Tasks of the contract Task 1 New process of producing, approval, monitoring and updating the documents supporting the implementation of the Birds Directive Task 2 Drawing up a list of species for which plans or population status assessments should be produced Task 3 Data collection for 4 species and assessment of their population status Task 4 Organisation of a conference, November 2010 Implemented by: Produced under the Contract 1. Assessment of the relevant experience of EC, MS and key international organisations and NGOs 2. A Methodology (Strategy) for bird recovery for the EC Prioritisation of species based on objective criteria (lists) Fit with planning and reporting cycles under the Birds Directive
Coordination with the relevant international conventions Optimised planning process and content of the plans Lists of current plans, update schedules, status of implementation Proposals for new plans/species, multi-species and issue based plans for 2011-2015 Produced under the Contract (2) 3. Assessment of the population status of four species of EU significance with insufficient knowledge 4. Conference Bird Recovery in the EU (Nov. 2010) and conference report 5. SWOT analysis and methodology for improvement of the Key Concepts Document under Art. 7(4) of the Birds Directive 6. Report organised in four Parts (I-IV) and 8 Annexes. All documents are available at Circa
Overview No regular monitoring of plans 79% out of date or no info. Maintenance work focused on Red List species Insufficient coordination between parties concerned No data on EU Annex II species management plans Original plans Revised plans Plans reviewed at least once Plans never reviewed Plans with regular monitoring/review Plans never monitored and out of date Plans in the middle of their life-time i.e. need review soon Did SAPs achieve their goal? Population trends of the European species on the global Red List (2010) 100% 4 90%
Europe European Union 3 Global SOWB (2010) BiE2 (2004) BiEU (2005) NB! Only species with known trends are included 10 Recommendations for effective plans: 1. Focused on priority species or a combination of them 2. Follow an ecosystem approach 3. Coordinated approach to conservation of migratory species along flyway 4. Be flexible single species or groups of species 5. Contain objectives that are quantifiable and scientifically robust, but in the same time practical and understandable by the stakeholders 6. Implement threat based intervention logic based on sound prioritisation of actions 7. Facilitate policy integration and institutional coordination 8. Implement a partnership approach to conservation 9. Build on communication, coordination and collaboration with stakeholders 10. Are maintained up to date and allow for adaptive management and learning through their monitoring and feedback
How to chose species for action plans Which species are of higher priority for a recovery plan at EU level? What would be the added value of such plan? Which is the most suitable international framework under which the recovery plan should be developed? What should be the geographical scope of the plan? What scope of plan should be most efficient? What is the potential value of single species recovery plans and when could a multi-species format be more appropriate? (1) EU responsibility/importance, (2) global status/urgency and (3) EU status/urgency What species? Species prioritization criteria should be explicit and linked to threat status; Prioritization should be re-run periodically, in conjunction to conservation status assessments and Art. 12 reporting (e.g. every six years). EU responsibility/importance vs. (a) global status/urgency and (b) EU status/urgency the prioritisatio n
Recovery plans in need of review by 2014 (Red list category marked with * will be assigned in th 2012 edition of the Red List) Single species plans to review: Species New single species plans: Species Dartford warbler Sylvia undata Rock partridge Alectoris graeca Annex I I, II/A Priority 1 Falco cherrug Saker Falcon Saxicola dacotiae Fuerteventura Chat Melanitta fusca White-winged Scoter Polysticta stelleri Steller's Eider Aquila clanga Greater Spotted Eagle Limosa limosa Black-tailed Godwit Numenius arquata Eurasian Curlew Emberiza cineracea Cinereous Bunting Aythya marila Greater Scaup Priority 2 Anas acuta Northern Pintail
Netta rufina Red-crested Pochard Falco biarmicus Lanner Falcon Alectoris graeca saxatilis and whitakeri Rock Partridge Perdix perdix Grey Partridge Coturnix coturnix Common Quail Cursorius cursor Cream-coloured Courser Pluvialis apricaria Eurasian Golden-plover Vanellus vanellus Northern Lapwing Tringa totanus Common Redshank Larus canus Mew Gull Streptopelia turtur European Turtle-dove Alauda arvensis Eurasian Skylark Red List category EN EN EN* VU VU NT NT NT NT* Year of production of plan 2006
North/Baltic Sea-ducks Steppe & dry grassland birds Threat-based Plans: focused on common priority threats affecting more than one species Habitat-based Plans: focused on priority habitats and ecosystems and their species communities (not only birds). Single species or group? Single species Multi-species: High risk of extinction. Multiple species share largely overlapping ranges and habitats. Good information. Species has a major ecological role, such as being a keystone species. Umbrella species. A guild of species with similar ecological roles is of concern (e.g. scavengers). The species faces unique threats. Common threats to a group (e.g.
poisoning by baits). The species is very important to humans, economically or culturally. Limited resources for or interest in multiple plans for individual species. There is an opportunity. Species with contradictory recovery needs in same range LIFE+ Priority list Additions (n = 28) Annex Podiceps auritus Horned Grebe I Puffinus yelkouan Yelkouan Shearwater I Oceanodroma monteiroi Monteiros Storm-petrel Currently: 42 spp. and 9 subsp. Proposed: 56 spp. + 12 subsp.? Annex I: 18 subsp. (12 priority) LIFE list: 7 priority subsp. Cygnus columbianus Tundra Swan
I Branta bernicla Brent Goose II/B Tadorna ferruginea Ruddy Shelduck I Anas querquedula Garganey II/A Aythya marila Greater Scaup II/B Milvus milvus Red Kite I Melanitta fusca Velvet Scoter II/B Clangula hyemalis Long-tailed Duck II/B Neophron percnopterus Egyptian Vulture I Alectoris graeca Rock Partridge I; II/A Burhinus oedicnemus Eurasian Thick-knee I Eudromias morinellus Eurasian Dotterel I Philomachus pugnax Ruff I; II/B Gallinago media Great Snipe I Limosa limosa Black-tailed Godwit II/B Numenius arquata Eurasian Curlew II/B Pterocles orientalis Black-bellied Sandgrouse
I Coracias garrulus European Roller I Chersophilus duponti Dupont's Lark I Eremophila alpestris Horned Lark Erythropygia galactotes Rufous-tailed Scrub-robin Saxicola dacotiae Fuerteventura Chat I Sylvia undata Dartford Warbler I Ficedula semitorquata Semi-collared Flycatcher I Sitta whiteheadi Corsican Nuthatch I Proposed revision of the list: Deletions (n = 14) Annex Phalacrocorax pygmeus Pygmy Cormorant I Botaurus stellaris Great Bittern I Aquila pomarina Lesser Spotted Eagle I Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel I Falco eleonorae Eleonoras Falcon I Falco rusticolus Gyrfalcon I
Crex crex Corncrake I Porphyrio porphyrio Purple Swamphen I Fulica cristata Red-knobbed Coot I Numenius tenuirostris Slender-billed Curlew * Sterna dougallii Roseate Tern I Columba trocaz Madeira Laurel Pigeon I Columba bolli Dark-tailed Laurel Pigeon I Loxia scotica Scottish Crossbill I I I Recovery plan commissioned Status report Species monitoring
First draft of plan Old process for plans Collect data Few stakeholders participate International Expert workshop Workshop report No consultation on species status Limited opportunity to review final draft Consult MS Ornis SWG Approval, comments yes Second
draft Stakeholders no MEAs Approval no yes Final draft 17 Optimised process of production The planning process should be organised in order to accommodate the necessary activities for stakeholder involvement and institutional
coordination. Improving coordination (Informal) European Coordination Group for bird species conservation planning Objectives: To coordinate the prioritisation of species that should be the subject of new and revised recovery plans; To agree on lead body to manage the production and implementation of plans; To coordinate the (timetable for) production, consultation and approval of plans.
To coordinate the implementation of recovery plans e.g. through Species Working Groups SMART plans Recovery criteria = the values that the achieved objective should have reached because of successful implementation, and that should lead to recovery. Key facts and assumptions made in selecting the objectives; A brief analysis of the strategic options considered and justification of the choice made; Rationale for the proposed recovery approach. Implementation arrangement options: 1. International Coordinator for each plan (funded) 2. Species conservation team/ Working group i.e. AEWA approach (voluntary) 3.
Coordination centre (organisation) and web tools (funded) 4. National focal points for each plan, networked (voluntary) 5. Development of national and regional recovery plans 6. Reporting by Member States on recovery plans 7. Better targeting of the action plans towards available resources and access to funding for implementation at national and EU level Policy integration of recovery plans Function of recovery plans... ... effect in relevant process or document Diagnose and identify drivers to threats to species.
EIA and SEA Diagnose and identify direct threats and prevent negative impacts on species. EIA, AA, permits Inform the shaping up of policy documents (e.g. agrienvironment measures, forestry plans, water basin plans, etc) Identify species and habitat requirements, focus sites for management, threats and opportunities Guide priorities for funding by Community funds Priority Action Frameworks for Natura 2000, national and regional structural funds, LIFE funds, rural development funds
Identify issues and stakeholders relevant to conservation actions at different levels Implementation of policies and legislation at local, national and EU level Provide leverage to the environmental ministries during the programming discussions. Help EC screening of national programmes for community fund use Provide basis for safeguards in the sector plans to avoid negative impacts on biodiversity Monitoring plan implementation (review) Action\ M. State MS1 MS2
MS3 1 0 0 ... 2 1 4 3 2 3 4 3 2
5 4 1 6 3 1 7 2 2 ... 0 3 N 0 4
Date Date ... MSn Overall progress Date Date Date Overall progress Last updated on: Date Plans that dont deliver should be revised. Species should be re-assessed (6 years) Conclusions Recovery plans have proven their value as an EU instrument Support for them prevails in member states
Recovery plans give an excellent basis for cooperation Behind the implementation of each plan is a large group of enthusiastic people: officials and citizens. Their commitment is the most important recipe for success. Other important ingredients: Focus and objectivity, quality of the process Coordination and stakeholder involvement Integration and communication Monitoring and adaptability Download from: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/conservation/wildbirds/action_plans/ index_en.htm
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