The Renaissance

The Renaissance

The Renaissance (1450-1600) The Renaissance This time period was known as a rebirth of human creativity. Period of world exploration: Columbus, de Gama, and Magellan Rise of individualism and art

Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo Culture modeled after ancient Greece and Rome The World in 1400 Musical Changes in the Renaissance Every educated person was trained in music Church choirs grew in size

Musical activity shifted from churches to courts Composers began receiving credit for their work Characteristics of Renaissance Music: Texture Mostly polyphonic in nature (multiple melodies of equal importance)

Richer harmonies than in the Middle Ages This period is known as the Golden Age of ACapella (unaccompanied choral music) Sacred Music in the Renaissance Two main forms are the motet and the mass. Mass- choral work set to a specific text called the ordinary:

1. Kyrie 2. Gloria 3. Credo 4. Sanctus 5. Agnus Dei Motet- choral work set to any sacred Latin text other than the mass text. Ave Maria... Virgo Serena Four-voice motet by Josquin Desprez Varied texture based on how many voices are singing at once.

Giovanni Palestrina and the Mass 1525-1594 Held several important church music jobs Wrote 104 masses and over 450 other sacred choral works The simplicity and beauty of

his works reflected the churchs desire to be able to focus on the words and not overly ornate singing. Pope Marcellus Mass: Kyrie Palestrinas most famous mass For six-voice a capella choir As you listen, focus on the simplicity of the

music that enables the words to be heard. Secular Vocal Music in the Renaissance An important form was the madrigal, a piece for several voices set to a short poem. Uses word painting and unusual harmonies

Often about love As Vesta Was From Latmos Hill Descending 1601 madrigal by Thomas Weelkes Written to honor Queen Elizabeth I, known as Oriana. Listen for word painting, such as:

downward motion on descending. Voices moving downward on running down 2 voices on two by two, 3 voices on three by three, etc One voice on all alone Instrumental Music Instrumental music was

gaining importance Most instrumental music was intended for court dancing Very formal, for etiquette and socialization There was no standardized orchestra- people used

what instruments were available. Basse Danse and Branle Gay Two Renaissance dances Listen to the sounds of the instruments Both in triple meter The first is slow, the second quicker

Passamezzo and Galliard 1612 Renaissance Dances by Pierre Caroubel Passamezzo was a stately dance in duple meter (two beats to a measure) Galliard is a quicker dance in triple meter

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