2010 Marcellus Summit: Building a Sustainable Future Penn
2010 Marcellus Summit: Building a Sustainable Future Penn State University, State College, Pennsylvania October 11, 2010 Creating Successful Community Partnerships Carrizo-Wilcox Aquifer Collaboration in Louisiana: A Watershed Approach Red River Watershed Management Institute - LSU Shreveport Gary Hanson, Director Amanda Lewis, Assistant to Director A River
Multi-beam survey conducted by the R/V Khoury (LSUS) TheSonar Red River Near Coushatta, Louisiana A Community A University The Times, 2000
A Public Park Evolving Community-based Nature Education & Research Park Model (Red River Education & Research Park) The Institute and the Park have been developed as flexible institutions, from the start, solving realworld problems by constantly adapting An adaptive model - Based on "Sense of Place" institution building LSUS Red River Watershed Management Institute Red River Red River Education
& Research Park LSU Shreveport An Partnership between the City of Anderson Watershed Station Shreveport and LSUResearch Shreveport LSU Shreveport and Red River Education & Research Park Local Elementary School Children Visiting SWAMP Outreach
Surface Water Analysis & Monitoring Platform LSUS 001 Monitoring Well Project - Wilcox/Alluvial Aquifer LSUS Research Park Magnetic Resonance Imaging Log (MRIL) Research Halliburton Logging Well Red River Alluvial Aquifer
Wilcox Aquifer LSUS Red River Watershed Management Institute Red River Education & Research Park Using a suite of borehole logs to evaluate Red River Alluvial Aquifer & Carrizo-Wilcox Aquifer Not scared of dirt, willing to work
LSUS students using Geoprobe to develop monitoring well in Red River Alluvial Aquifer Red River Education and Research Park A Public Park Monitoring Well LTEMP SWAMP RHAD1 Field Station LSUS Campus
Bat Cave Bat Habitat ACOUSTIC DOPPLER LSUS Anderson Watershed Research View of OldField RiverStation Lake from field6 and station Funded by USEPA Region
Anderson Oil and Gas You Have Seen the Park Model Institute Model A Watershed Approach Community LSUS Red River Watershed Management Institute Local, State & Federal Agencies
A NEUTRAL ENTITY University A Watershed Approach A LOCAL WATER RESOURCES COMMITTEE COMMUNITY LOCAL, STATE & FEDERAL AGENCIES LSUS RED RIVER WATERSHED
MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE (RRWMI) UNIVERSITY A NEUTRAL ENTITY CADDO PARISH COMMITTEE EVOLVED INTO A REGIONAL WATER RESOURCES COMMITTEE OF NW LOUISIANA Water Resources Committee of Northwest Louisiana Watershed Based - Volunteer Committee A Self-organizing Institution The Committee was formed by the Caddo Parish President, a concerned
citizen & Director of the RRWMI. As WRCNL evolved, more issues arose, & it became more flexible & adapted to solve new challenges. Red River Waterway Commission (Member) Sabine River Authority (Member) LSUS Red River Watershed Management Institute Water Resources Committee of Northwest Louisiana (WRCNL)
Long Term Consequences of Excessive Groundwater Withdrawal Potentiometric Surface of Carrizo-Wilcox Aquifer Carrizo-Wilcox Aquifer level is declining Texas Shreveport Golf Course Cone of Depression LSUS RRWMI, 2008 and USGS, 1993
Slow recharge rate! To most folks where THEIR water comes Caddo Parish/LSUS Monitoring from may be a GW mystery But Water is a cultural issue - More than just a commodity Baptism ceremony in Caddo Lake Caddo Lake has some unique energy history
Baptism ceremony in Caddo Lake Parishes Overlying Carrizo-Wilcox Aquifer NW Shreveport SE LSUS Red River Watershed Management Institute Generalized Geologic Cross-section Northwest Louisiana NW
SE Carrizo-Wilcox Aquifer Oil, gas & saltwater Midway Shale Lower confining unit After Thorkildsen and Price, 1991
LSUS Red River Watershed Management Institute Caddo Parish/ LSUS Carrizo-Wilcox Monitoring Well Project 1 City Water Source Monitoring Well Sites SHREVEPORT
3 4 5 Red River Watershed Management Institute LSU Shreveport 2 1 Walter Jacobs Park 2 Hannahs Park
3 Mayo Road 4 Keithville 5 Springridge Phase II Wells drilled in 2010 Phase I wells were
collecting data prior to the Haynesville Boom LSUS/Caddo Parish Carrizo-Wilcox Monitoring Well Project M. Hanson Walter B. Jacobs Memorial Park. LSUS students were involved in all phases of mapping, planning, drilling & development of the monitoring wells in the joint project. M. Hanson
Drilling of the projects first groundwater monitoring well at Walter B. Jacobs Memorial Park. LSUS students observe drilling operations. LSUS Red River Watershed Management Institute LSUS Students Touring an EnCana Operated Haynesville Rig Structure Map Top of Cotton Valley Group Monroe Fld. Carthage Fld. Shreveport
Haynesville Shale Play 8 TCF +7 TCF Bossier Shale ~250 TCF ~100 TCF Total - 350 TCF 1/10 areal extent of Marcellus Shale Generalized structure contours on top of Cotton Valley Group sandstone across northeastern Texas and
northern Louisiana, modified from Finley (1984). Haynesville Shale Gas Discovered in Northwest Louisiana - 2008 Haynesville Top Drive Rig Drilling On Left & Adjacent Well Undergoing Hydraulic Fracture Stimulation (right) EnCana frac job underway Gary Hanson, 2009 Gary Hanson, 2009 AQUAPURE, 2008
Water Sources for Haynesville Play Groundwater Carrizo-Wilcox Aquifer Initially the main source for fracing At the start of Haynesville boom, many operators did not fully appreciate Louisianas groundwater regulations LSUS Red River Watershed Mangement Institute Local water supply problems Professional
developed waterworks administrators became convinced that the withdrawal of excessive amounts of groundwater by gas operators was Caddo Parish/LSUS GW Monitoring Water Level (ft) Keithville Compactor
J A S N J F A M 2010 Typical Carrizo-Wilcox seasonally influenced water level curve
Lewis and Hanson, 2010 J Caddo Parish/LSUS GW Monitoring South Camp Water Level (ft) 258 Summer 256 Summer
Winter-Spring 254 Tell me and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and I learn. Benjamin Franklin 252 250 J A S O D J 2008
F M A M J Month J A S N J F A M J 2010 Water level appeared to be dropping rapidly in this area of heavy drilling & hydraulic fracturing
Lewis and Hanson, 2010 Alternative Water Sources - Red River Alluvial Aquifer Office of Conservation recommended that operators use the Red River Alluvial Aquifer for fracing wells Shreveport LSUS RRERP A Sustainable water source USGS, 1995 LSUS RRWMI, 2008
Non-Potable - Yields up to 1600 gallons/minute Alternative Water Sources South Caddo, Desoto Surface Water Smithport Lake Red River Toledo Bend Reservoir Sabine River LSUS Red River Watershed Management Institute Alternate Water Sources for Frac Water - Ponds
Get Rich Quick ? Dont sale the farm, just sell the pond water Private ponds & company built pits have become an important source of frac water The Times Oct. 19, 2009 Industry built ponds Water Wars - Ponds started to dry up
Shifting the gas industry from groundwater to surface water First attempts to acquire permission to set up withdrawal sites on the Red River were met with long delays and apparent inaction by the US Corps of Engineers. Eventually, the Red River Watershed Management Institute joined with the Red River Waterway Commission and organized a meeting between the Corps and some of the natural gas operators at LSUS. LSUS RRWMI
The Ad Hoc Committee that was set up to help the gas operators transition from groundwater to surface water (Red River) as a frac water source, evolved into the Water Energy Working Group CLOSE COORDINATION BETWEEN WATER ENERGY WORKING GROUP & OFFICE OF CONSERVATION HAS BEEN CRITICAL FOR SUCCESS LSUS LSUS
RRWMI Water Energy Working Group Meeting at LSU Shreveport WG became more flexible & adapted to issues before or as they arose Participants: US Army Corps of Engineers Vicksburg (USACE) Red River Waterway Commission, LAF&WS, LADEQ Red River Watershed Management Institute (LSUS) Red River Valley Assoc., Sabine River Authority, Caddo Levee District, Bossier Levee District, La DOTD, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Chesapeake , Questar, EnCana, Petrohawk, Camterra , JW, Exco, Shell, El Paso, Titanium Env. , Louisiana Oil and Gas Association, Red River Pump, Impact Energy Services, Water Resources Committee of Northwest Louisiana, International Paper
Early on & on a voluntary basis, most Haynesville operators reduced their use of groundwater Co-chairs: Directors of Red River Watershed Management Institute & Red River From Groundwater to Surface Water Learning to Deal with the Haynesville Boom Self-Organizing The Working Group was formed to assist operators gain access to the Red River as a frac water source in lieu of stressed groundwater aquifer. Like other regulatory entities experiencing the incredibly rapid development of the Haynesville, USACE was suddenly confronted with unique water related issues (sent 8 managers!) In order to gain access to river sites for water withdrawal, USACE
determined that a Section 10 permit was required (does not give permission to take water). Although Louisiana had previously enacted groundwater legislation, at the time there was no surface water legislation. From Groundwater to Surface - Results A second meeting was called about a month later to provide the Corps with estimated future withdrawal rates/volumes and to finalize a protocol for permit submission. Just prior to the meeting, Chesapeake was issued the first permit. After this meeting 20 more permits were issued to several other operators. Access to Red River! LSUS Red River Watershed Management Institute
From Groundwater to Surface Water Water Energy Working Group Third Meeting - Resilience The third meeting was called because, operators were told permits were being held up by US Fish and Wildlife Service. The USF&WS was contacted & a high-level manager attended our third meeting. He informed the operators that they had to take measures to protect three threatened or endangered species in or along the Red River. In response, operators developed survey protocols for Earth Fruit, the Interior Least Tern & developed slotted water intake manifolds for the Pallid Sturgeon. Alternative surface water frac sources EXCO is building an 8 mile pipeline in order to use treated
wastewater from International Paper Co. at Mansfield, La. 12 million gallons/day The Times, 2010 This gives DNR a tool for tracking water use It was during this timeframe, DNR was becoming more flexible & proactive. The Secretary held numerous, lengthy public meetings throughout the State After completing an oil or gas well, all operators have to fill out an Office of Conservation Well History and Work Resume Report Form (WH-1). Now operators also have to show their water use on Page 3 of the WH-1.
Groundwater supply well Total Groundwater Used Total Surface Water Used From Groundwater to Surface Water DNR-Office of Mineral Resources has worked diligently to develop a surface water use plan Who owns the surface water? Surface water opinions were rendered by Attorney General stating that the state owns all naturally running water. The AG opinions were used as the basis for enacting surface water use legislation. Act 955 calls for the establishment of cooperative endeavor agreements (CEA) in order to withdraw
water from streams or lakes fed by streams. Haynesville Frac Job - Shreveport Reducing the use of groundwater: How is the voluntary approach working? Results? Source: EnCana, 2010 Haynesville WH-1 Water Volumes by Company CAMTERRA RESOURCES, INC. BP AMERICA PRODUCTION COMPANY BOPCO, L.P. BEUSA ENERGY, INC.
CHESAPEAKE OPERATING, INC. COMSTOCK OIL & GAS--LA, LLC EAGLE OIL & GAS CO. DIAMOND OIL, LLC CORONADO ENERGY E & P COMPANY, LLC CONOCOPHILLIPS COMPANY EL PASO E&P COMPANY, L.P. ENERGEN RESOURCES CORPORATION ENCORE OPERATING LOUISIANA, LLC ENCANA OIL & GAS (USA) INC. EOG RESOURCES, INC. FRANKS OPERATING COMPANY, L.L.C. FOREST OIL CORPORATION EXCO PRODUCTION COMPANY, LP JAG OPERATING, L.L.C. INDIGO MINERALS LLC
GOODRICH PETROLEUM COMPANY KCS RESOURCES, LLC J-W OPERATING COMPANY STROUD PETROLEUM, INC. SOUTHERN STAR OPERATING, INC. SAMSON CONTOUR ENERGY E&P, LLC QUESTAR EXPL. AND PROD. CO. PETROHAWK OPERATING COMPANY XTO ENERGY INC. WSF, INC. TENSAS DELTA EXPL CO, LLC Source: Louisiana SWEPI LP Department of Natural
Resources, 2010 Water Well Usage Data 10/1/2009 to 8/20/2010 Surface water Chesapeake was 1st to develop a field water specialist A new discipline Frac Supply Surface Water Frac Supply Ground Water Other Surface Water Other Ground Water Rig Supply Surface Water
Rig Supply Ground Water Since Oct. 2009 0 200,000,000 400,000,000 600,000,000 800,000,000 Our community and state have experienced the critical need to understand & apply adaptive approaches, which in turn, have led to the tacit knowledge that we
have learned. Go back to your community, roll up your sleeves and start working across the table with those who hold differing perspectives about our natural resources. For it is only by honestly confronting these deep, difficult problems facing our society that we can hope to resolve them. What kind of legacy do you Tell me and I forget. Teach me and I plan on leaving? remember. Involve me and I learn. Benjamin Franklin Acknowledgements: Sponsors of the Marcellus Summit
Interstate Oil & Gas Compact Commission US EPA Region 6 City of Shreveport AEP SWEPCO LSU Shreveport & LSU System Halliburton Anderson Oil & Gas Louisiana Dept. of Natural Resources & Office of Conservation The Parishes of Caddo, DeSoto, Bossier & Webster, Sabine River Authority & Red River Waterway Commission & Metropolitan Planning Commission Members of the Water Energy Working Group Thank you!
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