The Wallace Foundation

The Wallace Foundation

Education Leadership: Evidence and Implications Bob Bender, a principal in NYC, working with teachers. The Wallace Foundation Presentation at the US Department of Education August 27, 2018 Todays discussion The Wallace Foundation Impact of principals and other school leaders Principal pipelines and preparation How states are investing in strengthening school leadership and using ESSA to do it Discussion

2 About The Wallace Foundation The mission of The Wallace Foundation is to foster improvements in learning and enrichment for disadvantaged children and the vitality of the arts for everyone. We work with grantee partners to develop -- then broadly share -evidence-based, practical insights in our focus areas 3 Current work in education leadership in 20 states and Washington, D.C. Minnesota

New York Oregon Wisconsin Connecticut Pennsylvania Nebraska Iowa Ohio Kentucky Colorado Missouri California

Tennessee Maryland D.C. Virginia North Carolina Oklahoma Georgia Florida 4 Wallaces policy engagement principles Full compliance with the law, in letter and spirit Say more only as we know more

Support flexible approaches that allow for adaptation to local context 5 Todays discussion The Wallace Foundation Impact of principals and other school leaders Principal pipelines and preparation How states are investing in strengthening school leadership and using ESSA to do it Discussion 6 Wallace has funded a wide array of research on school leadership

7 30+ studies on school leadership meet ESSA evidence requirements 18 meet Tiers I through III evidence requirements Key conclusions: School leadership can be a powerful driver of improved education outcomes. Activities designed to improve school leadership demonstrate positive impact on student, teacher, and principal outcomes. Source: School Leadership Interventions Under the Every Student Succeeds Act Evidence Review, Rebecca Herman, et al, RAND, 2016 8

Principals are key to student learning Principals are second only to classroom instruction among all school-related factors that contribute to what students learn at school. -- How Leadership Influences Student Learning, Kenneth Leithwood, et al, University of Minnesota, University of Toronto, 2004 Principals are multipliers of effective teaching. -- Developing Excellent School Principals to Advance Teaching and Learning: Considerations for State Policy, Paul Manna, The Wallace Foundation, 2015 Students in a science class at Pittsburgh Public Schools.

9 Principals are key to retaining good teachers Teacher turnover is lower in schools led by high-quality principals. Research further indicates that principal turnover leads to lower teacher retention and lower gains for students. -- School Leadership Interventions Under the Every Student Succeeds Act: Evidence Review, Rebecca Herman, et al, RAND, 2016 Principal effectiveness is associated with greater teacher satisfaction and a lower probability that the teacher leaves the school within a year. Moreover, the positive impacts of principal effectiveness on these teacher outcomes are even

greater in disadvantaged schools. -- Can Good Principals Keep Teachers in Disadvantaged Schools? Linking Principal Effectiveness to Teacher Satisfaction and Turnover in Hard-to-Staff Environments, Jason A. Grissom, Teachers College Record, 2011 10 Principals are critical to improving struggling schools there are virtually no documented instances of troubled schools being turned around without intervention by a powerful leader. Many other factors may contribute to such turnarounds, but leadership is the catalyst. There seems little doubt that both district

and school leadership provides a critical bridge between most educational-reform initiatives, and having those reforms make a genuine difference for all students. -- How Leadership Influences Student Learning, Kenneth Leithwood, et al, University of Minnesota, University of Toronto, 2004 11 Todays discussion The Wallace Foundation Impact of principals and other school leaders Principal pipelines and preparation How states are investing in strengthening school leadership and using ESSA to do it Discussion

12 Context: The evolution of initiatives in education leadership Original Question: Do principals matter in strengthening K-12 education? Emerging Question I: Can a school district build a pipeline of effective principals, and would students benefit? 2000-2010 2011-2017

First Generation Principal Pipeline Initiative 15 states; 15 districts Lessons 6 districts Principal Superviso r Initiative (8 districts)

Universit y Principal Preparati on Initiative (7 universitie s& partners) 13 The Principal Pipeline Leadersh ip standard s

Highquality aspiring leader training programs Selective hiring Evaluatio n and onthe-job support High quality Leader Tracking Systems Aligned

In support of district reform agenda 14 Principal pipelines benefit both districts and new principals Districts can do it The benefits for both districts and new principals are substantial Leader standards are important Leader evaluation systems seen as fair Mentors and principal supervisors are the most valued supports among Source: novice The Principal principals

Pipeline Initiative in Action, Building a Stronger Principalship Vol. 5, Brenda Turnbull, et al, Policy Studies Associates, 2016; Building Principal Pipelines, The Wallace Foundation, 2017. 15 Principal pipelines are cost effective Because of leaders influence on schools, efforts to improve their recruitment, training, evaluation and ongoing development should be considered highly cost-effective approaches to successful school improvement. How Leadership Influences Student Learning, Kenneth Leithwood, et al, University of Minnesota, University of Toronto, 2004 New RAND study finds principal pipelines are affordable Pipelines are 0.4% of annual district budgets, according to study of six districts

Minimal cost for two quick wins leader standards and selective hiring Coaching/Mentoring: Average cost $1,500 per principal -- Source: What it Takes to Operate and Maintain Principal Pipelines, Julia H. Kaufman, et al, RAND, 2017 16 Principal supervisors play an important role in supporting principals Principals need support from principal supervisors, including relevant evaluation, in order to maximize their impact A focus on strengthening teaching and learning is crucial Representative survey of principals nationwide

finds principals value their supervision and mentoring more when its focused on instruction 86% of principals in six urban districts who were advised to improve received support to do so from their supervisors D.C. Principal Supervisor Janice Harris visits with third-graders at HydeAddison Elementary School prior to discussing instruction with the principal. Source: Support for Instructional Leadership, RAND, 2016; and Evaluating and Supporting Principals, Building a Stronger Principalship, Volume 4, Policy Studies Associates, 2016 17 A New Role for Principal Supervisors It is feasible to change the principal

supervisor role from a focus on operations and compliance to a focus on developing principals to be effective instructional leaders Participating districts reduced the number of principals being supervised by a principal supervisor from an average of 17 to 12 Principal Supervisors spent, on average, 63% of time in schools and/or meetings with principals Principals reported little tension between supervisors role in coaching and evaluation This resulted in several reorganizations of central office also to support principals Source: Goldring, Grissom, et. Al., A New Role Emerges for Principal Supervisors, July 2018. 18 The leader preparation redesign model

States with supportive or neutral 7policies university programs TA, PL C 5 exemplary prep programs 21+ Districts that employ graduates Evaluation Conferences to share lessons with nongrantees 19

Lessons we are learning about principal preparation On-going partnerships (interdependencies) are essential Benchmarking against evidence challenges long-held assumptions Local Theories of Action and Logic Models help clarify mutual visions and program/district goals Convening teams across the initiative provides critical friends feedback and a sense of larger national importance Project leadership is important; support at high levels needed 20 The clinical experience Moves from shadowing to leading Candidates experience apprenticeships where they

undertake leadership roles under the guidance of a mentor Districts collaborate to provide the best experience for each aspiring leader Learning is continuously evaluated May be a full time year or incorporated into all courses 21 Todays discussion The Wallace Foundation Impact of principals and other school leaders and their preparation Principal pipelines and preparation How states are investing in strengthening school leadership and using ESSA to do it

Discussion 22 Growing recognition of the importance of school leadership The Education Commission of the States reports that 37 states introduced or passed legislation related to school leadership in 2017 48 states have adopted or adapted voluntary national leader standards 12 states have adopted the 2015 national Professional Standards for Educational Leaders (PSEL) 23 ESSA is being used by states to strengthen leadership

All 50 states (plus DC and Puerto Rico) have included school leadership in their ESSA plans (New Leaders: 2018) 24 states are using ESSA Title II Part A optional 3% set-aside for school leadership for: Leadership academies, especially skills to turn around highneeds schools University-district partnerships to develop new programs Networks of learning communities among districts and local communities Improving principals teacher evaluation skills Programs for principal supervisors 24 ESSA Leadership Learning Community 10 participating states with teams from: SEA, urban districts, other districts, civil rights community, universities Each state working on its own local priorities for improving principals and other school leaders to turn around the highestneeds schools. Examples:

Tennessees Leadership for Equity Playbook Minnesotas learning networks to support high-needs schools in partnering with local communities to tackle specific inequities, such as discipline policies and access to rigorous coursework National partnership among Wallace, Council of Chief State School Officers, Council of the Great City Schools and the National Urban League 25 Floridas Approach: FAU in the lead A task force led by FAU called SELECT, composed of stakeholders from all different sectors of Florida, for the Florida Department of Education that is creating a report with recommendations for Commissioner Pam Stewart to create a vision for and focus on educational leadership as the lever for state-wide school improvement measured by student learning and performance FAU has been recognized by SELECT and the FLDOE as exemplar in demonstrating the kind of deep partnership with districts and with the State that is needed to develop and provide

professional learning to the entire continuum of leadership development from teacher leader to principal supervisor (i.e., instructional coaches, deans, assistant principals, principals, assistant superintendents, etc.) FAU is developing a continuum of professional learning in partnership with Broward, Palm Beach, Martin, and St. Lucie. These partnerships with our service districts are exemplary and unparalleled by the other university programs in Florida. In partnership with the FLDOE, FAU is building an assessment for principal certification FAU is looking at leveraging our UPPI successes for continued funding to enhance the quality of the work we want to build on and further test the continuous improvement model and various components we have built and are sustaining as well as developing new programs that include things like further incorporation of social emotional learning, micro credentials, and full-time apprenticeships. 26 For more evidence and information wallacefoundation.org

27

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • SUPERFAMILY TRICHUROIDEA - Media Storage Medisch

    SUPERFAMILY TRICHUROIDEA - Media Storage Medisch

    There is an acute interstitial inflammation about the parasitized muscle fiber, which reaches its peak in five or six weeks, with edematous swelling, and cellular infiltration of polymorphonuclear neutrophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes, and at times foreign body giant cells.
  • Quinolonas - Orizondo

    Quinolonas - Orizondo

    Ciprofloxacina es la más activa frente a la pseudomonaaeruginosa. Actividad antibacteriana (3) Tercera generación: Tienen mejor actividad frente a gram negativos que los de la segunda generación y presentan mayor actividad frente a gram positivos, anaerobios , pseudomonaaeruginosa y ...
  • Machine Learning: Overview

    Machine Learning: Overview

    Quiz 1 on Wednesday ~20 multiple choice or short answer questions In class, full period Only covers material from lecture, with a bias towards topics not covered by projects Study strategy: Review the slides and consult textbook to clarify confusing...
  • San Jose Announcements - ACN Inc.

    San Jose Announcements - ACN Inc.

    Standalone High Speed Internet Important Things to Remember! Confirmation and communication of High Speed Internet availability may take up to 2 business days to communicate to the customer In some areas, ACN High Speed Internet may not be available even...
  • Historical perspective of world tourism - Ms. Zolpis' Classes

    Historical perspective of world tourism - Ms. Zolpis' Classes

    Historical perspective of world tourism. The substantial growth of the tourism activity clearly marks tourism as one of the most remarkable economic and social phenomena of the past century. The number of international arrivals shows an evolution from a mere...
  • West Africa - Mr. Tchakerian's Memorial HS Courses

    West Africa - Mr. Tchakerian's Memorial HS Courses

    Physical Geography of West Africa. The Ebrié Lagoon is the largest lagoon in West Africa with a surface area of 218 square miles. Lagoons run parallel to the shoreline of many West African nations. In the south-central part of West...
  • Chapter 3: Human-wildlife Conflict and Wildlife Abundance ...

    Chapter 3: Human-wildlife Conflict and Wildlife Abundance ...

    CHAPTER 3: HUMAN-WILDLIFE CONFLICT AND WILDLIFE ABUNDANCE: ASSESSING WILDLIFE DENSITY AND ABUNDANCE ON MAUNGU RANCH * Wildlife Abundance in Kasigau An Integral Part of CBE Dispersal area for wildlife (Maina 2004) Tsavo East and West National Parks Mt. Kasigau, an...
  • GANT VOPaaS Towards a platform for supporting collaboration

    GANT VOPaaS Towards a platform for supporting collaboration

    Typically operates number of SPs. Many VOs have chosen to build the AAI infrastructure using the eduGAIN. Identity Federations and Identity providers are however traditionally focused on campus use cases, which introduces a number of challenges in leveraging Federated AAI...