Discovering Computers 2016 Tools, Apps, Devices, and the

Discovering Computers 2016 Tools, Apps, Devices, and the

Discovering Computers 2016 Tools, Apps, Devices, and the Impact of Technology Chapter 4 Programs and Apps Objectives Overview Identify the general categories of programs and apps Describe how an operating system interacts with applications and hardware

Identify key features of productivity applications See Page 158 for Detailed Objectives Differentiate among the ways you can acquire programs and apps Identify the key features of graphics and multimedia applications 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied

or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 2 Objectives Overview Identify the uses of personal interest applications Identify the purpose of software used in communications Identify the key features of security

tools Identify the key features of file, disk, and system management tools See Page 158 for Detailed Objectives 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 3 Programs and Apps

A program, or software, consists of a series of related instructions, organized for a common purpose, that tells the computer what tasks to perform and how to perform them An application, or app, sometimes called application software, consists of programs designed to make users more productive and/or assist them with personal tasks An operating system is a set of programs that coordinates all the activities among computer or mobile device hardware Tools and activities System software Page 158 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 4

Programs and Apps Page 159 Figure 4-1 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 5 Programs and Apps Page 160 Figure 4-2

2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 6 Programs and Apps Software is available in a variety of forms: Page 161 Retail Custom Web app

Mobile app Mobile web app Shareware Freeware Open source Public domain 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied

or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 7 Productivity Applications Productivity applications can assist you in becoming more effective and efficient while performing daily activities at work, school, and home Page 165 Word processing Presentation

Spreadsheet Database Note taking Calendar and contact management Project management Accounting Personal

finance Legal Tax preparation Document management Enterprise computing 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

8 Productivity Applications With productivity applications, users often: Create a project Pages 165 - 166 Edit a project Format a project Save a

project 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Distribut ea project 9 Productivity Applications Word processing software allows users to create and manipulate documents

A major advantage of using word processing software is that it enables users to change their written words easily Page 167 Figure 4-5 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, 10 Productivity Applications Presentation software allows users to create

visual aids for presentations to communicate ideas, messages, and other information to a group Page 168 Figure 4-6 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, 11 Productivity Applications Spreadsheet software allows users to organize data in columns and rows and perform calculations on the data

Pages 168 - 169 Figure 4-7 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 12 Productivity Applications A database is a collection of data organized in a manner that allows access, retrieval, and use of that data Database software allows users to create, access, and manage a database Page 170

Figure 4-8 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 13 Productivity Applications Note taking software is an application that enables users to enter typed text, handwritten comments, drawings, sketches, photos, and links anywhere on a page Page 171 Figure 4-9 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied

or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 14 Productivity Applications Calendar and contact management software is an application that helps you organize your calendar, keep track of contacts, and share this information with other users Page 171 Figure 4-10 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

15 Productivity Applications A software suite is a collection of individual related applications available together as a unit Project management software is an application that allows a user to plan, schedule, track, and analyze the events, resources, and costs of a project Page 172 Figure 4-11 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

16 Productivity Applications Accounting software is an application that helps businesses of all sizes record and report their financial transactions Page 173 Figure 4-12 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 17 Productivity Applications

Personal finance software is a simplified accounting application that helps home users and small/home office users balance their checkbooks, pay bills, track personal income and expenses, verify account balances, transfer funds, track investments, and evaluate financial plans Page 174 Figure 4-13 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 18 Productivity Applications Legal software is an application that assists in the

preparation of legal documents and provides legal information to individuals, families, and small businesses Page 175 Figure 4-14 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 19 Productivity Applications Tax preparation software is an application that can guide individuals, families, or small businesses through the process of filing federal and state

taxes Page 176 Figure 4-15 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 20 Productivity Applications Document management software is an application that provides a means for sharing, distributing, and searching through documents by converting them into a format that can be viewed by any user

Page 176 Figure 4-16 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 21 Productivity Applications A large organization, commonly referred to as an enterprise, requires special computing solutions because of its size and geographic distribution Page 177 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied

or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 22 Graphics and Media Software Pages 180 181 Figures 4-17 4-19 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 23 Graphics and Media Software

Pages 181 183 Figures 4-20 4-21 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 24 Graphics and Media Software Multimedia authoring software allows users to combine text, graphics, audio, video, and animation in an interactive application Website authoring software

helps users of all skill levels create webpages that include graphics, video, audio, animation, and special effects with interactive content Page 184 Figure 4-22 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, 25 Graphics and Media Software A media player is a program that allows you to view

images and animations, listen to audio, and watch video files on your computer or mobile device Disc burning software writes text, graphics, audio, and video files on a recordable or rewritable disc Page 185 Figure 4-23 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, 26

Personal Interest Applications Pages 185 - 186 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 27 Communications Applications Page 188 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

28 Security Tools A personal firewall is a security tool that detects and protects a personal computer and its data from unauthorized intrusions Page 189 Figure 4-24 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 29

Security Tools An antivirus program protects a computer against viruses by identifying and removing any computer viruses found in memory, on storage media, or on incoming files Page 191 Figure 4-25 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 30 Security Tools Spyware is a type of program placed on a computer

or mobile device without the users knowledge that secretly collects information about the user and then communicates the information it collects to some outside source while the user is online Adware is a type of program that displays an online advertisement in a banner or pop-up or pop-under window on webpages, email messages, or other Internet services Page 192 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 31 Security Tools

Page 192 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 32 Security Tools Pages 193 - 194 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

33 File, Disk, and System Management Tools A file manager is a tool that performs functions related to file management Page 194 Figure 4-27 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 34 File, Disk, and System Management Tools A search tool is a

program, usually included with an operating system, that attempts to locate a file, contact, calendar event, app, or any other item stored on your computer or mobile device based on criteria you specify Page 195 Figure 4-28 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, 35

File, Disk, and System Management Tools An image viewer is a tool that allows users to display, copy, and print the contents of a graphics file, such as a photo An uninstaller is a tool that removes a program, as well as any associated entries in the system files Page 195 Figure 4-29 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website,

36 File, Disk, and System Management Tools A disk cleanup tool searches for and removes unnecessary files Page 196 Figure 4-30 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 37 File, Disk, and System Management Tools A disk defragmenter is a tool that reorganizes the files

and unused space on a computers hard disk so that the operating system accesses data more quickly and programs run faster Defragmenting Page 197 Figure 4-31 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 38 File, Disk, and System Management Tools Pages 197 - 198

2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. 39 File, Disk, and System Management Tools A backup tool allows users to copy, or back up, selected files or the contents of an entire storage medium to another storage location A restore tool reverses the process and returns backed up files to their

original form Page 198 Figure 4-32 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, 40 Summary Page 199 2016 Cengage Learning. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

41 Discovering Computers 2016 Tools, Apps, Devices, and the Impact of Technology Chapter 4 Programs and Apps Chapter 4 Complete

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