Top Products Innovations Saving Lives. Saving Energy We appreciate the opportunity to present our Technology! Table Of Contents 1. Understanding IAQ and the benefits of Needlepoint Bi-Polar Ionization 2. Studies that back up the science of Needlepoint Bi-Polar Ionization 3. IAQ Applications for Phenomenal Aire 4. Overview of the History of IAQ Devices 5. Specifications and Installation of the Phenomenal Aire Series C6.0 CPG IAQ Device The Truth about Indoor Air Quality
According to the US Environmental Protection Agency, the air inside our homes, schools and offices is often two to five times more polluted than the outside air. We spend 90% of our time indoors. Children are naturally more susceptible to pollutants than adults because they take in more air relative to body size and because their developing organs and respiratory systems are more vulnerable to certain chemicals, particles, pathogens and allergens. As we continue to reduce the exchange of indoor and outdoor air with more energy efficient structures, we find the concentrations of VOCs (volatile organic compounds), pathogens, odors, mold and fungus spores increasing while the air ion concentrations necessary for healthy lives are significantly reduced. Air Ions Defined
What is called an air ion, or a charged air molecule, is really no such thing. Air is a mixture of gases, including nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, water vapor, and other trace gases, any one or more of which may be ionized. Ions are present naturally in the air, with positive ions usually exceeding negative ions by a ratio of 1.2 to 1. Typically, clean outdoor air contains 20003000 ions per cubic centimeter. Inside a building with natural ventilation, the number drops below 500/cm3, and in most buildings with ducted air-conditioning systems, air ion levels above 100/cm3 are rare. These low ion environments can make you sluggish and tired, cause breathing issues and overall ill health. Ion Concentrations Researchers have found that ion quantities are drastically reduced by atmospheric pollution in city areas and further reduced by static electricity or air conditioned systems inside buildings. Air Ions / cubic centimeter
( cc) Avg. Positive Avg. Negative 1200 1000 Outdoors: lightly polluted urban air 800 700 Outdoors: City Air 500
300 1000 800 Indoors: Rural location office with modern air conditioned 100 100 Indoor: City location modern air conditioned office 150 50
Outdoors: Clean rural air Indoors: Rural location house without air conditioning Sick Building Syndrome The trend to make our living and working environments more energy efficient has created tighter buildings with less leakage or transfer of air between the inside and outside. This trend creates an environment where the pollutants are not exhausted or diluted by the intake of outside air and the ion concentration remains low. The problems associated with this phenomenon ( ie. SBS sick building syndrome ) have resulted in the creation of laws governing the building of commercial property, whereby commercial
property must take in 30% outside air and thereby exhaust pollutants. Problems Associated with SBS (Sick Building Syndrome) Sore Throat Coughs and/or sneezes Dry Throat Headaches Cold or flu like symptoms Sleeping difficulties Rashes or itches Short term memory Tiredness or fatigue
Concentration problems Blocked or running nose Depression/pessimism Dry itchy and tired eyes Irritability/tension ICC / IMC IMC 2006 & 2009 includes a provision for engineered ventilation systems Section 403.2 Exception Benefits of Air Ionization in the Workplace Researchers have concluded that ionization of the ambient air in the workplace brought about substantial reductions in sickness
symptoms and sickness absenteeism with significant improvements in productivity. Environmental Stress Due to Ionization Breathing difficulties Sore throat Dry throat Cold/Flu like symptoms Rashes or itches Tiredness / fatigue Blocked or runny nose Dry, itchy, tired eyes Cough / sneezing Headaches Sleeping difficulties Short term memory Concentration problems Depressed / pessimistic
67.1 58.3 40.4 60.3 34.7 66 56.2 73.2 51.6 71.6 32.9 33.3 37 44.3 41.5 Types of Corona Ionizers Several methods of corona ionization are available to create and deliver bipolar ionized air to the space. These methods differ mainly in whether high-voltage ac, dc,
or pulsed dc current is used to create ions. AC Ionization Glass Tube Technology The Best the 1960s Had to Offer! In alternating-current, glass tube technology, high voltage (1,600VAC to 3,000VAC) is applied to the interior electrode that cycles negative and positive at the line frequency of 50 or 60 Hz. The voltage produced must have sufficient energy to break down the glass tubes dielectric enabling a corona discharge to form and creating a path to ground located on the exterior of the tube. Ionization efficiency is low because the points (where the wires intersect on the wire mesh exterior) remain above the ionization threshold voltage for each polarity only a small percentage of the time. In addition, the high voltage required to induce the corona discharge also creates unsafe levels of ozone. The EPA has mandated ozone output of less than 0.05 PPM under any operating condition and glass tube technology cannot meet this requirement. Needlepoint Patented Corona Ionizers AC Ionization GPS-IBAR Technology. The GPS-IBAR is
manufactured from extruded aluminum and 316 stainless steel needles inserted into a specialized molded core with air used as the dielectric. The needles are spaced 0.75 apart for optimum output and safety. Even under 100% RH conditions, a 0.75 spacing ensures no arching will occur. The GPS-IBAR can be submerged under water and it will still continue to operate. The power supply controls the voltage and cleans the line frequency to ensure equal amounts of positive and negative ions are produced. In addition, the GPS-7000 IBAR power supply prevents noise from being pushed back onto the power grid. Steady-State DC Ionization TPI and GPS Products. High voltage of both polarities is continuously applied to pairs of positive and negative emitter points in standard direct-current technology; thus, the efficiency of ion production is better than that of AC ionization systems. Because lower operating currents can be used, steady-state DC ionization systems are more applicable to cleanroom use. The availability of separate positive and negative
high-voltage supplies makes it possible to employ various schemes for monitoring and feedback control of ion balance to better than 5 V. How does Phenomenal Aire Needlepoint Ionization improve IAQ Produces Positive and Negative Ions in the environment Kills Viruses in the environment Kills Bacteria in the environment Kills Mold Spores in the environment Kills Fungus Spores in the environment Eliminates Odors in the environment Eliminates Allergens in the environment Breaks Down VOCs ( Volatile Organic Compounds ) Agglomerates particles in the air making them larger for more effective filtration Reduces or eliminates static electricity in the environment
You want Phenomenal Aire in you Home or Business Needlepoint Corona Field Bacteria, Virus, Spore and Allergen Neutralization Kill Virus, Bacteria & Mold, In The Space - Positive and negative ions surround the pathogen (See Figure 1). Next, the ions rob the pathogens of the hydrogen necessary for them to survive (See Figure 2). During the final step, the ions eliminate hydrogen from the pathogen and then the plasma cleansing process is complete, making the airborne virus,
Studies that back up the science of Needlepoint BiPolar Ionization Independent Testing by World Renowned EMSL Labs THE ONLY PRODUCT PROVEN TO KILL PATHOGENS IN THE SPACE Pathogen E.coli MRSA TB 60 Time Exposed Kill Rate 15 minutes 99.68% 30 minutes 96.24% minutes
69.01% Odor and VOC Neutralization Odor Control - The ions produced by TPI and GPS needlepoint ionization break down gases with electron-volt potential numbers below 12 to harmless compounds prevalent in the atmosphere such as oxygen, nitrogen, water vapor and carbon dioxide. The resultant compounds are a function of the entering contaminants into the plasma field. A simple example would be formaldehyde, which is produced by building furnishings and thought to be carcinogenic, breaks down to carbon dioxide and water vapor, thus eliminating the health hazard. Another example is ammonia that is produced by occupants (typical body odor smell), breaks down to oxygen, nitrogen and water vapor. As you can see, what chemical you start with determines how it reacts with the ionization field and how it breaks down.
Chemical Compounds Plasma Can Easily Control CHEMICAL Xylene FORMULA C8H10 Electron Volt 7.89 Styrene C8H8 8.46 Methyl Ethyl Ketone
12.61 Independent Testing on a 2,400 sqft Office 3765 ug/m3 Initial Chemical Level Final Chemical Level 231 ug/m3 IAQ Applications for Phenomenal Aire Applications First and Foremost Your Home HVAC System OA Reduction Education Hospitality Worship
Veterinary Sports Arenas Restaurants Businesses Critical Environment Waiting Areas Patient Rooms Burn Center Cancer Center
TB Isolation DOD / State Dept. Day Care Centers Nursing Homes Pathogen Control in the Space! Residential Applications Benefits of Phenomenal Aire in Residential Applications VS Other IAQ Devices No Replacements Parts No Fragile glass bulbs No detectable Ozone Does not harm HVAC equipment Produces Ions in the environment Easy to install Commercial Applications
Benefits of Phenomenal Aire in Commercial Applications VS Other IAQ Devices No Replacement Parts No Fragile Bulbs No detectable Ozone Does Not Harm HVAC equipment Produces Ions in the environment Can Eliminate Sick Building Syndrome Reduces energy costs OA Does Not Control IAQ Alone! Ven la onforVOCControl 20.0 Concentra on(mg/cu.m) VOC
15.0 Source: National Institute of Standards & Technology 10.0 5.0 0.0 0 0.2 0.4 0.6
0.8 1 1.2 Ven la onRate(AC/Hr) 1.4 1.6 1.8 2 2.2
2.4 2.6 Ventilation Rate Procedure w/o Energy Recovery Unit Typical Classroom w/30 People IAQ Procedure with Energy Recovery Unit Typical Classroom w/30 People Wall Unit w/TPI Ventilation Rate Procedure w/o Energy Recovery Unit Typical Classroom w/30 People
IAQ Procedure with Energy Recovery Unit Wall Unit w/TPI Typical Classroom w/30 People The Big Picture w/ OA Reduction Atlanta Area Schools (120,000 ft) Typical First Cost Savings = $300,000 to $400,000 or $2.50/ft Typical Annual Energy Savings = $48,000 or $0.40/ft TPI Adds VALUE Not Cost!
System Comparison Summary 450 CFM OA No *ERU or IAQP & Filtration 3.10 T 150 CFM OA using IAQP & filtration 1.04 T 450 CFM OA with *ERU 1.00 T 150 CFM OA with *ERU & IAQP &Filtration 0.33 T *ERU Energy Recovery Unit Benefits of Needlepoint Bi-Polar Ionization Lower First Cost
Increased Ion Concentration Increased Energy Savings No Replacement Parts Required Improved IAQ Mold, Bacteria & Virus Control Static Electricity Control Odor Control No Harm to HVAC Equipment Reduced Allergens Compact and Fits Every Application Essentially No Maintenance Overview of the History of IAQ Devices Other IAQ Devices UV Light generator. These generate UV Light to kill germs and other living organisms, as UV light is
harmful to all living things. They usually can achieve a very high kill-rate in non-moving to slow moving systems. The kill rates are dependent on UV light intensity and contact time. Just like UV light can damage your skin on bright days during long exposure, it does little to your skin in very short exposures. UV light systems cannot work without seeing or contacting the material (ie. Spore, bacteria, virus, etc.) However, they do not remove dust particulates, odors, gases (e.g. VOCs or volatile organic compounds). This type of IAQ device is typically used to keep mold on the coils. It will do a good job on the areas it directly shines on, while other areas might see mold growth. Most manufacturers require the UV light remain continually on to help extend the life of the expensive bulb. Also, the remnants of the dead germs, fungi or pollen that have been killed by UV radiation would be recirculated back into the air. The UV lights must be replaced periodically. The UV lights are known to degrade any polymeric material it shines on in the HVAC system due to the lack of UV absorbers in these
polymers ( plastics, vinyl, etc.) Other IAQ Devices Photocatalytic generator. These devices shine UV light onto Titanium Dioxide ( TiO2 ) which produces OH radicals. OH radicals are extremely reactive and only last a milisecond. These devices have the same advantages and disadvantages as UV devices. However, the Hydroxyl radicals will react with pathogens, odor and VOCs to control these contaminants. In general this class is weak in protection against particulate matter, which is the major contaminant in a haze situation. The UV lights must be replaced periodically and will degrade polymers. Ozonizer. These generate ozone in order to kill germs, remove odor & VOCs. They are usually quite successful in doing this. However, because ozone is itself a dangerous contaminant (as listed by the US EPA and Singapore's National Environmental Agency), this should only be used in low traffic areas (like rubbish dumps) never used in indoor applications where people live, work, play, etc. The bulbs must be replaced every year or so.
More IAQ Devices Advanced Hydrated Photocatalytic Oxidation technology Basically, it is a broad spectrum high intensity UV light, targeted on a patentpending quad-nano Xtreme quad metallic catalyst, in a moist atmosphere. This will produce hydroxyl and super oxide ions. Low moisture will produce lower ions. These are typically installed on the supply side which provide no treatment for the coils. They are also continuous on operation to extend bulb life. This technology produces ozone and UV bulb must be replaced every 2-3 years. Same problems with UV polymer degradation. More IAQ Devices Electret or electrostatic filter. These filters are given
a permanent electrostatic charge which traps dust particles. The most common filters of this type are 3M filters, and some filters made to be fitted into the aircon. Their maximum efficiency is normally only 60% of a True HEPA, with the actual operating efficiency is far lower, usually lower than that of a HEPA-type filter. But they are cheaper to maintain. Electronic air cleaner. These work in a similar way with electret filters, but are made of aluminum, and use electricity to charge the plates. Like the electret, their maximum efficiency is normally only 60% of a True HEPA, with the actual operating efficiency being far lower. Their advantage is that they are washable, so there are some savings. Their disadvantage is that they produce ozone, which is a contaminant, and they produce sparks and pops during operation More IAQ Devices
Activated carbon filter. This is usually used as a prefilter (i.e. the filter used to trap larger particles to extend the lifespan of main filters), because of its usually low filtration rate. It is strong in removing odour. However, do check how thick and big the filter is, as some versions of carbon filters are so "sparse" that their effectiveness is extremely low. Old Plasma Ion Tube Technology ( Bi-Polar Ionization) plasma cluster ion technology using UV glass tubes with wire mesh over tubes to create ions. High voltage is applied to UV tube which discharges to the metal sleeve. This creates ions and ozone. The problem is in reducing the voltage to reduce ozone, will create lower amount of ions. Tubes have to be replaced every 1-2 years. Technology Comparison Does unit create detectable ozone Does unit require fragile glass tubes Does unit require replacement tubes
How often do tubes need to be replaced What is the approximate cost of replacement tubes Does unit kill bacteria, viruses, mold, fungus Does unit have to see bacteria, viruses, etc. to work Does unit eliminate odor and smoke Does unit neutralize VOCs and Allergens Does unit aid conventional particle filtration Does unit eliminate static electricity Can unit be mounted in air supply Can unit be mounted in return air Can unit operated from 24 VAC Can unit be submerged in water Can unit be mounted in a ductless split Does unit HARM HVAC equipment
TPI Phenomena l Aire No No No NA Corona Discharge Ion Yes Yes Yes 1-2 yrs UV Technology
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes
No Yes Yes No No Yes No No No No No No No Yes Yes No No
Yes No Maybe Yes Yes Maybe Yes Specifications and Installation of the Phenomenal Aire Series C6.0 CPG IAQ Device
TPI Phenomenal Aire Series C 6.0 CPG Specifications Air Flow Capacity 0 to 6,000 CFM per unit Voltage 24VAC Pressure Drop < 0.05 WC Power Consumption 12 VA Needlepoint Probe Length 6 Frequency 50 60 Hz Electrode Carbon Resin Air Flow Sensing - Integral Temperature Range -20F to 140F Ionization Generation Needlepoint Bi-Polar Ionization Humidity Range 0-99% Ion Status - Green LED
Mounting Box ABS UL 94 Plastic Weight 5 lbs Power Head Dimensions 5 Diameter x 3.5 Hi Warranty = 2 years Made in the USA Installation Installation Duct Mounting Mount TPI Series C6.0 CPG so the needlepoints ( tips in black bar ) are perpendicular ( 90 degrees ) to the direction of the air flow preferably on the return side of the coils, just before the coils. Arrow on bottom of canister should point in the direction of the air flow. Before installing please turn off blower motor Disconnect power to the air handler in which the product will mount
Drill a 2.0 hole in the duct, preferably before the cooling coil, but after a prefilter. Do not mount the product before a filter as the filter will stop the ions. Honeywell Wiring Diagram Unscrew top of TPI Series C6.0 CPG while holding the base in place Fasten TPI Series C6.0 CPG to the ductwork through two dog ears or hole markings inside housing using the two self tapping sheet metal screws. Thread power supply wires through supplied fitting nut and then through one of the two holes on the side of housing. Make sure to use the hole that allows for easy sight of LED light. Use supplied plug to seal the hole not in use. Feed wire through the other half of the fitting. Screw the two pieces of the fitting together. ( nut on inside of housing and second piece on outside ). The installer may use Heyco liquid tight tubing (provided by others) or as local codes require
based on the installation location. Connect wires to blower motor terminals making sure the hot side (+24VAC) is connected to the red wire inside housing. Polarity on this unit is important because it is a DC unit. Connect the black wire to ground or the neutral wire. Screw cover onto housing by holding the housing with one hand and the lid with the other. Fasten cover to housing with zip tie. Return power to blower motor. Green LED on TPI Series C6.0 CPG should be on, indicating unit is properly working. If you must mount to duct board follow these instructions. I suggest using supplied toggle bolt since it will have a large surface area when expanded inside the duct. You would need to unscrew the bolt from the wing structure, place the bolt through the mounting tabs, one on each side of the housing, then start the bolt back into the wing structure. You will then need to drill a hole large enough for the wing structure to
fit through when folded up and push it through. Then screw down the bolt until the unit is snug. Warnings Do not touch electrodes or needles while operating shock may occur Do not use an extension cord to plug in the product Always disconnect power before installing or servicing Always disconnect power before attempting to replace the fuse The product should not be installed behind a suspended floor/ceiling or a structural wall This product is suitable for installing into a duct of metallic or fiber duct board Follow all local and national electric codes when wiring UL 867 Products tested by Intertek/ETL to prove compliance to UL 867. UL 867 Section 37.2.1. "The test is to be conducted in a chamber having a
volume of 950-1100 cubic feet with a minimum side dimension of 8 feet and a maximum height dimension of 10 feet..." New UL 867 as of December 21, 2007 requires ozone peak and chamber testing GPS results: Peak Ozone: 0.0042 PPM @ 2.0 inches from needles Chamber: 0.007 PPM (24 hour test) Max Allowed Limit: 0.05 PPM TPI is 1/7 of the allowable limit! This is specifiable and all manufacturers should comply! In Conclusion Phenomenal Aire
Outperforms the Competition Cost Comparable or less than the Competition Requires no replacement Parts Produces No Detectable Ozone Does Not Harm HVAC Equipment Has an Excellent quality Record Has a 2 Year Warranty You want Phenomenal Aire in your Home or Business. You want Phenomenal Aire!!! Top Product Innovations Saving Energy. Saving Lives You want Phenomenal Aire in your Home or Business
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