Student Achievement Goal Setting: Honoring Progress and ...

Student Achievement Goal Setting: Honoring Progress and ...

Student Achievement Goal Setting What should we know to use student achievement goal setting in a teachers performance evaluation? August 2012 1 Why Consider Student Achievement Goal Setting? The Uniform Performance Standards and Evaluation Criteria incorporate student academic progress as a significant component of the evaluation. For about 30 percent of teachers, student growth percentiles will be available. For about 70 percent of teachers, other measures of academic progress will need to be identified. 2 What is Student Achievement Goal Setting?

Step 1: Determine needs Step 2: Create specific learning goals based on preassessment Step 3: Create and implement teaching and learning strategies Step 5: Step 4: Monitor student progress through

ongoing formative assessment Determine whether the students achieved the goal 3 What are the Purposes of Student Achievement Goal Setting? Focus on student results Explicitly connect teaching and learning Improve instructional practices and teacher performance Tool for school improvement 4 Steps 1 and 2: Determining Needs and Creating Goals

Step 1: Determine needs Step 2: Create specific learning goals based on preassessment Step 3: Create and implement teaching and learning strategies Step 5: Step 4: Monitor student progress

through ongoing formative assessment Determine whether the students achieved the goal 5 What is a Student Achievement Goal? Goal a statement of an intended outcome of your work: Student Learning Distinct from Strategies Strategies = Means Goal = End

Are you going to New York or by train? May 2012 6 Writing a SMART Goal 7 Assessing Rigor of Goals Goal Setting Rubric for Feedback CANNOT MOVE FORWARD The student learning and academic achievement goals are unrelated to identified student needs. CANNOT MOVE FORWARD The student achievement goal is related to identified

student needs, but does not reflect acceptable growth through the course of the year. Sufficient rigor is lacking. MOVE FORWARD The student learning and academic achievement goal is rigorous and attainable, and reflects acceptable growth during the course or school year. 8 Progress (Growth) vs. Achievement Goals PROGRESS

ACHIEVEMENT Students will score X% greater on the post-test than on the pre-test. OR Students will increase their performance by X performance level on the rubric. X% of students will achieve a score of X or higher. 9 Sample SMART Goal In the current school year, all students will make measurable progress in the area of two-dimensional landscape. Using a 24-point division-developed rubric to measure texture, form, space, color, tone, and line (in which 20 points is considered proficient) all

students will improve at least 6 points throughout the course of the year. Students scoring a level 20 or higher will further advance their skills by learning another artistic style, such as still life. 10 Sample SMART Goal Specific: Focused on two-dimensional landscape Measurable: Rubric used to assess performance Appropriate: The teacher teaches the content and skills contained in middle school art Realistic: The goal of increasing student performance by at least six points is realistic Time-bound: Goal attainment can be addressed by the end of the year with a performance task scored by a division-developed rubric 11

Teacher E Grade 5 12 Curriculum-Based Reading Assessment 7 Number of students 6 5 4 August 3 2 1 0 2 3

4 5 6 7 Grade Equivalency (GE) 13 Teacher Es Goal Goal Statement: In the current school year, the students will achieve an average of one years gain using the curriculum-based reading assessment for students below, on, and above grade level as tested in August. A good goal statement is one

that is Specific Measurable Appropriate Realistic Time-bound 14 Teacher Fs Goal Goal Statement:

During this school year, my students will improve on word knowledge and oral reading skills. A good goal statement is one that is Specific Measurable Appropriate Realistic

Time-bound 15 Better Goal for Teacher F? Goal Statement: During this school year, 100 percent of my students will improve in word knowledge and oral reading as measured by PALS. Each student will move up at least a grade level in instructional reading level from fall to spring. 16 Teacher F: Assessing Rigor of Goals Goal Setting Rubric for Feedback CANNOT MOVE FORWARD The student learning and academic achievement goals are unrelated to identified student needs.

CANNOT MOVE FORWARD The student achievement goal is related to identified student needs, but does not reflect acceptable growth through the course of the year. Sufficient rigor is lacking. MOVE FORWARD The student learning and academic achievement goal is rigorous and attainable, and reflects acceptable growth during the course or school year.

17 Teacher Gs Goal Goal Statement: For the current school year, my students will have the knowledge and skills to be productive members of their society because they will be able to analyze primary and secondary source documents. A good goal statement is one that is Specific Measurable

Appropriate Realistic Time-bound 18 Better goal for Teacher G? Goal Statement: During this school year, 100 percent of my students will improve in analyzing primary and secondary source documents. Each student will increase his/her ability to analyze documents by one level on the rating rubric. Furthermore, students at the attempted level will increase by two performance levels. 19

Teacher G: Assessing Rigor Goal Setting Rubric for Feedback CANNOT MOVE FORWARD The student learning and academic achievement goals are unrelated to identified student needs. CANNOT MOVE FORWARD The student achievement goal is related to identified student needs, but does not reflect acceptable growth through the course of the year. Sufficient rigor is lacking. MOVE FORWARD

The student learning and academic achievement goal is rigorous and attainable, and reflects acceptable growth during the course or school year. 20 Teacher H High School English Teacher 21 Professionals Name: Teacher H Worksite Yourtown High School Job Title: English Teacher School Year 2012- 13 I. Setting (Describe the population and special learning circumstances)

This goal is based on one of my English Grade 10 classes which has 30 students. Five of the students qualify for special services and have IEPs. II. Content/Subject/Field Area (The area/topic addressed is based on learner achievement, data analysis, or observational data) I will focus on essay writing. Our school is focusing on increasing writing scores. Over the past three years, the percent passing has been 74 percent 78 percent, and 81 percent. We are seeing a positive trend in writing and will continue to focus on this area. III. Baseline Data (What does the current data show?) I administered a writing prompt at the beginning of the year and used a fourpoint rubric to score the responses, scoring both according to critical element and holistically. The data indicate that six students scored at performance level 1, 11 students scored at performance level 2, ten students scored at performance level 3, and three students scored at performance level 4. Data attached IV. Goal Statement (Describe what you want learners/program to accomplish)

For the current school year, 100 percent of my students will make measurable progress in writing. Students scoring at a 1 will increase by two performance levels. Students scoring at a 2 or 3 will increase by one performance level. Students scoring at a 4 will maintain high performance. V. Means for Attaining Goal (Activities used to accomplish the goal) Strategy Measurable By Target Date Use modified pacing to attend to student needs. Copies of modified pacing Ongoing (September May) Use frequent formative assessment with students to provide feedback and modify instruction. Lesson Plans

Copies of teacher-made formative assessments Ongoing (September May) Incorporate focused instruction in key content areas as prescribed by the State Standards of Learning. Lesson Plans Ongoing (September May) 22 Number of Students Baseline Data (September Assessment) 12 10 8 6 4 2

0 1 2 3 Performance Level 4 23 Teacher Hs Goal Goal Statement: For the current school year, 100 percent of my students will make measurable progress in writing. Students scoring at a 1 will increase by two performance levels. Students scoring at a 2 or 3 will increase by one performance level. Students scoring at a 4 will maintain high performance.

A good goal statement is one that is Specific Measurable Appropriate Realistic Time-bound 24 Applying a Goal Setting Rubric

for Assessing Rigor Goal Setting Rubric for Feedback CANNOT MOVE FORWARD The student learning and academic achievement goals are unrelated to identified student needs. CANNOT MOVE FORWARD The student achievement goal is related to identified student needs, but does not reflect acceptable growth through the course of the year. Sufficient rigor is lacking. MOVE FORWARD The student

learning and academic achievement goal is rigorous and attainable, and reflects acceptable growth during the course or school year for all students. 25 Step 3: Create and Implement Strategies Step 1: Determine needs Step 2: Create specific learning goals based on preassessment

Step 3: Create and implement teaching and learning strategies Step 5: Step 4: Monitor student progress through ongoing formative assessment Determine whether the students achieved the goal

26 Step 4: Monitoring Student Progress and Making Adjustments Step 1: Determine needs Step 2: Create specific learning goals based on preassessment Step 3: Create and implement teaching and learning strategies Step 5:

Step 4: Monitor student progress through ongoing formative assessment Determine whether the students achieved the goal 27 Monitoring Student Progress Monitor both student progress toward goal attainment AND strategy effectiveness Make adjustments to strategies as needed 28

Steps in the Midyear Review Process Step 1 Collect and reflect on informal and formal midyear data Step 2 Reflect on progress toward goal Step 3 Reflect on effectiveness of strategies Step 4 Adjust strategies 29 Number of Students

Baseline Data and Midyear Data 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1 2 3 Performance Level 4 30 Teachers Midyear Reflection on Strategies -Teacher H Strategy Progress

Use modified pacing to attend to student needs. Changed instruction to address student deficiencies in writing. Use frequent formative assessment with students to provide feedback and modify instruction. Used frequent formative assessments for writing skills; used formative assessments to address student deficiencies. Assessments indicate that a majority of students continue to have deficiencies in one or more areas. Developed mini-targeted lessons to address specific writing skills with students. Incorporate focused instruction in key content areas as prescribed by the State Standards of Learning.

31 Teachers Midyear Reflection Continued - Teacher H Strategy Adjustment(s) Use modified pacing to attend to student needs. Continue to use modified pacing; ensure that modified pacing is based on formative assessment data. Use frequent formative assessment with students to provide feedback and modify instruction. Target formative assessments to focus on specific writing skills according to student deficiencies. Incorporate focused instruction in key content areas as prescribed by the

State Standards. Differentiate instruction in key content areas using formative assessment data. Use Peer and Self-Assessment. Work with students on evaluating own work and work of classmates using writing rubric; assess students ability to apply rubric; track peer, self, and teacher ratings to determine consistency. 32 Step 5: Determine Whether Students Achieved the Goal Step 1: Determine needs Step 2: Create

specific learning goals based on preassessment Step 3: Create and implement teaching and learning strategies Step 5: Step 4: Monitor student progress through ongoing formative assessment Determine

whether the students achieved the goal 33 Baseline Data, Midyear Data, and End of Year Data Number of Students 20 15 10 5 0 1 2 3 Performance Level 4

34 Summary Goal Data Did not meet goal Met goal Exceeded goal Number Percent 5 17 19 63 6 20 For the evaluation

year 2011 2012 83 percent of students met or exceeded the goal 35 36 At least 80 percent of students met or exceeded the goal More than 50 percent of students exceeded the goal with no more than 10 percent not meeting the goal Proficient Exemplary Rating Teacher Performance on Standard 7 Using Student Achievement Goal Setting

37 Greater than 50 percent of students did not meet the goal Less than 50 percent of students failed to meet the goal and 50 percent or more met or exceeded the goal Unacceptable Developing/ Needs Improvement Rating Teacher Performance on Standard 7 Using Student Achievement Goal Setting Calculating Rating: Teacher H Question 1. Did 50 percent or more of the students exceed the goal AND no more than 10 percent fail to meet the goal? 20 percent

exceeded goal and 17 percent did not meet the goal Response (Yes/No) Action Yes Rating=Exemplary No Continue 2. Add the percentage of students who exceeded or met the goal (meet + exceed). Is this total 80 percent or higher? 20 percent + 63 percent = 83 percent Yes Rating=Proficient No Continue 3. Do more than 50 percent of the students fail to meet the goal?

Yes Rating=Unacceptable No Continue 38 Goal Setting Focus Teachers of Students with Disabilities and English Language Learners 39 Goal-Setting for Teachers of Students with Disabilities: Considerations Does the special education teacher collaborate with a general education teacher?

Will assessments be specific to special education purposes or the same as the general education assessments? Can class or ability-level goals be set, or do goals need to be individualized? Can IEP goals be used? 40 Example Goal for Teachers of Students with Disabilities in a Collaborative Setting During the 2012-2013 school year, each of my sixth-grade students will improve in reading as measured by an online reading assessment. Those with baseline scores at third grade and

below will improve at least 1.5 grade levels; those with baseline scores at fourth- or fifth- grade will improve at least 1.2 grade levels. (Note: Goals need to align with the Present Level of Performance within students Individual Education Plans.) 41 Example Goal for K-3 SelfContained Classroom For the 2012-2013 school year, all my students will make measurable progress as measured by the PALs reading assessment. Based on their IEPs, their goals are as follows: Grade Current Level Goal Level Student 1 K PP P

Student 2 K PP P Student 3 1 PP P Student 4 2 P 1

Student 5 2 P 2 Student 6 3 P 1 Student (Note: Goals need to align with the Present Level of Performance within students Individual Education Plans.) 42 Goal Setting for Teachers of English Language Learners (ELL) Students: Considerations

What level are the students with whom the teacher works? Will assessments be specific to English Language Learners or the same as the general education assessments? Can class or ability-level goals be set, or do goals need to be individualized? Do any students have special learning challenges beyond ELL? 43 Example ELL Goal For the 2012-2013 school year, 100 percent of my seventh-grade students will make measurable progress in vocabulary and reading comprehension as measured by the reading assessment. Those students reading at a fourth-grade level and below will increase reading by at least two grade levels; those reading at fifth-grade or sixth-grade will

increase at least 1.5 grade levels. 44 Example ELL Goal In the 2012-2013 school year, 100 percent of my sixth-grade students will make measurable progress as measured by the ACCESS for ELLs. Each student will increase their scale score by 10 percent in the four language domains of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. 45 What Does Research Say about Goal Setting for Student Achievement? Linked to mastery learning 1 standard deviation higher on average compared with conventional instruction (Bloom, 1984) Includes formative assessments, frequent corrective feedback Linked to enhancing prerequisite cognitive skills .7 standard deviation higher on average compared with conventional instruction (Walberg, 1984) Includes initial skills assessment and teaching prerequisite skills that are lacking Linked to assessment for learning

Formative assessment in the classroom can result in increases in student learning up to two grade levels (Assessment Reform Group, 2000) Linked to standards-based performance assessment Schools in Loveland, Colorado, were among highest percentage increase in student performance after implementing standards-based performance assessment (Stronge & Tucker, 2000). Linked to standards-based instruction 18-41 percentage point gains when teachers set and communicate clear goals for learning (Marzano, Pickering, & Pollock, 2001) Linked to data-based decision-making School districts that show multiple (i.e., 3 or more) years of improvement use data to make decisions and encourage teachers to use student learning data to make instructional decision (Cawelti, 2004; Langer & Colton, 2005; Togneri & Anderson, 2003). 46 Thinking about Goal-Setting What are the benefits? What are the challenges? 47

Common Challenges 1. Data access and analysis Robustness of data system Teacher and administrator skills 2. Sufficient and appropriate assessments 3. Writing SMART goals 4. Clarifying the acceptable amount of progress 5. Developing research-based instructional strategies See Marzano et al., Schmoker, Collins, Blankstein, Fullan, etc., etc. 48 Determine Division Rules for How Specific Goals Will Be Set When No State Assessment Exists Will the division require the use of existing, common divisionwide assessments for any specific grade/subject? YES

Identify which grades/ subjects and assessments. Will they be division, regional, or third party created? NO Are there grades/subjects where the division wants to prioritize buying or creating additional divisionwide assessments? What will the division require for any remaining teachers who are not yet covered? 49 Determine Division Rules for How Specific Goals Will Be Set When No State Assessment

Exists Keep In Mind Divisions may wish to collaborate to create common assessments to increase coverage. Divisions are encouraged to increase the number of high-quality assessments that are utilized across grades/subjects within their division. Division or regionally-developed assessments are encouraged. Teacher-made assessments can be used as divisions develop common assessments; divisions should monitor for validity and reliability. 50 Where Do We Go Next? Rubrics for Implementation 51 Setting student achievement goals Focuses on student results Connects teaching with learning Improved instruction in the classroom

Contributes to school improvement 52

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