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Vocabulary - Watercolor Techniques WRITE THESE DOWN IN THE BACK OF YOUR SKETCHBOOK Wet on Wet - Adding pigment (Wet Color) to an already wet surface. Also known as a Wash. Wet on Dry Adding wet pigment to a dry surface. This is the best way to get a hard-edge shape. Drybrush Adding a drier pigment (Color) with a dry brush to a dry surface. (Good for producing texture) Dry on Wet Drybrushing over a wet or even dry wash. If the wash is still wet you will get soft-edges to your lines.

Vocabulary - Pattern Pattern A Principle of Design. The repeating of an object or symbols. An underlying structure that organizes surfaces or structures in a consistent regular manner. The skeleton that organizes a composition. Types of Pattern Geometric, Repetition, Alternating, Organic, Flow, Branching, Vocabulary Line

Line An Element of Art. Marks or connections that span a distance between two points, mark-making. A line has a width, direction, and length. Contour Line a line or set of lines enclosing or indicating the shape of an object (or groups of smaller objects) in a sketch or diagram. Bold Line Thick Lines/Strokes that hold attention. Quiet Line Lighter and thinner lines that

hold less attention, but serve as careful and sometimes essential detailing. Line AttributesDraw examples next to the attribute. Long Thin Short Broken

Rough Direction Smooth Angle Thick Curve Pure Line Line

that varies little in thickness. Plain and consistent. Expressive Line Line that appears to spring from an artists emotions. Loose and Gestural. Implied Line

Lost and Found. A line that comes in and out of visibility but follows the same path. Also the path the viewers eye takes in a composition. Hatching is a series of lines stacked or layered parallel to one another. They can curve as well.

The more you layer the more value you can create. Cross-Hatching lines stacked both parallel and perpendicular to one another. Scumbling- Shading technique that use the layering of short curved lines to build value.

Directional Shading- Shading along the contours of and object to create the illusion of form. Color Vocabulary Color An element of art that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye. Hue the color name. Intensity the strength or vividness of a color Value the lightness or darkness of a color.

Primary Colors Red, Blue, Yellow Secondary Colors Made by mixing two primary colors. Green, Violet, Orange Tertiary Colors- Made by mixing a primary and a secondary color. Yellow-Green, Blue-Violet, RedOrange, etc.

Monochromatic Using different tints and shades of a single hue (color). Analogoususing colors next to each other on the color wheel. Complimentary Color- Color opposite

each other on a color wheel. Think Broncos, Vikings, Christmas. SplitComplimentaryUsing one color and two colors adjacent to its compliment. Split-Complimentary Split-Complimentary Tips for mixing color:

Start with no more than a quarter size round of paint. (A little paint goes a surprisingly long way.) Start with a lighter color and slowly mix in small amounts of the darker color to create a new swatch. Mixing

a color with its compliment will dull the color or eventually create a brown. Certain color are more concentrated then others, for example: Orange is mixed with mostly yellow and a little Drawing Vocab Layout Drawing- Light drawing done in the initial stages of a realistic drawing. Meant to be erased

and corrected while finding shape and form. Draw what you see not what you know. Angles and Curves- Taking time to find the correct angles and curves during your layout drawing will give you the best results. Horizontal and Vertical Alignments Find distinguishable features in a drawing and aligning with other features vertical or horizontally. Aided

by the use of guidelines or grids. Drawing Vocab Block-In Using notional space boxes and envelopes to place items in a drawing. Notional Space Height and Width of an object. Can be measured with your pencil. I call it boxing.

Envelope Object broken down into basic shape by finding big angles/ curves. Drawing Vocab Directional Shading- Shading along the contours of an object. Creates the illusion of form (3-D Shapes).

Value Scale- Gray scale. Tool used to show a gradual shift from dark to light. Shadow Shapes- Outer shape of a shadow area. Dark shadow shapes are easier to see, but light shadow areas create these shapes as well. Gesture

Drawing - a laying in of the action, form, and pose of a model/figure. Typical situations involve an artist drawing a series of poses taken by a model in a short amount of time, often as little as 10 seconds, or as long as 5 minutes. Essence-the intrinsic nature or indispensable quality of something, especially something abstract, that determines its character

Printmaking Terms Printmaking The process of preparing a block, plate, stencil, or screen for to create and image that can typically be reproduced. Series or Edition- A run of prints. Anywhere from a few to thousands depending on

the process and the artist. Print The actual picture produced from any of the printmaking processes. Types of Printing Relief Printing Printmaking technique in which the image is

printed from a raised surface, usually produced by cutting away non-image material Etching The opposite of a relief print. The design is produced by pressing into metal or plastic . The ink is held in the low part of the

image. The image is inked, the surface is cleaned, and the etching portion will print. Silkscreen A print made by forcing ink through a stencil attached to woven mesh.

Tools Gouges In relief printing, a tool for clearing non-image areas from a block of wood or linoleum. Brayer plate. Roller used to apply ink to a block or Baren

- A round, smooth pad, either flat or slightly convex, used to press paper against an inked wood or linoleum block to lift an impression from the block. Bench Hook A wooden plate with raised edges used to hold the plate while printing. Materials Block-

A piece of material that hold the design to be printed. Wood or linoleum in relief printing. Called a plate when etching and engraving metal or plastic. Ink- Coloring material composed of pigment (color) , a binder, and a vehicle. Ink is usually thicker than most paints, and has a slower drying rate. Cardboard Collage Sustained Investigation

The process of working with a medium or a process enough so that new ideas and possibles begin to present themselves. It takes a focused approach and experimentation. Contrast Creating differences in an artwork whether in value, texture, color, or busy and simple use of space.

Unity Opposite of contrast. Creating sameness. Low Relief The process of carving or building off of a surface. To create a 3D effect. Mostly used in printmaking to build the block from which an image is pulled. Think of a stamp. Thats low relief!

Usually does not change with viewing angle. High Relief - The process of removing a large portion of material from a block. Or building off of a surface to create an image or sculpture. These images read

almost like a 2-D images, but will change as your viewing angle changes.

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