War Photographer

War Photographer

War Photographer Textual Analysis Questions and Answers 1. How is the poem structured and how does this contrast with the images described in the poem? (2) Orderly, rigid structure. (1 mark) Contrast with chaotic images in poem. (1

mark) Q1. Example answer The poem is in 4 stanzas with each stanza comprising of 6 lines of a fairly equal length. The images described in the poem are chaotic and are out of the war photographers control. This contrasts with the rigid, ordered structure of the poem which is written as if the photographer is trying to enforce normality on his life. 2. Why has Duffy compared the war photographer to a Priest in the first stanza? (2)

Seriousness of the job Caries it out religiously Sense of duty Dedicated/a calling

Q2. Example answer The photographer is described as a priest because he develops photos with the same sense of importance and duty as a priest would when in church. It highlights the respect the photographer holds for his job. 3. What effect is created by the sentence structure used in line 6? (1) One word sentences of countries affected OR

short sentence for Biblical reference. Gives each place importance Serves as bleak acceptance that all must die. Q3. Example answer The one word sentences place emphasis on each of the war zones. It shows the importance of each place and emphasises that the war photographer will never forget them. The list

also highlights just how many places were devastated by war. 4. What is ambiguous about the word Solutions in line 7? (1) The chemicals used to develop photos. The pictures could serve as a way to end the conflict. Q4. Example

answer The word solutions is ambiguous as it could mean the chemicals used to develop the pictures or the fact that his photography is used to try and resolve conflict and educate people, acting as a solution to the violence. 5. Comment on Duffys use of contrast in the second stanza. (2) ordinary pain and exploding fields

simple weather can dispel and exploding fields Rural England and exploding fields ordinary pain and children running in a nightmare heat Q5. Example answer The contrast in stanza two highlights how insignificant our problems are in comparison to

the inhabitants of dangerous war zones. Where Britain is described as Rural with positive connotations of rolling hills and rivers, this cosy vibe is replaced with a sense of danger, in that overseas, the countryside can literally explode beneath the feet. Our arbitrary problems are shown as worthless in comparison to the daily threat of death surrounding civilians in war zones. 6. Comment on the effectiveness of the word stained in line 18. (2) Connotations of permanence.

Idea that these atrocities will not be forgotten. Forever a mark on the countries history. Photographer can never escape the memories. Q6. Example

answer The word stained has connotations of ruin and permanence. The photographer suggests that the sight of death will not only remain with him forever but will be a mark on the country's history. The victims of war should be remembered. 7. Fully comment (quotes and explanation) on the use of contrast in the final stanza. (4) A hundred agonies and pick 5 or 6 - idea of only getting a small portion of the conflict

A hundred agonies and between bath and pre-lunch beers - idea of contrast between their suffering and our luxuries. prick with tears and they do not care idea of them being upset one minute but shortly after losing all concern. Q7. Example answer Duffy creates contrast in the final stanza. A hundred agonies congrats with five or six. This shows that although there are so many people dead and the photographer has taken so many

pictures, only a few will be shown to the public, meaning we dont get a clear idea of the scale of conflict. A hundred agonies also contrasts with between bath and prelunch beers. This shows the difference between our world and theirs as they are suffering and dying whereas we are enjoying luxuries. readers eyeballs prick with tears contrasts with they do not care. This shows that although the photographer has taken these horrific pictures, the publics eyeballs prick meaning they are only briefly affected by it and then they forget. They are only affected by it because they think they have to be seen to be in the eyes of others. 8. How effectively does Duffy use language features to confront the reader with the horrors of war? (4)

spools of suffering - sibilance/alliteration - highlights scale of the war All flesh is grass. - short sentence - Biblical reference - grim thought tremble - connotations of weakness, vulnerability - highlight PTSD state of photographer nightmare - connotations of bad dream, terror

children - connotations of innocence twist - connotations of contortion, pain half-formed ghost - imagery - idea of being haunted, life leaving cries - connotations of severe distress, enjambment suggests everlasting sound

agonies - connotations of extreme pain Short sentences He has a job to do and Something is happening - highlight the fact that he cannot escape these horrors as he feels the need to be seen and heard Q8. Example answer agonies has connotations of extreme suffering and pain. It emphasises the horrors of the war and the suffering many people face. It shows a clearly distressing image of hundreds dying. nightmare has connotations of terror, fear and dreams.

It is effective in emphasising the horror of the war because it suggests that the suffering is so unimaginable for those in Britain that it is almost like a bad dream. cries has connotations of distress and grief. It is effective in emphasising the horrors of the war because it highlights the misery and pain those in war zones suffer from. 9. How effective are the final lines of the poem in helping the reader to understand Duffys message? (2) they do not care - theme of apathy

he stares impassively - photographers sad acceptance that the situation will not change - ending on a pessimistic note Q9. Example answer The final two lines are effective in rounding off the poem as they comment on the apathetic nature of us towards the war photographs. The effective repetition of the A sound in From the aeroplane he stare impassively shows a sense of monotony in the desensitised mind of the war photographer who faces death every day and is met with an audience who hardly care. Duffys message on

apathy and our tendency to do so little to help one another is incarnated here in the defeated vision of the man behind the camera.

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