Thoughts on an SPI for AdLIGO SPI: Suspension Point ...
Thoughts on an SPI for AdLIGO SPI: Suspension Point Interferometer, or Seismic Platform Interferometer with Rana Adhikari and Matt Evans Goal: significantly reduce arm velocity for lock acquisition Lock acquisition comparison Relative velocity Arm finesse Mass Force F/M (m/sec^2) 0.5-1 um/sec
200 10 kg 25 mN 2.5 milli 40m 0.5 um/sec 1100 1 kg 7 mN 7 milli
Ad LIGO 0.3 um/sec 1100 40 kg 0.02 mN 0.5 micro Initial LIGO How much force is needed? Rough estimate of force needed to lock an arm: Force * Time = Mass * velocity Time = lambda / finesse / v F = M * (finesse / lambda) * v2
= 4000 uN, vs 20 uN available SPI Some sort of easy interferometry between corner and ends: 1 DOF (each arm) Low finesse cavity Michelson Feedback to end station, to the same point that is sensed (SEI or SUS) Performance guess: 5-10 Hz bandwidth Factor of 100 reduction of relative velocity Residual motion would be comparable to arm cavity linewidth Limited by cross-coupling of other DOF to test masses Sensing limits at 1 nm level Frequency fluctuations: ~100 Hz Use the same laser source, or something whose frequency is
locked to it at this level Power fluctuations, allowing for non-zero locking point: dP/P ~ 1e-3 Where and how to sense TM-to-TM, with different color beam Frequency needs to be tied to main beam, could double to 532nm Needs to be co-aligned with main beam to ~1 urad Mirror coating requirements PM-to-PM Could use sample of main beam: frequency shift it with an AOM Optic is there, with controls Only have ~0.1 urad of angle control on ETMs
Would it screw up the suspension local damping? UIM-to-UIM (or top-mass to top-mass) Controls exist, would need to add optic Enough control further down for main beam SEI platform Would need to add orientation-controllable mirrors Size of SPI beam Make smaller in corner station, allow to double in size at end station Waist = 2.8 cm, 5.6 cm at end Optic size: Mirror diam / beam radius Power transmission
Mirror diam, corner Mirror diam, ends Pi 99% 8.8 cm (4) 17.6 cm (7) 2.5 95% 7 cm (3)
14 cm (6) 2 86% 5.6 cm (3) 11.2 cm (5) Considerations Motivated here by lock acquisition of the arms What about while the interferometer is locked? running in low noise mode? Would it be useful to design the SPI so that it can be run at these times as well? What about SPI between chambers in the corner station?
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