Inter American University of Puerto Rico Guayama Campus

Inter American University of Puerto Rico Guayama Campus

Inter American University of Puerto Rico Guayama Campus Cooperative Title V Project Reading Strategies I Prof. Daisy Irizarry Vzquez April 2007 Buttons You will use some buttons to navigate through this module. The buttons and their meanings follow: use it to go back to the first slide

use it to move to the next slide use it to return to the previous slide Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Purpose This module aims at helping you improve your comprehension, therefore, your enjoyment of simple texts studied in your GEEN 1102, English as a Second Language II or any basic reading course. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project

Purpose In addition, the basic reading strategies presented in this module intend to become tools that will enable you to get enlightment and satisfaction from readings you do outside class, too. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Introduction Reading opens windows to unknown yet wonderful worlds! However, if you really want to comprehend and enjoy what you read, you must familiarize with some very helpful tools called reading strategies. Reading strategies can be described as any interactive process of getting meaning from connected text. In

other words, they are specific actions readers take to make meaning from text. Reading strategies will help you become a better reader. They will also make you aware of effective strategies you are already using. You will experience a sense of achievement as you work this module, learn, and practice the strategies presented because they form the basis for reading development. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project General Objective After studying this module, you will apply reading strategies to demonstrate significant improvement of reading comprehension

skills. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Specific Objective By the end of this module, you will use the following reading strategies: scanning; identifying main ideas; guessing unknown vocabulary from context; predicting; and previewing to achieve reading comprehension in improved ways. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project

Part I. Select the letter of the correct answer. 1. When you look up a name in a phone book, you _____ the pages: A. read B. scan C. write 2. The main idea of a reading text is: A. the central idea the author wants to communicate. B. the authors opinion about the reading text. C. the readers expectation about the reading text. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project

3. The soup was pretty hot. The boy could not eat it. The underlined word means: A. unattractive B. very C. attractive 4. If the sky is very cloudy and the wind is blowing, one can __________ that there is going to be a rainy period soon. A. predict B. confirm C. deny Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project

5. When you look at the title of a story and ask yourself questions about it; look at the pictures along the reading and make predictions; or recall what you know about the topic, you are _______the reading. a. searching b. previewing c. enjoying Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Part II. Read the short selection and then answer the questions that follow. Computers and coffee attract customers* Fran Klaus is the owner

of a coffeehouse in Beckley, West Virginia. The name of her coffeehouse is Serendipity. Until this fall, Serendipity was a comfortable place for people to drink coffee and chat with friends. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project That all changed when Klaus met Cameron Taylor. Taylor is a computer expert. He wanted to bring new technology

to West Virginia. Klaus and Taylor decided to turn Serendipity into a cybercafe. Continues "It was like a bolt of lightning hit us both at the same time," Klaus said. "When we met, we realized what a good team we would be. With the popularity of computers, e-mail, and the Internet, the newly opened cybercafe at Serendipity is very busy.

It was just what Beckley, West Virginia needed. Serendipity is the first cybercafe in West Virginia, but cybercafes are not unusual in other parts of the country. Continues Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project In fact, the first one in

the United States opened in 1984. In the early 1990s, there were fewer than 100. Today, cybercafes are popular in many places. There are now over 1,000 cybercafes in cities around the world. Serendipity's cybercafe has four new state-of-the-art computers. Customers can use the computers to do many things. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project

For example, they can write business reports, do homework, or play games. They can also use the computers to access the Internet, send or receive e-mail messages, and find entertainment information. They can do all of these things in the comfort of a coffeehouse atmosphere. Continues "We are a favorite place

for young professionals and students," Klaus said. "You see lots of people here with laptop computers. Computers and coffee cups, business and coffee beans. They just seem to go together." The cybercafe is also perfect for travelers. "Travelers can check their email, send business documents, communicate Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project with their office, and have a cup of coffee at the same time."

Adding a cybercafe is not the only change for the comfortable coffeehouse. In the future, Klaus and Taylor want to install video-conferencing equipment. With videoconferencing, customers can have face-to-face business meetings with people across the globe. Continues Serendipity's future plans also include poetry readings on Thursday nights and musical events on Saturday

nights. Lots of people seem to enjoy going to Serendipity's cybercafe. As Klaus said, "Where else can you surf the Net and enjoy a cup of cappuccino with friends? Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project * Adapted from an article by Andrew Noyes Beckley Register-Herald

Source Blanchard, K. & Root C. (1998). News for Now. International Thomson: Asia ELT. Select the correct answer. 1. (Strategy: Scanning) Taylor is A. a computer expert B. Klauss cousin. C. Camerons brother 2. (Strategy: Context/vocabulary) A cybercafe is a place

A. that sells computers and fresh coffee B. sells coffee and lends computers C. where customers can use computers and drink coffee Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 3. (Strategy: Main idea) The cyber caf Serendipity fulfills the needs of A. Fran Klaus and his family back home. B. Cameron Taylor and his neighbors. C. young and professional customers in West Virginia. 4. According to the reading, with the help of computers, a local coffeehouse

A. gets into a lot of troubles. B. becomes more popular. C. increases its expenses. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 5. (Strategy: Predicting) It is very probable that Klaus and Taylor A. expand the services and activities B. sell the cybercafe C. open a coffee shop Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Pre-Test Answer Key

Part II Part I 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. B A C A B 1.

2. 3. 4. 5. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project A C C B A Pre-Test Assessment 10 or 9

Excellent Go to the Post Test. 8 or 7 Very Good Review the incorrect answers and go to the Post Test. 6 You need some

practice Review the incorrect answers; study the strategies presented in this module; do the assessment exercises and then go to the Post Test. 5 or less You need to work the complete module Study the module; review the strategies carefully and do the assessment exercises. Then, you can go to the Post Test. I wish you were successful!

Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Now you will read information about the reading strategies in this module. Remember that these strategies are great tools that will help you become a more efficient reader. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project # 1 Previewing The prefix pre means before.

The The root view means to look. word preview means "to look before." Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Previewing When you preview an article or a story, you look over the whole reading before you start to read.

Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Previewing Example When you preview a newspaper article, you read the headline, look at the photos, and read the captions (Information written under a photograph). Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Previewing To preview an article or a story, look

over the whole reading before you start to read look at the title and ask yourself questions about it. Then, predict answers to your questions. look at the pictures and predict what the article or story is about. recall what you already know about the topic. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Previewing To preview an article or story, look over the whole reading before you start to read

Read the first paragraph and the last paragraph and try to figure out the main idea of the reading. Set a purpose for reading. Decide what you hope to find out as you read. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project # 2 Scanning Scanning means "to look quickly for specific information." Here is how you scan: 1. Let your eyes move quickly down the page. Don't read every word. 2. Slow down when you see words or phrases that might be important to you. Check ( ) or underline them, if you think they are important.

Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Scanning You will mainly use the scanning strategy during your reading. Scanning saves time if you are collecting specific information and ideas. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project # 3 Identifying Main Ideas Main

ideas are the central or most important ideas that a writer wants to communicate. A story or essay may have many related ideas, but one or two ideas are usually the most important. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Identifying Main Ideas Sometimes the main idea is stated directly in a paragraph.

The sentence that states the main idea is called the topic sentence. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Identifying Main Ideas Example: Success didn't transform J. K.'s way of life greatly. Before he became the Oscar winner star in Hollywood, he lived simply with his wife and two sons. Years later, when he earned more than $25 million per movie, he still owned his favorite three pairs of shoes. He still lived in a farm at the

countryside which most people thought was too simple for such a successful movie actor. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Strategies to Help You Infer the Main Idea Study the details and examples given in a paragraph in a reading. Look for ways these ideas are related. Ask yourself what these

ideas have in common. Decide which sentence is the topic sentence that expresses the main idea. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Strategies to Help You Infer the Main Idea Example: In 1944, only three years after arriving in the United States, J.K participated in his first Hollywood

movie. After he got his first role, he stayed in that city and participated in twenty-nine other films. It was at this time that he invented the famous spy character. The character was a minor participant in a few of his movies until he jumped to stardom or fame as Agent 0077 in the early 1960s. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Assessment Question on Main Idea The main idea of the previous paragraph is: a. In his first years in the United States, J.K

accomplished several important things. b. J.K invented a spy character as he participated in movies in Hollywood. c. Shortly after arriving in the United States, J.K. was a famous actor. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Answer to the Assessment Question on Main Idea In the paragraph, each detail and example give information about something J.K. accomplished after he arrived in the United States. The examples show that he did a lot in a short period of time. From this, the reader might infer that the main idea is letter A.

Main idea: In his first years in the United States, J.K accomplished several important things. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project # 4 Using Context Clues to Guess Unknown Vocabulary Words Sometimes you can figure out the meaning of a difficult word by looking at the context

the other words in the sentence or surrounding sentences. This means that you have to look for context clues. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project What are Context Clues? Context clues are words and phrases in a sentence which help you reason out the meaning of an unfamiliar word.

Oftentimes you can figure out the meanings of new or unfamiliar vocabulary by paying attention to the surrounding language. The slides that follow present the types of clues; signals to the clue; and examples for each. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Examples of Context Clues (to look for in a reading selection) 1.

A definition: Before these discoveries, famines severe shortages of foodcaused many people to die from starvation. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 2. A description: Her two sons were peddlers. The oldest sold umbrellas and the youngest sold straw shoes. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project

3. A comparison or contrast: He loved the first story, but he despised the second one. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 4. A series: My grandfather was very shy, never laughed loudly, and always spoke softly. He often noticed the boy mopping the floors, cheerfully and in good humor.

Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 5. Cause and effect: This house makes me miserable because it is dark and gloomy. They have trouble getting along because they have different opinions about everything. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 6. Setting (time or place): After a late dinner, he put the toys in his

bag and set out for his sisters house. It was a full moon and he could see the path clearly. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 7. Example: At first, he made insulting remarks, such as "Hey! Wet Chicken! This is no place for a weakling! John is warm and gregarious. He likes to hear a good jokeand loves to tell a good story. Reading Strategies I Module

Title V Cooperative Project 8. Synonym: According to his lawyer, Abraham Lincoln was the most reticentsecretiveman that ever lived. Synonyms Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Context Clues Summary The tables that follow summarize the types of clues; present signals for the clue; and provide additional

examples of each. Type of Context Clue Definition Antonym or Contrast Clue Phrases or words that indicate opposite Signals

Examples but, in contrast, Unlike his quiet and however, low-key family, Brad instead of, is garrulous. unlike, yet Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Type of Context Clue

Definition Definition or Example Clue is defined as, means, Phrases the term, [a or words term in that define boldface or or explain

italics] set off with commas Signals Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Examples Sedentary individuals, people who are not very active, often have diminished health. Type of Context

Clue Definition Signals General Knowledge The meaning is derived from the experience and background knowledge of

the reader; "common sense" and logic. the information may be something basically familiar to you Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project

Examples Lourdes is always sucking up to the boss, even in front of others. That sycophant just doesn't care what others think of her behavior. Type of Context Clue Restatement or Synonym Clue

Definition Another word or phrase with the same or a similar meaning is used. Signals in other words, that is, also known as,

sometimes called, or Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Examples The dromedary, commonly called a camel, stores fat in its hump. Assessment for Context Clues Select the word that completes the sentence. 1. The Cabrera farm is close to the United StatesMexican border. A ____is at the border. It

separates the United States from Mexico. a. restaurant b. museum c. fence Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 2. But there are _____in the fence, and a small boy can crawl through them. a. flowers b. holes c. rocks Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project

3. Tomas _____on a Friday afternoon. A U.S. Border Patrol Officer found Tomas on Saturday night. a. disappeared b. worked c. changed Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Answers to assessment questions 1. 2. 3. C

B A Congratulations! I am sure you got them correct. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Now, lets return to the reading strategies! # 5 Predicting Predicting is using knowledge of the subject matter to

make predictions about content and vocabulary and check comprehension. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Predicting Predicting is also using knowledge about the author to make predictions about writing style, vocabulary, and content.

Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Predicting What is the weather going to be like tomorrow? What is the next paragraph in this reading going to be about? What is going to happen to the main character in this story? When you answer these questions, you are making predictions. Reading Strategies I Module

Title V Cooperative Project Predicting When you make a prediction, you use what you already know about a topic, person, or event. Using what you already know helps you to make a logical prediction. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project

Predicting Example The title of the article I am going to read is From Russia to America in 1980. From the title, I predict that the article is about someone who came to America from Russia. Based on what I already know about Russia and America in 1980, I predict that the article might be about the problems this person had leaving Russia and coming to America. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Predicting Making predictions helps you to focus on the material you are reading. You make a

prediction, and then you read to check if your prediction was correct. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Instructions for the Post Test 1. 2. 3. 4. Observe the picture at the beginning of the selection. Scan the selection to get an idea about it.

Read the entire selection. Answer the multiple choice questions about the reading. Success! Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Observe this picture. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Part I. Answer these questions about the picture.

Why dont these people have any hair? Why are they touching or pointing at the man in the center of the group? Why do you think the story is titled: Fifty Good Friends? Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project

Read the story. Fifty Good Friends Manuel Garca had stomach cancer. The doctors told him, "You need chemotherapy to stop the cancer." Manuel went to the hospital for chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is strong medicine. After a few weeks of chemotherapy, Manuel's hair began to fall out. Soon he had no hair. Manuel was depressed. He looked strange without hair. He didn't want people to see him. Manuel's brother and three other relatives visited Manuel in the hospital. Manuel was surprised when he saw them. They had no hair! "You shaved your heads!" Manuel said. Manuel began to laugh.

Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project The other men laughed, too. "Please be quiet," the nurse said. But the nurse was smiling. Manuel came home from the hospital. Friends and relatives came to visit him. "We want to shave our heads," they said. "We want to look like you." Manuel shaved their heads. He also shaved his sons' heads. In one day he shaved 50 heads. Manuel's wife wanted to shave her head, too. "No!" said Manuel. At the hospital Manuel was depressed because he had no hair. Now he is not depressed. "I'm ready for anything," he says. Reading Strategies I Module

Title V Cooperative Project Part II. Select the correct answer. 4. Manuels brother and three other relatives visited him in the hospital. a. family members b. friends from school c. school teachers 5. They have no hair because Manuel shaved their heads. Now, they all look alike. a. different

b. bald c. similar Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 6. In one day, Manuel shaved______ heads. a. 500 b. 50 c. 5 7. Manuels hair began to fall after a _________.

a. penicillin treatment b. chemotherapy treatment c. strict diet Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 8. Manuel Garca was depressed because he _______. a. had cancer b. had chemotherapy c. lost his hair 9.

Manuels friends showed their _______ when they shaved their heads. a. solidarity b. surprise c. happiness Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 10. Manuel said, Now I am ready for anything. His words meant that he had the strength to______. a. make more friends b. go on with his treatment c. become a famous singer.

Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Strategy and Item Identification Strategy Post-Test Items Previewing / Predicting Items 1-3 Using context clues to guess unknown

vocabulary words Items 4 and 5 Scanning Items 6 and 7 Main Idea Items s 8-10 Be wise, read twice! Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project

Post-Test Answer Key: Part I Answer Key* 1. They shaved their heads or they lost their hair because of an illness. 2. He is a special person for them: a relative or a friend. 3. They are a group of people who love and respect each other. * The answers to these questions about the picture may vary a little from answers given above. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Post-Test Answer Key: Part II

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. A C B B C A B

Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Post-Test Assessment 10 or 9 Excellent You master the reading strategies in this module. 8 or 7 Very Good Review the reading strategies and work the Post Test again.

You need practice Study the strategies presented in this module; do the assessment exercises and then go to the Post Test. 5 or less You need to study the module again Study the complete module again. If you still have questions about the content of the

module talk to your professor or to the English Lab technicians. 6 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Feedback Congratulations! You have finished the module! I am sure that you are ready to start controlling your reading experience, and gaining confidence in your ability to read English as a second language. However, if you still have questions

about the strategies, I suggest you review the module again. Keep in mind that you can count on your professor to assist you. Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Feedback Remember, reading is like a conversation between an author and you. The author makes decisions about how to effectively communicate through a piece of writing. You use specific strategies to help yourself understand what the author is trying to communicate. Reading Strategies I Module

Title V Cooperative Project Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Online Strategy and Extended Chat Services for Campus

    Online Strategy and Extended Chat Services for Campus

    Through the "Ask Us" service that is available on every page, individuals can connect with staff by web chat, email and request forms. Staff can find info, discuss what it means, answer questions, recommend next steps and make warm transfers...
  • Spectral Networks and Their Applications Caltech, March, 2012

    Spectral Networks and Their Applications Caltech, March, 2012

    Coulomb Branch & Charge Lattice. Coulomb branch. Local system of charges (Actually, is a subquotient. Ignore that for this talk. ... They give a "pushforward map" from flat U(1) gauge fields on to flat nonabelian gauge fields on C. They...
  • Carbon Compounds - KATE

    Carbon Compounds - KATE

    These "giant molecules" are called macromolecules. These macromolecules are formed through a process called polymerization (monomers link together to form polymers) Types of Organic Compounds There are four groups of organic compounds found in living things: Carbohydrates Lipids Nucleic ...
  • A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

    A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

    A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Abrahamic Religions * COS 3 Recognize the world's major religions and their founders (Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Moses, Jesus, and Mohammad) * Date and Place founded: Judaism - approximately 1300 B.C. in...
  • Automatic Product Profiling via NLP

    Automatic Product Profiling via NLP

    Extract market profiling and pricing kernel. Update word polarity. Repeat until no more improvement. Steps (cont'd) Extract the words that have significant effect on rating (in terms of maximizing entropy) Initializing Decision Tree. Initial word polarity. Resul.
  • Presentation for Sorensen Institute Class of 2007 State ...

    Presentation for Sorensen Institute Class of 2007 State ...

    High. Low. Close. Volume. Adj Close* sp close. DJIA. QQQ. Sales* To sort the records by ascending or descending on a column, click on the column title. Action. Compare. Monthly Not Seasonally Adjusted Labor Force, Employment and Unemployment data in...
  • PROGETTO PROGETTO COMENIUS COMENIUSMULTILATERALE MULTILATERALEEPEITE EPEITE Ecole Ecole--Patrimoine

    PROGETTO PROGETTO COMENIUS COMENIUSMULTILATERALE MULTILATERALEEPEITE EPEITE Ecole Ecole--Patrimoine

    The Park Nicolae Romanescu The Park Nicolae Romanescu introduces suggestive and attractive characteristics for the ample opened spaces that allow to actually stretch the sight to the lake and to a medieval castle whose very beautiful ruins have been restructured...
  • Reaching the World at Your Doorstep Did you

    Reaching the World at Your Doorstep Did you

    share Christ's love with international students and to equip them for effective service in cooperation with the local church and others. Today . . . Nearly 400 staff and ministry representatives plus 24,000 volunteers are ministering to international students on...