Uwf Writing Lab Rules of Thumb for Adjective and Adverb Use
UWF WRITING LAB RULES OF THUMB FOR ADJECTIVE AND ADVERB USE From Real Good Grammar, Too by Mamie Webb Hixon Created by April Turner Revised by Mamie Webb Hixon July 1, 2010 1 SPEAKER 1: How are you today? Which respondent are you? SPEAKER 2: Im good.
SPEAKER 3: Im well. 2 SPEAKER 1: How are you today? Which respondent are you? SPEAKER 2: Im good. SPEAKER 3: Im well. [By using good as a descriptor, is Speaker 2 saying that he or she is well behaved?] 3 Other Common Adjective/Adverb Errors in Spoken and Written
English The Williams sisters play tennis remarkable well. How quick time passes when youre having fun! The applicants felt very badly about missing the first phase of the interview. These encounters make me feel real awkward. Yes, we sure do serve nonalcoholic beverages. 4 CORRECTIONS The Williams sisters play tennis
remarkably well. How quickly time passes when youre having fun! The applicants felt very bad about missing the first phase of the interview. These encounters make me feel really awkward. Yes, we surely do serve nonalcoholic beverages. 5 ADJECTIVE USE Use ADJECTIVES with these verbs: Be-verbs
MNEMONIC DEVICE FOR Be-Verbs Mr. Isamarewaswere is are were being am was been Sense Verbs look feel taste smell sound Linking Verbs become remain appear seem 6 Some verbs act as both linking verbs and performers of action. LINKING
USE ACTION USE The speaker sounds The speaker sounds her good. vowels distinctly. He looked sympathetic. sympathetically mourners. He looked at the 7
Some verbs that are not sense verbs have the meaning of is or are and, therefore, require adjectives. High school and college seem [are] very different. High school and college students behave differently. The judge remained [was] silent throughout the trial. The jurors entered the courtroom silently. 8
ADVERB USE Most adverbs are formed with the addition of the ly suffix to an existing adjective: cautiously surprisingly usually safely inadvertently quietly Use ADVERBS to qualify and modify and intensify: You play pinochle well. You play pinochle remarkably well. You play pinochle very well. 9 ADVERB USE Your friendship is
generously given happily accepted deeply appreciated 10 Use of Adjectives and Adverbs He is strange. He behaves strangely. Be careful. Drive carefully. The explanation is Think clearly. clear. I am sure.
You surely do look good. The response time We need to act quickly. was quick. I feel bad. The men are behaving badly. 11 Adjectives and Adverbs Use adjectives after sense verbs such as look, smell, taste, feel, or sound: The steak tastes very good. Use adjectives after
linking verbs (is, am, are, was, were and other forms of be): I am usually very prompt for meetings. Most adverbs end in ly; use adverbs after action verbs: I usually arrive promptly for meetings. 12 The difference between adjectives and adverbs ADJECTIVES
ADVERBS bad badly careful carefully clear clearly courteous courteously different differently quick quickly strangestrangely sure surely 13 Helpful Tips from The HBJ Workbook, 1992 I
feel bad. = I feel badly. = [I I [I feel good. = I feel well. = I feel well. = am sorry.] [I cant tell if the surface is rough or smooth.]
am happy.] [My health is fine.] [My fingers are especially sensitive.] 14 Bad and Badly Bad is an adjective: I feel bad about the delay. Badly is an
adverb: The bruise doesn't hurt so badly now. 15 Which sentence is grammatically correct? Although I never did good in spelling bees, I have always considered myself a decent speller. I
did really well on The 25 Most Commonly Misspelled Words quiz; I missed only one word misspell. 16 Good and Well Good is an adjective: You look good in blue. You wear it well. Well is an adverb: He
gets along well with his co-workers. Well is also an adjective when it is used to refer to health: I am not well today. You look good, and you look well too. 17 Real and Really
18 Use real preceding nouns; use really preceding adjectives (very, however, is a more formal adverb than really.) real excitement a real disadvantage a real friend a real honor a real difference a real crisis a real surprise real love
really exciting really disadvantageous really friendly really honorable really different really critical really surprising really lovable 19 Sure and Surely
Sure is an adjective meaning certain. I am sure that congressional hearings are nothing more than vapid, hollow charades. Surely is an
adverb meaning certainly. INCORRECT: The city council sure (certain) is making a number of decisions this year. CORRECT: The city council surely (certainly) is making a number of decisions this year. 20 Which sentence is grammatically correct? Tips! We sure
do thank you. SPEAKER 1: Are you open Monday? SPEAKER 2: We sure are. 21 Which sentence is grammatically correct? Tips! We sure do thank you.
SPEAKER 1: Are you open Monday? SPEAKER 2: We sure are. [Both sentences are incorrect. Since surely would sound stuffy here, try certainly.] 22 Sort of and kind of 23 Based on the information in this
lesson, which speaker is correct? SPEAKER 1: How are you today? Which respondent are you? SPEAKER 2: Im good. SPEAKER 3: Im well. 24 LETS PRACTICE!!! Our instructor pronounces his words very (precise, precisely). precisely My pen was writing so (bad, badly) that I threw it away.
badly The experts are (somewhat, kind of) undecided about the wisdom of such a tax. somewhat The woman looked (different, differently) than she did the day before. different 25 LETS PRACTICE A LITTLE MORE!!!
She looks (different, differently) at the situation now. differently I feel (bad, badly) about missing the concert. bad Make sure that she stirs the cookie batter (good, well). well Ted is a (real, really) good singer. really 26
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