National Confidential Enquiry into Patient outcome and Death

National Confidential Enquiry into Patient outcome and Death

National Confidential Enquiry into Patient outcome and Death (2008) reviewing the care of patients who died within 30 days of receiving anti-cancer chemotherapy. Professor Derek Bell a physicians perspective Areas to be covered Hospital resources Hospital admissions during the last 30 days of life End of Life Care Overall Care and Management problems Map to current knowledge or training SACT prescriptions Safety of SACT A physicians perspective Improve quality of care Safer patient environment Reduce variability

NCEPOD data Population At risk population Older population 86% were for palliative treatment 21% were severely debilitated (performance score 3 or 4) Commonest complications in this group of patients Neutropenia, neutropenic sepsis or infection Sepsis high mortality Others largely metabolic Trends in adverse drug reactions ICD-10 1998-9 1999-00 2000-1 2001-2

2002-3 2003-4 2004-5 % Change 19982005 Y40 Systemic antibiotics 4,206 4,212 4,533

4,341 4,697 5,624 6,449 53.3 Y41 Other systemic antiinfectives/ antiparasitics 829 816 1,017

945 1,195 1,134 1,453 75.3 Y42 Hormones (including synthetic, antagonist s) 4,547 5,088

4,934 5,113 5,803 5,461 5,319 17 Y43 Primarily systemic agents 7,501 8,271

9,078 9,877 10,766 11,226 12,054 60.7 Background there are inequalities in outcome for patients Patients admitted as an emergency at weekends and overnight have poorer outcomes Over 200000 deaths in the UK in 2005/2006 Top 50 causes of death Medical Emergencies

Oncological Emergencies Surgical Emergencies Includes death from sepsis but not specifically neutropenia Reasons ? Resources Competency Process General Internal Medicine (Acute) Curricula Include; the recognition, management and treatment of sepsis Acute Care Common Stem 2007 General Internal Medicine 2003 the recognition, management and treatment medical oncological emergencies

haematological emergencies infection General Internal Medicine (Acute) level 1 and 2 - 2007 General Internal Medicine (Acute) level 1, 2 and 3 2007 Surviving Sepsis Campaign GIM curricula Problem Sepsis syndrome [for neutropenic sepsis see 2.1.(ii)] Knowledge Sites of origin Microbial causes: antibiotic rationale Definition of Toxic Shock Syndrome Skills Initiate investigations to establish the diagnosis Recognise and initiate immediate management of: Hypotension Pulmonary oedema Adult respiratory distress syndrome

Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC) Services and Facilities Access to diagnostic services 24 hours per day by hospital type 120 100 80 % Cancer Centre 60 University DGH 40 20

0 Plain X-ray Ultrasound CT scan Site Haematology Services and Facilities Critical care facilities by hospital type 120 100 % 80 Level 3

60 Level 2 40 20 0 Cancer Centre University Site DGH Communication Need to improve communication between Oncological services and Acute/Emergency care Formal arrangements Medical advice Patient notes

Clear patient pathways Admissions Transfers 1:4,1:5 die in a different hospital from treatment centre Treatment Standardisation of documentation Acute Medicine Task Force Royal College of Physicians London Encompasses many similar recommendations Level 2 care Isolation Facilities Competent Decision Makers Summary A serious issue Part of a larger patient safety agenda

Solutions Collaborative working Improved communication Ensuring and maintaining competencies for all Optimal support services 24/7 Improving our processes of care Recognise the importance of multi-professional care Colleges of Physicians and SAM have shown a commitment to improving acute care Consensus Conference 13th and 14th November References

Bell CM, Redelmeier DA. Mortality among patients admitted to hospital on weekends as compared with weekdays. N Engl J Med. 2001; 345:663-668. Kostis WJ, Demissie K, et al Weekend versus Weekday Admission and Mortality from Myocardial Infarction. NEJM 2007;356:1099-1109 Barba R, Losa JE, et al Mortality among adult patients admitted to the hospital on weekends. Eur J Int Med. 2006:17;322-324 All medical curricula Aylin P, Yunis A et al Weekend mortality for non-elective admissions in England Abstract Society for Acute Medicine Oct 2007 Patel H, Bell D et al Trends in Hospital Admissions for Adverse Drug Reactions in England: Analysis of National Hospital Episode Statistics 1998-2005 BMC Clin Pharmacol. 2007 The right person in the right setting first time. RCPL 2007

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