Station 1

Station 1

Supergroup: Excavata Clade: Diplomonads Ex: Giardia lamblia Characteristics: Two nuclei Motisomes No ETC Anaerobic

Supergroup: Excavata Clade: Parabasalids Ex: Trichomonas vaginalis Characteristics: Modified flagella and undulating membrane Hydrogenosomes Anaerobic with H2O2 by-product Causes: Vaginitis

Supergroup: Excavata Clade2: Euglenozoans Clade3: Euglnids Ex: Euglena sp. Characteristics: Anterior pocket with one or two flagella Mixotrophic

Supergroup: Excavata Clade2: Euglenozoans Clade3: Kinetoplastids Ex: Trypanosoma sp. Characteristics: Single, large mitochondrion with kintoplast (mass of DNA) Causes: African sleeping sickness

and Chagas diseas Vector: TseTse fly (Africa) Supergroup: Chromalveolata Clade1: Alveolata Clade2: Dinoflagellates Ex: Dinoflagellate Characteristics: Reinforced cellular plates

Two flagella (1 apical, 1 between grooved plates) Mixothroph Causes: Red tides Supergroup: Chromalveolata Clade1: Alveolata Clade2: Apicoplexans Ex: Plasmodium sp.

Characteristics: Sporozoite Internal parasites Causes: Malaria Vector: Anopheles mosquito Plasmodium Supergroup: Chromalveolata Clade1: Alveolata

Clade2: Ciliates Ex: Spriostomun, Vorticella, Paramecium Characteristics: Cilia Two nuclei (micro and macro) Spirostomum

Vorticella Transverse binary fission: asexual reproduction that occurs end to end Conjugation: occurs when micro nuclei are exchanged side by side

Supergroup: Chromalveolata Clade1: Stramenopila Clade2: Diatoms Characteristics: Flagella with numerous hair like projections Cell walls of overlapping silica tests (frutule) Supergroup: Chromalveolata

Clade1: Stramenopila Clade2: Golden algae Characteristics: Yellow or brown coloration caused by carotinoids (xanthophyll) Bi-flagellated cells Supergroup: Chromalveolata Clade1: Stramenopila

Clade2: Brown algae Characteristics: Carotene and fucoxanthin in plasmids Intertidal sp. Have cell wall of algin and cellulose Fucus Air bladders

Sargassum Stipe Laminaria Thallus Holdfast

Ostioles Conceptacle Paraphyses Sperm Antheridia

Ostioles Conceptacle Paraphyses Eggs Oogonia

Supergroup: Chromalveolata Clade1: Stramenopila Clade2: Oomycetes Characteristics: Hyphae with cellulose cell walls Lack plastids (double membrane organelles) Parasites or decomposers Caused: French wine crisis and potato famine

Supergroup: Rhizaria Clade2: Forams Characteristics: Amoebas with thin pseudopodia Calcium carbonate test Make up sedimentary rock Supergroup: Rhizaria Clade2: Radiolarians

Characteristics: Amoebas with thin pseudopodia Delicate silica skeleton Supergroup: Archaeplastidia Clade2: Red algae Characteristics: Red color caused by pigment phycoerythrin Lack flagellated sperm

Chondrus Corallina Supergroup: Archaeplastidia Clade2: Chlorophytes Characteristics: Chlorophyll A and B, Carotenoids Ex: Chara, Acetabularia, Ulva, and

Cladophora Chara Acetabularia Supergroup: Archaeplastidia Clade2: Chlorophytes Characteristics:

Chlorophyll A and B, Carotenoids Ex: Chara, Acetabularia, Ulva, and Cladophora Ulva Cladophora Supergroup: Archaeplastidia

Clade2: Charophytes Characteristics: Chlorophyll A and B, Carotenoids Closets relative to land plants Rings of cellulose synthesizing proteins Peroxisome enzymes Structure of flagellated sperm Formation of phragmoplast

Ex: Desmids, Volvox, Protococcus, Spirogyra, Ulothrix Supergroup: Archaeplastidia Clade2: Charophytes Ex: Desmids Characteristics: Unicellular with isthmus

Supergroup: Archaeplastidia Clade2: Charophytes Ex: Volvox Characteristics: Colonial species in spherical layer held together by protoplasmic strands Supergroup: Archaeplastidia

Clade2: Charophytes Ex: Protococcus Characteristics: Unicellular or found in small colonies Found in thin, green coverings on the moist side of rocks, trees and soil Supergroup: Archaeplastidia Clade2: Charophytes

Ex: Spirpgyra Characteristics: Multicellular filaments Isogametes (male and female gametes are the same size) Supergroup: Archaeplastidia Clade2: Charophytes Ex: Ulothrix

Characteristics: Multicellular, haploid filaments with single, bracket-like filament in each Holdfast Supergroup: Unikonta Clade1: Ameobozoans Clade2: Slime molds Clade3: Plasmodial slime mold

Characteristics: Brightly colored Multinucleated hyphae (coenocytic) Supergroup: Unikonta Clade1: Ameobozoans Clade2: Slime molds Clade3: Cellular slime mold Characteristics:

Clear with septate hyphae Supergroup: Unikonta Clade1: Ameobozoans Clade2: Gymnameobas Characteristics: Broad pseudopods and lack of test Supergroup: Unikonta

Clade1: Ameobozoans Clade2: Entameobas Characteristics: Parasitic ameobas

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