Treatment and Rehabilitation Immediate Responses What should you do when you come across an injured person? Immediate Responses Priorities Are you safe? Are they safe? Start to assess the casualty (SALTAPS) - Do they need Resuscitation? - Are they in Shock? - Are they Bleeding? - Any Fractures?
- Are they an Unconscious casualty? Summon assistance First Aider, 999 Start to prevent infection (First Aid Box) First Aid Box Common contents Plasters (range of sizes) Disposable gloves Face shield for resuscitation Triangular bandages Sterile eye pads Wound dressings Common Treatments
This is for task 1 of assignment 3. Common treatment s Medical referral Hot/ Cold treatment s PRICED
Support mechanis ms SALTAP S SALTAPS- for injury assessment
See - Stop and observe the injury Ask - Ask questions about the injury Look - Look for specific signs e.g. swelling Touch -Touch to identify painful areas Active - Active movement- can they move injured part without assistance? Passive - Passive movement- can you move the part through full range of movement? Strength- Strength testing- can the injured person put pressure/ weight on the injury
** NOTE- Use needs to be appropriate to the injury and you should** stop treatment at the appropriate stage!!!! PRICED (the treatment formerly known as RICE for acute injuries) Protection Protect the person and injured part Rest Ice rest promotes healing & prevents further damage ice reduces swelling Compression compression acts to support &
reduce swelling Elevation elevation reduces blood flow and swelling to the area with the help of Heat Treatments This dilates blood vessels By dilating the blood vessels, more blood goes to the injured area This absorbs swelling and dead cells Encourage growth of new vessels
Not to be used on an open wound Support Mechanisms Taping limits unwanted movement Tubi-grip limits unwanted movement Bandaging increase joint stability
Limb support increase stability Cold Applications Cold compress these are so that the blood vessels constrict, causing a reduction in the flow of blood to the injured area. This is to reduce swelling and also the pain felt by stopping the nerve endings from
conducting impulses It is best used directly after an injury but also for 48-72 hours afterwards. Cold Application 1. 2. 3. 4. Cold Burning Aching
Numb This is the feelings that the skin will go through during cold treatments. Once stage 4 is reached the application should be stopped. Ice should never be applied directly to the skin!! Medical Referral Why refer? Who?
GP Physiotherapist Consultant Surgeon Strength and Conditioning Coach Nutritionist Assignment 3 Task 1: Dealing With Casualties (Pass) P3: Demonstrate how to deal with casualties suffering from three different injuries and/or illnesses, with tutor support (P3)
Task 2: Dealing With Casualties (Merit) M2: Independently deal with casualties suffering from three different injuries and/or illnesses (M2) Assignment 3 EXAMPLE You come across an adult with a fractured tibia. You do not know for sure it is fractured but you must assume
the worst. Start to use: SALTAPS PRICED EXAMPLE : Fractured Tibia. Ring 999 for emergency help Prevent excessive swelling. Keep footwear on
for now. Protect remove the person from the pitch or situation. If this is not possible halt the game immediately. Control if the leg is also bleeding, cover this up. Relieve pain. Move in to comfortable position and raise the leg.
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