The Deaf Celebration of Separate Culture

The Deaf Celebration of Separate Culture

Chapter 3 The Deaf Celebration of Separate Culture Celina Biado BELLWORK! Word-search activity

SLOs Upon completion of this chapter students will be able to Understand the importance of the Gallaudet protest. Explain the difference between Oralism and ASL Discuss mainstreaming and why some

deaf people perceive this as a threat. Norms Golden Be on time Have Be

Rule FUN through learning prepared Participate The Revolution of Seen Voices 1988.

Gallaudet University, a university for the deaf, student body and alumni protest. Deaf President. Deaf Power. Roar for rebellion. Deafness Celebrate

was not a disability, but a culture. differences. Their disability will always matter. Jane Bassett Spilman Chairwoman of Gallauets board of trustees Elizabeth Zinser

I. King Jordan Lost Language, Lost Culture Marthas Vineyard first deaf resident, Jonathan Lambert (1694) Citizens lived similar lives. Deafness was ordinary, not a sickness. 19th century

1 in 25 residents in Chilmark was deaf. 1 in 4 in another neighborhood Founders of Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb, 1817 Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet Laurent Clerc Clarke School for the

Deaf, 1867 Gardiner Greene Hubbard Mabel Gardiner Hubbard Alexander Graham Bell Lost Language, Lost Culture Oralism:

Universal teaching method for the deaf to communicate using speech and lip reading rather than sign language. 1880, International Congress of Educators of the Deaf, in Milan. Mastered by those who became deaf after already having language. Educators insisted teaching oralism, deaf students academic achievement decreased.

New Methods of Instruction Cued Speech, 1966, used 14 handshapes formed near the mouth to signal a speech-reader the sound being made, in order to distinguish similarly formed words. Total Communication, 1970s,

combination of speech and signed English. Sim Com, requires teachers to sign and speak simultaneously. ASL ASL American Sign Language. Used in 1850s, taught at American Asylum for the Deaf. More effective. Students were equally literate as their

hearing peers. Not English, but has its own syntax and grammar. Separate language that belongs to people who are deaf at birth or before they learn to speak. Deaf babies using ASL can sign the same amount of words as hearing babies by the age of 5. Rarely taught today. Most teachers use a signed version of English.

Alexander Graham Bell Eugenics: Suggested laws to forbid intermarriage of deaf-mutes. Strong advocate for the deaf and believed in mainstreaming. NO to separate language and culture. Disabled people instinctively understood, prejudice cut deepest

when it came from the charitable, not from the most bigoted. Activity Group up and read about one of the following people. Discuss their ideas and its significance for the deaf movement.

Judy Heumann pg. 101 Robert Funk pg. 103

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