The Writing Center Presents:

The Writing Center Presents:

The Writing Center Presents: Run-on Sentences and Fragments Developed by Joy Patterson Fragments Definition A sentence fragment is a part of a sentence

that is written as if it were a whole sentence, with a capital letter at the beginning and a period, question mark, or exclamation point at the end. A fragment lacks a subject, a complete verb, or both. Or a fragment may begin with a subordinating word such as because, which indicates that it depends for its meaning on another sentence.

Fragment without a Subject Example: Marie Antoinette spent huge sums of money on herself and her favorites. Helped bring on the French Revolution. Correct: Her extravagance helped bring on the French Revolution

Fragment Without a Verb Example: The old aluminum boat sitting on its trailer. Correct: The old aluminum boat was sitting on its trailer. Fragment Beginning with a Subordinate Word

Example: We returned to the drugstore. Where we waited for our buddies. Correct: We returned to the drugstore, where we waited for our buddies. Eliminating Fragments You can eliminate sentence fragments in one of two ways: Either add the missing subject

or verb (or both) to turn the fragment into a sentence or incorporate the fragment into a nearby sentence. Run-On Sentences Definition A run-on sentence includes independent clauses that have not been joined

correctly. An independent clause includes a subject and predicate and can stand alone as a complete sentence. Two or more independent clauses may be joined in one sentence in they are linked in one of these ways: With a comma and a coordinating

conjunctions (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so With a semicolon, colon, dash Examples: Run-ons and Fused Sentences There are two types of run-on sentences: a fused sentence and a comma splice. A fused sentence

lacks either punctuation or a coordinating conjunction. Example: Everyone was asked to give an opinion on the plane, Mr. Smith was out of town. Comma Splice A comma splice happens when two

independent clauses are joined (or spliced) by a comma without coordinating conjunctions. Example: Professional athletes can earn huge salaries, some are paid millions of dollars a year. The Writing Center Contact Info

Prairie View A&M Writing Center Hilliard Hall, Room 118 http://www.pvamu.edu/pages/ 4399.asp (936)261-3724 [email protected]

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