Theory of Knowledge - Ms. Keeler's Haunt

Theory of Knowledge - Ms. Keeler's Haunt

Theory of Knowledge How do you know what you think you know? Aims Make connections between a critical approach to the construction of knowledge, the academic disciplines and the wider world Develop an awareness of how individuals and communities construct knowledge and how this is critically examined

Develop an interest in the diversity and richness of cultural perspectives and an awareness of personal and ideological assumptions Critically reflect on their own beliefs and assumptions, leading to more thoughtful, responsible and purposeful lives Understand that knowledge brings responsibility which leads to commitment and action.

Assessments External Essay Internal Presentation Maximum of 1,600 words Individual or Group (limit of 3) On a prescribed title

10 minutes per member You must submit a planning document in order to present What is this course? Instead of learning and regurgitating a specific body of knowledge, TOK challenges you to assess HOW you know what you know. It forces you to think critically about the process and ramifications of knowledge.

You will analyze knowledge questions and knowledge claims. You will distinguish between shared and personal knowledge. You will focus on the ways of knowing via specific areas of knowledge. You will apply this process to the real world. Remember the Map Knowledge Questions Throughout our study, we will be posing these types of

questions. These are questions about each facet (area/way) of knowledge: What counts as evidence for X? What makes a good explanation for Y? How do we judge the best model of W? How can we be sure of F? What does theory L mean in the real world? How do we know it is right to do Z?

Ways of Knowing Language Sense Perception Emotion Reason Imagination Faith Intuition Memory You will study four of the eight in-depth. You will both distinguish among the eight and surmise how they work in conjunction

to shape knowledge. Areas of Knowledge These are specific branches of knowledge: Mathematics The Natural Sciences The Human Sciences The Arts History Ethics Religious Knowledge Systems

Indigenous Knowledge Systems You will study six of the eight. Topic Take five minutes. Describe the smells, sounds, and tastes of Thanksgiving dinner. Be specific and sensory. Instead of saying, the taste of turkey, say something like, the dry meat that turns to sawdust as I chew

Share your descriptions with the person to your right. Personal Knowledge Empiricism: Knowledge through personal experience Sensory (how do mashed potatoes taste?) Rationalism: Using reason to approach knowledge I think, therefore I am. Decartes This is individual and fluid Personal knowledge is made up of:

skills and procedural knowledge that I have acquired through practice and habituation what I have come to know through experience in my life beyond academia Shared Knowledge This is more systematic and is not dependent on a specific individual. It is bound and defined by groups. It is fluid and changes over time. Creating a Computer Although we may know how to use a manual to assemble an entire computer with all of

its intricate pieces, it is unlikely that one specific person can build a computer from scratch. We use shared knowledge to build it. A person creates the screen, the keyboard, the motherboard, the modem; another assembles the pieces. Thanksgiving Go back to the activity where you described Thanksgiving dinner Try to determine if your knowledge of it is Shared or Individual A Balance of Shared and Personal Knowledge Most of your descriptions are based on both shared and personal

knowledge. This is the balance we are going to try to create in TOK: How do we know what we know both through those areas that are personal: memory, intuition, emotion, imagination and sense perception? How do we know what we know through those shared areas: language, reason, and faith? Knowledge Unit Our first unit will ask you to deconstruct knowledge and its facets so that

you can succeed in the remainder of the course.

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