(Textbook) Behavior in Organizations, 8ed (A. B. Shani)

(Textbook) Behavior in Organizations, 8ed (A. B. Shani)

Chapter 16 Human Resource Management 16 - 3 Human Resource Management Different approaches to staffing policy Foreign postings - Why do managers fail? - How can they increase their chances of success? The role of training, management development, and compensation practices in IB McGraw-Hill/Irwin Global Business Today, 4/e 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. 16 - 4

Human Resource Management Activities aimed at effective use of human resources - Staffing, management development, performance evaluation, compensation Process complexity increases across borders - Environmental differences of: labor markets, culture, legal systems, economic systems - HR differences: compensation practices, labor laws, motivation issues McGraw-Hill/Irwin Global Business Today, 4/e 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. 16 - 5 Staffing and International Strategy Staffing Philosophy

Ethnocentric key overseas positions staffed by home managers Strategy Fit (??) International Polycentric Multidomestic key overseas positions staffed by local managers Geocentric Global and Transnational best for job gets it

McGraw-Hill/Irwin Global Business Today, 4/e Pros Cons puts qualified managers in place creates global culture transfer of core competences alleviates cultural myopia inexpensive to implement local manager resentment

cultural myopia immigration barriers costly uses HR efficiently builds strong global culture and informal management network limits career mobility isolates HQ from overseas subs costly immigration barriers

2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. 16 - 6 Expatriate Managers Failure Rates (in order of importance) US MNCs 1. Spouse cannot adjust culturally 2. Manager cannot adjust culturally 3. Other family adjustment problems 4. Managers lack of personal or emotional maturity 5. Manager cannot cope with broader responsibility overseas Japanese MNCs 1. Manager cannot cope with broader responsibility overseas 2. Manager cannot adjust culturally 3. Managers lack of personal or emotional maturity

4. Lack of technical competence 5. Spouse cannot adjust culturally McGraw-Hill/Irwin Global Business Today, 4/e 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. 16 - 7 McGraw-Hill/Irwin Global Business Today, 4/e 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. 16 - 8 Expatriate Success Predictors Self-orientation - Strengthen self-esteem, self-confidence, mental well-being

- Adapt to food, music, sport, outside interests - Superior technical competency Others-orientation - Enhance ability to interact effectively with host nationals - Relationship development, willingness to communicate Perceptual ability - Understand why people in other countries behave the way they do - Non-judgmental, non-evaluative in interpreting others behavior Cultural toughness - How tough is host culture to adjust to? McGraw-Hill/Irwin Global Business Today, 4/e From: Mendenhall and Oddou 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. 16 - 9

Career Development for Expatriates Pre-departure, on-site training - Cultural training - Language training - Practical training Repatriation - Many repatriating expatriates lost to MNCs because suitable positions not available at home - Autonomy, span of control, compensation - Repatriation strategy failure makes recruitment of competent expatriates difficult McGraw-Hill/Irwin Global Business Today, 4/e 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. 16 - 10 Other Expatriate Issues

Performance appraisal - Two groups with conflicting perspectives/cultures appraise the expatriate: home managers, host managers Compensation - Different national standards - Expatriate pay issues: base pay, cost-of-living, housing, education, hardship, foreign-servicepremium, double-taxation, medical/pension benefits, home leave McGraw-Hill/Irwin Global Business Today, 4/e 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. 16 - 11 Performance Appraisal Two groups evaluate expatriate managers, both biased - Host-nation managers - Home-country managers

Home-country managers - Distance bias - No understanding of international business challenges - Hard data often obscure soft issues Host-nation managers - foreign spy syndrome - Expatriates career depends on home-country perception McGraw-Hill/Irwin Global Business Today, 4/e 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. 16 - 12 Other IHRM Issues International labor relations - Concerns of organized labor: cultural and legal differences affect attitudes towards ... Better pay, job security, working conditions Bargaining power with management

- Strategy of organized labor Establish international, cross-border labor organizations Lobby national governments to restrict MNC activities - Approach to labor relations Degree to which MNC labor relations are centralized or decentralized (integration vs responsiveness) McGraw-Hill/Irwin Global Business Today, 4/e 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved.

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