Asian Gypsy Moth Lymantria dispar asiatica Asian Gypsy

Asian Gypsy Moth Lymantria dispar asiatica Asian Gypsy

Asian Gypsy Moth Lymantria dispar asiatica Asian Gypsy Moth Native pest to Europe and Asia. Pest of over 500 species of trees and shrubs including oaks. Lymantria dispar asiatica has been found in North America on several occasions. Very similar to the European gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar dispar). Unlike related gypsy moths, the Asian gypsy moth females can fly.

Global Distribution of the Gypsy Moth Distribution of gypsy moths in North America Distribution of gypsy moths in the Eastern hemisphere Image credits: Gypsy Moth Around the World - Sandy Liebhold - http://www.fs.fed.us/ne/morgantown/4557/gmoth/world/

Global Distribution of the Asian Gypsy Moth Known distribution of the Asian gypsy moth Image credits: Appendix 1. Asian gypsy moth distribution map - Agriculture Western Australia http://agspsrv34.agric.wa.gov.au/ento/surveillance/asian%20gypsy%20moth.html#Appendix%201. Pest of Deciduous Trees Image credits: white alder (Alnus rhombifolia) Nutt. - John Ruter, University of Georgia - Bugwood.org, #1581082; pin oak (Quercus palustris) Muenchh. - David Stephens - Bugwood.org, #5443459; black willow (Salix nigra) Marsh. - David Stephens - Bugwood.org, #5472484 Damage

Damage to leaves Oak mortality Image credits: gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) (Linnaeus) - William M. Ciesla, Forest Health Management International - Bugwood.org, #0758034; gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) (Linnaeus) - USDA Forest Service - Region 8 - Southern , USDA Forest Service - Bugwood.org, #1507052; gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) (Linnaeus) - USDA APHIS PPQ , USDA APHIS PPQ - Bugwood.org, #2652051 Identification Adults Females 8.9cm White with grey

markings Males 3.8cm Gray and brown Image credits: gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) (Linnaeus) - USDA APHIS PPQ , USDA APHIS PPQ - Bugwood.org, #2652084; gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) (Linnaeus) - USDA APHIS PPQ , USDA APHIS PPQ - Bugwood.org, #2652086; Asian gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar asiatica) Vnukovskij (Pogue and Schaefer, 2007) - John H. Ghent, USDA Forest Service - Bugwood.org, #1241013 Lookalikes - Adults Male Asian gypsy moth (upper)

versus female European gypsy moth (lower) Female Asian gypsy moth (left) versus female European gypsy moth (right) Image credits: gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) (Linnaeus) - USDA APHIS PPQ , USDA APHIS PPQ - Bugwood.org, #2652083; gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) (Linnaeus) USDA APHIS PPQ , USDA APHIS PPQ - Bugwood.org, #2652085 Identification Pupae Dark brown Male: 1.5cm in

length Female: 3cm in length Image credit: gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) (Linnaeus) - USDA APHIS PPQ , USDA APHIS PPQ - Bugwood.org, #2652067 Identification Larvae Up to 8.9cm in length Grey and yellow bodies Long hairs

Double rows of blue and red warts Image credits: Asian gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar asiatica) Vnukovskij (Pogue and Schaefer, 2007) - John H. Ghent, USDA Forest Service Bugwood.org, #1335005; Asian gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar asiatica) Vnukovskij (Pogue and Schaefer, 2007) - John H. Ghent, USDA Forest Service - Bugwood.org, #1335025 Identification Eggs Up to 1200 eggs per egg mass Buff color Yellowish fuzz Average size

3.8cm by 1.905cm Image credits: Asian gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar asiatica) Vnukovskij (Pogue and Schaefer, 2007) - John H. Ghent, USDA Forest Service -Bugwood.org, #1335003; Asian gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar asiatica) Vnukovskij (Pogue and Schaefer, 2007) - Manfred Mielke, USDA Forest Service - Bugwood.org, #1399197 Life cycle Eggs August to May Larvae May to early July

Adult Late July to August Pupae 7-14 days Image credit: Asian gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar asiatica) Vnukovskij (Pogue and Schaefer, 2007) - DAFF Archive - Bugwood.org, #1194038; Asian gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar asiatica) Vnukovskij (Pogue and Schaefer, 2007) - John H. Ghent, USDA Forest Service - Bugwood.org, #1335026; gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) (Linnaeus) - USDA APHIS PPQ , USDA APHIS PPQ - Bugwood.org, #2652066; Asian gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar asiatica) Vnukovskij (Pogue and Schaefer, 2007) - John H. Ghent, USDA Forest Service - Bugwood.org, #1241014 Monitoring Pheromone traps

cis-7R,8S-epoxy-2methyloctadecane (aka disparlure) Image credits: gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) (Linnaeus) - Terry S. Price, Georgia Forestry Commission - Bugwood.org, #1247237; gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) (Linnaeus) - William A. Carothers, USDA Forest Service - Bugwood.org, #1515074 Chemical Control Aerial chemical spraying diflubenzuron (Dimilin) carbaryl (Sevin) mimic (tebufenozide) Mating disruption with

Disrupt II Baculovirus, nuclear polyhedrosis virus (NPV) Image credits: gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) (Linnaeus) - G. Keith Douce, University of Georgia - Bugwood.org, #2721020 Biological Control Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Small mammals Birds Ground beetles Ants

Image credits: gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) (Linnaeus) - Bill Antrobius, USDA Forest Service - Bugwood.org, #2253091; black carpenter ant (Camponotus pennsylvanicus) (De Geer) - Clemson University - USDA Cooperative Extension Slide Series - Bugwood.org, #1435184; forest caterpillar hunter (Calosoma sycophanta) (Linnaeus, 1758) - Debbie Waters, University of Georgia - Bugwood.org, #2666061 Cultural Control Image credits: gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) (Linnaeus) - USDA APHIS PPQ , USDA APHIS PPQ - Bugwood.org, #2652089

Port inspections General sanitation Siviculture Resistant trees Suspect Sample Submissions Contact your State Department of Agriculture or University Cooperative Extension laboratory http://www.npdn.org/home

PPQ form 391, Specimens for Determination https://www.aphis.usda.gov/library/form s/pdf/PPQ_Form_391.pdf An example of a PPQ form for sample submissions Image credits: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/library/forms/pdf/PPQ_Form_391.pdf Communications Contact your State Plant Health Director https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/

ourfocus/planthealth/ppq-program -overview/ct_sphd Contact your State Plant Regulatory Official http://nationalplantboard.org/me mbership / Image credits: http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome; http://nationalplantboard.org/ Author and Publication Dates Morgan Pinkerton Lab Technician, Department of Entomology and

Nematology, University of Florida Amanda Hodges, Ph.D. Associate Extension Scientist, Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida Publication date: October 2016 Reviewers Catherine A. Marzolf Assistant State Plant Health Director, USDA APHIS PPQ

Educational Disclaimer and Citation This presentation can be used for educational purposes for NON-PROFIT workshops, trainings, etc. Citation: Pinkerton, Morgan and Amanda Hodges. 2016. Asian Gypsy Moth. Lymantria dispar asiatica. Accessed: (add the date)www.protectingusnow.org Our Partners United States Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture (USDA NIFA) United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine (USDA APHIS

PPQ) Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS) Program National Plant Board (NPB) States Department of Agriculture Extension Disaster Education Network (EDEN) Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health (Bugwood) National Plant Diagnostic Network (NPDN) U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) U.S. Forest Service (USFS) References 1.

Anonymous. Asian Gypsy Moth Pest Alert. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey, NY. Accessed 5/26/2016. http://www.agriculture.ny.gov/caps/pdf/Asian%20Gypsy%20Moth%20Pest %20Alert.pdf 2. Anonymous. 2012. Exotic Pest Alert: Asian gypsy moth. NSW Government: Department of Plant Industries. Accessed 6/3/2016. http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0013/443110/Exotic-Pest-AlertAsian-gypsy-moth.pdf 3.

ISSG. Invasive Species Management and Control: Gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar). Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG). Accessed 6/3/2016. http://issg.org/database/species/reference_files/lymdis/lymdis_man.pdf 4. Liebhold, S. 2003. Gypsy Moth In North America. USDA Forest Service Northeastern Research Station. Accessed 6/3/2016. http://www.fs.fed.us/ne/morgantown/4557/gmoth/ References 5.

Molet, T. 2012. CPHST Pest Datasheet for Lymantria dispar asiatica. USDAAPHIS-PPQ-CPHST. Accessed 5/26/2016. caps.ceris.purdue.edu/dmm/1886 6. USDA. 1999. Plant Protection and Quarantine Factsheet: Asian Gypsy Moth. USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Accessed 5/26/2016. http://www.invasive.org/publications/aphis/fsgma.pdf 7. USDA. 2010. Gypsy Moth Program Manual. USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Accessed 6/3/2016.

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/manuals/domestic/downloads/ gypsy_moth.pdf 8. USDA. 2014. USDA-APHIS-PPQ Asian Gypsy Moth Survey and Response Guidelines. USDA. Accessed 6/3/2016. https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/gypsy_moth/downloads/ AGMSurveyResponseGuidelines.pdf References 9.

USDA. 2016. Plant Protection and Quarantine Factsheet: Asian Gypsy Moth. USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Accessed 6/2/2016. https://www.aphis.usda.gov/publications/plant_health/content/ printable_version/fs_phasiangm.pdf 10. Whittle, A, S. Lenhart, K.A.J. White. 2008. Optimal Control of Gypsy Moth Populations. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology 70: 398411. Accessed 6/3/2016. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11538-007-9260-7

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