Subject-Verb Agreement

Subject-Verb Agreement

This presentation is brought to you by Grammar Bytes!, 2019 by Robin L. Simmons. Subject-Verb Subject-Verb Agreement Agreement Do I need an s at the end of the verb? Or should I leave the s off? This presentation covers maintaining agreement

between subjects and verbs. A A subject-verb subject-verb agreement agreement item item on on an an objective objective test test might might look look like like this this ...... Sample Sample Item

Item The foods that provide providegood goodnutrition nutritionisare is A BB often the least tasty; a hamburger and fries, on the other hand, satisfy satisfythe thetongue tonguebut but C clog the arteries. Does Doesto be Is needs Is

needs to be disagreement disagreement the plural the plural are, are, happen at happen at B which option which option B provide, is, or

provide, is, or fixes. fixes. satisfy? satisfy? A.provides B.are are C.satisfies D.No change is necessary. Agreement Agreement in in a a Nutshell Nutshell The elephant trumpets for a peanut.

elephant = singular subject trumpets = singular verb The elephants trumpet for peanuts. elephants = plural subject trumpet = plural verb In the present tense, singular verbs end in the suffix s; plural verbs do not. Two Two [or [or more] more] singular singular nouns nouns joined joined by

by and and make make aa plural plural subject. subject. The chicken wing and pork rib sit untouched on Ruths plate. Because theres no s at the end of sit, you know its a plural verb. When When each each or or every every precedes precedes two two [or [or more]

more] singular singular nouns nouns joined joined by by and and,, you you have have a a singular singular subject. subject. Every chicken wing and pork rib sits untouched on Ruths plate. Because there is an s at the end of sit, you know its a singular verb. In In this

this situation, situation, no no matter matter how how many many singular singular nouns nouns you you join join with with and and,, the the subject subject is is still still singular. singular. Every chicken wing, pork rib, slice of pepperoni pizza, hotdog, hamburger, steak, and fried shrimp sits

untouched on Ruths plate. X X X X X X Im a vegetarian! Use Use caution caution with with these these three three conjunctions: conjunctions: either either or or,, neither

neither nor nor,, and and not not only only but but also also.. Not only the boss employees but also buther also their boss wish wishes thewish the shiftshift would

would end . . end. employees the shiftend would If you flip the two subjects, Youll have two subjects, but so that employees is next only the closer one in this to the verb, then wish will case boss counts! work! These These indefinite indefinite pronouns pronouns are are

always always singular singular [even [even when when they they seem seem plural]. plural]. Each, either, neither Anyone, anybody, anything Everyone, everybody, everything No one, nobody, nothing Someone, somebody, something

Everyone Everyone on on Earth Earth == more more than than one one person person billions billions of of people, people, in in fact. fact. The The word word everyone, everyone, however,

however, is is still still singular. singular. Beware Beware interrupting interrupting phrases. phrases. As well as Along with Together with Including In addition to Especially The squirrel as well as the pigeons keep an eye on Sammy, the sneaky cat. Bad

kitty! This sentence might sound right, but it is completely wrong! Beware Beware inverted inverted word word order. order. Here is the onions you need for the chili. In the refrigerator is the jalapeo peppers you might want to add. Here and there are never the subjects. Cross through

prepositional phrases to find the real subject! Quick Quick Test Directions: In the items that follow, choose the option that corrects an error in the underlined portion(s). If no error exists, choose No change is necessary. Show me what you know. Grammar Bytes! provides additional handouts and exercises on subject-verb agreement. Go to chompchomp.com!

The End. Bad kitty!

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