PREPARING FOR THE OSSLT What is the difference between writing a story and writing a News Report? Writing a news story and giving a news cast?
What makes the News Report so unique? On the literacy test you will be asked to write a newspaper article
based on a headline and a picture provided to you. You will have to use the facts and information you gather from these two items to answer all of the 5 Ws.
What are the 5 Ws? Who? What? Where? When? Why?
and sometimes How? Carefully examine the headline provided to you. Draw an oval around the title and brainstorm what
you think the story will be about. Example: POLICE SHUT DOWN SWEAT SHOP Examine the
picture provided to you. Example:
Divide the picture into quadrants and label everything you see in each quadrant. This will be recognized by the
evaluators. By dividing the picture into quadrants, you force your eye to focus on every detail. In the picture, you will focus on the people in the
photo, the setting of the photo, and the event taking place. Use the labels to answer the five questions: Who? What? Where? When? Why? Who is the story about? What situation took place? Where is the sweat shop?
When did the police shut it down? Why did the police shut the sweat shop down? Provide a first and last name for
every person in your picture and name the location of the event. Be sure to pick names that you know how to spell and that are generic. Example: Lily Han had been working at the clothing factory in China since she
was ten years old. Organize your ideas into short paragraphs the opening paragraph is usually just one sentence long.
Example: Yesterday, in China, local police were able to close a sweat shop that was employing underage workers.
What are transition words? Transitions contribute to style, organization, and clarity. When you use transitions effectively, your writing flows smoothly and naturally. Here are some suggestions:
Afterward, finally, for example, then, also, furthermore, as well, additionally, in closing Do not use I, me, we, us, our, you or yours, except in a quotations from participants or bystanders.
Remember, you do not want to include your opinion in a news report. This can be a very simple mistake, for example: The sentence Lily Han looked nervous is an opinion not a fact because of the word
looked. Write the news report in the past tense. Using Yesterday for the start of your news report will help you keep
everything in the past tense. For Example: Yesterday, police stormed a sweatshop in China.
Be sure to include quotations from witnesses or bystanders in your last paragraph. For Example: Officer Patrick Li stated, There will be much relief now to the young workers who have slaved in this sweat shop for too long.
(AS SEEN IN PHOTO) The Evaluators would very much like to see a statement like this. Example: Lily Han (as seen in photo, center) was rescued from the sweat shop. Remember,
this is your chance to really shine! You have the opportunity to write about an event or something newsworthy using only a picture, a caption and your imagination!
The following slides are sample responses that show a range of evaluations, from Level 10 to Level 50. The highest score for the News Report is Level 60. There are many sample answers on the
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