heirs. In some traditional monarchies, the monarch has absolute power.

But a constitutional monarchy, like the UK, also has a democratic government that limits the monarch's control. Dictatorship A country ruled by a single leader. The leader

has not been elected and may use force to keep control. In a military dictatorship, the army is in control.

Anarchy Anarchy is a situation where there is no government. This can happen after a civil war in a country, when a government has been destroyed and rival groups are fighting to take its place.

Anarchists are people who believe that government is a bad thing in that it stops people organizing their own lives. Capitalist In a capitalist or free-market country,

people can own their own businesses and property. People can also buy services for private use, such as healthcare. But most capitalist governments also provide their own education, health and welfare services.

Communist In a communist country, the government owns property such as businesses and farms. It provides its people's healthcare,

education and welfare. Republic A republic is a country that has no monarch. The head of the country is usually an

elected president. Revolutionary If a government is

overthrown by force, the new ruling group is sometimes called a revolutionary government. Totalitarian

This is a country with only one political party. People are forced to do what the government tells them and may also be prevented from

leaving the country. Ready for a quiz? Play Government

Squares 1 This form of government is elected by the people and everyone is eligible to vote.

1 Democracy 2 A government ruled by a king, queen,

emperor or empress. 2 Monarchy 3

A country ruled by a single leader. The leader has not been elected and may use force to keep control. 3

Dictatorship 4 Government by a single person having unlimited power; despotism (domination through threat of punishment and violence).

4 Autocracy 5

The government owns property such as businesses and farms and provides its people's healthcare, education and welfare. 5 Communism

6 A situation where there is no government. 6

Anarchy 7 The ruling group that forms when a government is overthrown by force.

7 Revolutionary 8

A government in which a few people such as a dominant clan or clique have power. 8 Oligarchy

9 A country that has no monarch, but is headed by an elected president or official is a ________. 9

Republic

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