The Collapse of European Communism

The Collapse of European Communism

The Collapse of European Communism 1964- 1982 Brezhnev Era Very Repressive

Corruption High Complaints against regime led to imprisonment. Factors weakening

the USSR Afghanistan War 1979-1989. Economic Stagnation Corruption 1985- 1990

Gorbachev Era Attempted to revive the economy and improve the standard of living. Perestroika

The Restructuring of the Soviet Government. Encouraged private ownership and free market principles.

Glasnost Openness Allowed open criticism and debate of government policy, free press.

Back-fired as these would lead to discontented people revolting. Foreign Affairs The USSR refused to

intervene in the affairs of the Eastern European countries. The Year of Revolutions: 1989 Poland

Hungary Czechoslovakia Romania East Germany Baltic Countries Parts of the USSR

Poland Solidarity Movement leads to overthrow of communist leaders. Supported by Pope John Paul

II, a native Pole. Hungary Free Elections Czechoslovakia

Known as the Velvet Revolution. Led by Vaclav Havel. Romania Violent revolution

Overthrow of Ceausecu East Germany East German Government officials open the border. Unification agreed upon later

that year. Former USSR Provinces revolting The most important factor in the collapse of the Soviet

Union. Gorbachev Abandons the notion of a political monopoly. Loses support from people as

economy continues to stagnate. Boris Yeltsin 19901998 Attempted to move Russia quickly towards a market

economy. Democratic government. Put down attempted coup in 1991 Oligarchs

Small group of Russians who seized on the new economic organization. Heavy corruption. Struggles for Russia

1998- Russia defaulted on its international loans. Heavy corruption Political Assassinations Wealth in the hands of the few, majority remain

poor. Chechnya- Islamic Province Terror in Moscow 2002 Chechnyan Rebels took a theater of people hostage.

Demands- remove Russian troops from Chechnya. Chechan Muslims Extremists capture school in North Ossetia 1,200 hostages 330 killed

Vladimir Putin Homework Read The Collapse of Yugoslava and The Rise of

Radical Political Islam, and a Transformed West. Pages 1014- 1021. Do you think the textbook provides the reader with a fair, unbiased view of these

events in recent years? Why or why not?

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