Teacher-Learner Relationship in Distance Education Delivery ...

Teacher-Learner Relationship in Distance Education Delivery ...

Designing a Mixed-Method Study to Investigate
Post-secondary Education Program Participants
Social
Inclusion
Seb MacKenzie
Prohn, Academic in the Campus Community
Coordinator
University Participant Program
Western Carolina University

Research questions:
How do UP participants conceptualize social inclusion
in their campus community?
How do UP participants evaluate their social inclusion
in their campus community?

Student Guided Participatory Art Project:
In the spring of 2012, eight UP participants took
photographs to educate the campus community about
their college experiences. The photographs were
displayed in the A.K. Hinds University Center Gallery.

How do natural supports evaluate UP participants
social inclusion in the campus community?

Preliminary Quantitative Results:
These results address research question 3:
How do natural supports evaluate UP participants
social inclusion in the campus community?
Perceived Quality of UP Participants Social Inclusion
M=4.54; N= 68
Mulitdimensional scale
of Perceived Support,
Friends factor

What strategies for facilitating social inclusion can
the UP Program develop from evaluations

M= 4.47; N= 62;
Sense of Community
Index-2 Membership
factor

Design:
Natural
Supports

UP
Participants

Quant.

Qual.

Perceptions of
participants:
Social Support
Sense of
Community
Loneliness

Open ended
questions
Focus group

Explicate
surveys

M= 4.57; N= 62
Sense of Community
Index-2 Emotional
Connections factor

Interpretation

Response options
ranged from 1 (strongly
disagree) to 5 (strongly
agree)

Survey results
inform focus group
and focus group
results

Compare
& contrast
results

QUAL.
Photography
Semi-structured
interviews

Photovoice
Analysis &
Interpretation

Proposed Photovoice Training:
Narrative
Technical skills

Lessons Learned:
Participants captured typical college experiences:
going to class, doing homework, living in residence
halls, attending sporting events and working
on campus.
In their art show, participants captured places where
they were spatially included. UP participants often
described the importance of FRIENDS.

Interpretation
of [quant +
qual] + QUAL

Perceived Frequency of UP Participant's Positive Social Interactions
Subjective
frequency:
1 (Never)
2 (Always)

M= 4.5; N=62;
MOS Social
Support Survey,
'Positive social
interaction' factor

Correlation Analysis

Ethics practice
I will respect the confidentiality of
the stories that were discussed
during the photovoice reflection
sessions.
I will get the signature of all
individuals represented in my
photographs.
I will not reveal the name(s) of any
subject(s) in my photographs, and
will not use them when discussing
or writing about my photographs.

Practice & scavenger hunts

There was a significant, negative correlation between natural
supports perceptions of UP participant loneliness and perceptions
that UP participants had supportive friends (r = -.47, p<.001), strong emotional connections (r = -.27, p<.05) and frequent positive social interactions (r = -.40, p<.001). A large neural network supporting the novel word-learning.

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