Urban Models: North America - MRS. MCGREW'S CLASS

Urban Models: North America - MRS. MCGREW'S CLASS

GET OUT STUFF FOR NOTES URBAN MODELS: NORTH AMERICA TEST CORRECTIONS END TOMORROW HW: READ PGS. 420-425, 438-442 APRIL 9, 2018

BORCHERTS EPOCHS OF TRANSPORTATION U.S. CITIES GROWTH STAGES MODELS OF DEVELOPMENT

CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT Center of urban area Highest priced land High number of services Business

Public Consumer High accessibility-center of transportation BURGESS CONCENTRIC

ZONE MODEL (1923) EXPLANATION OF CONCENTRIC ZONE MODEL Zone 1: Central Business District high land cost = skyscrapers, high accessibility, mostly businesses/restaurants/shops

Zone 2: Zone of Transition Industrial area, poorer housing with renters (mostly immigrants/singles) Zone 3: Zone of Independent Workers Homes Working class homes, still a good amount of renters

Zone 4: Zone of Better Residents Newer and bigger homes, middle class residents, less renting Zone 5: Communters Zone Upper class, large spacious homes, workers commute to CBD CONCENTRIC ZONE MODEL:

CHICAGO BID RENT THEORY Land prices are closest to CBD Payoff between accessibility and profits

HOYT SECTOR MODEL (1939) Based on wedge- shaped sectors radiating out from CBD Based on transport networks HARRIS & ULLMAN MULTIPLE NUCLEI MODEL (1945)

EXPLANATION OF MULTIPLE NUCLEI MODEL Urban Sprawl Importance of automobile and highways Smaller Business Districts created to support suburbs Ex: Atlanta

PERIPHERAL/GALACTIC MODEL EXPLANATION OF PERIPHERAL/GALACTIC Inner city surrounded by large suburban residential and business areas

Tied together by beltway or ring road Edge Cities VANCE URBAN REALMS MODEL Decentralized CBD Edge cities have become mini

realms Edge cities connected via transportation CHANGES IN CITIES IN THE U.S.

U.S. population has been moving out of the city centers to the suburbs: suburbanization and counterurbanization Developed Countries: suburbanization wealthy move to suburbs automobiles and roads;

American Dream better services wealthy move to suburbs Counter-urbanization idyllic settings cost of land for retirement

slow pace, yet high tech connections to services and markets U.S. intraregional migration during 1990s.

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