The Battle of Britain Overview Events that Influenced

The Battle of Britain Overview Events that Influenced

The Battle of Britain Overview Events that Influenced the Outcome of the Battle of Britain 2015 - The 75th Anniversary Remembrance John Sessions and Mike Lavelle Adrian Stewart 21 January, 2015 Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle

The Battle of Britain The 75th Anniversary Remembrance Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain The 75th Anniversary Remembrance What was the Battle of Britain? When did it begin? When did it end? 1919

1935 Germany Rearms 1940 German Luftwaffe Established 1940 RAF Battle of Britain

10 July 1945 Battle Over Britain The Blitz Rocket Attacks 31 Oct. Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain Hans Von Seeckt 1919 - 1936

1925 German officers on maneuvers with General Seeckt The Battle of Britain Architect of the German Luftwaffe Provided his influence through the allowed Defense Ministry Advocated a strategic air force Felt Russia provided needed resources for logistical support, i.e. oil, fuel Arranged a covert military flight training operations and testing center in Lipetsk, Russia Hans Von Seeckt 1919 - 1936

Developed new Luftwaffe Officer Corp Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain Lipetsk Fokker VIII Fokker VIII Covert Routes to the East - Lipetsk, Russia 1925-1933 Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain Events that Influenced the Outcome of the Battle of Britain

1932 World War I Air Combat Experience Realized the Importance of Attrition Promoted Defense vs. Offense R&D Post with Air Ministry New Aircraft Development & RDF Harsh with Air Ministry Staff Freely spoke his mind Air Chief Marshal Sir Hugh Dowding Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain Events that Influenced the Outcome of the Battle of Britain

Sydney Camm Hawker Hurricane Prototype K5083 First Flight - November 1935 Reginald Mitchell Supermarine Spitfire Prototype K5054 First Flight - March 1936 Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain

Events that Influenced the Outcome of the Battle of Britain Daventry Experiment 1935 - 1940 Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain Events that Influenced the Outcome of the Battle of Britain Daventry Experiment 1935 - 1940 Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle

The Battle of Britain Events that Influenced the Outcome of the Battle of Britain Daventry Experiment 1935 - 1940 Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain German Luftwaffe Direction and Leadership Hermann Goring Aviation Ministry Erhard Milch Secretary of State for Aviation

1935 March - German Luftwaffe Revealed The Battle of Britain German Luftwaffe Direction and Leadership Hermann Goring Aviation Ministry Erhard Milch Secretary of State for Aviation 1933 only 500 Officers had flight training 1933 only 3200 employed in

8 airframe manufactures Transfer general staff officers to the Air Ministry 1933 goal to produce 1000 aircraft (224 military types) Retired WWI officers offered administrative and technical positions 1934 had 11,0000 aircraft workers and 5700 aircraft engine workers.

1934 over 1000 new officers trained 7 training centers inside Germany for Luftwaffe 1934 Rhineland Program goal 4000 aircraft for Luftwaffe 1935 Full fledge Luftwaffe organization 1935 to 1936 the aircraft industry work force had grown to 124, 848

1933 - German Luftwaffe Established The Battle of Britain !933 -1936 The General Walther Wever Years General Major Wever Chief of Air Staff - Battlefield Vision Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain !933 -1935 The General Walther Wever Years

JU - 89 Dornier DO-19 To destroy the enemy air force by bombing its bases and aircraft factories, and defeating enemy air forces attacking German targets. To prevent the movement of large enemy ground forces to the decisive areas by destroying railways and roads, particularly bridges and tunnels, which are indispensable for the movement and supply of forces To support the operations of the army formations, independent of railways, i.e., armored forces and motorized forces, by impeding the enemy advance and participating directly in ground operations. Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle

The Battle of Britain !933 -1935 The General Walther Wever Years Proposed ME 264 JU - 89 Dornier DO-19 To destroy the enemy air force by bombing its bases and aircraft factories, and defeating enemy air forces attacking German targets. To prevent the movement of large enemy ground forces to the decisive areas by destroying railways and roads, particularly bridges and tunnels, which are indispensable for the movement and supply of forces

To support the operations of the army formations, independent of railways, i.e., armored forces and motorized forces, by impeding the enemy advance and participating directly in ground operations. Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain !933 -1935 The General Walther Wever Years Proposed ME 264 JU - 89 Dornier DO-19

To destroy the enemy air force by bombing its bases and aircraft factories, and defeating enemy air forces German targets. He attacking -177 To prevent the movement of large enemy ground forces to the decisive areas by destroying railways and roads, particularly bridges and tunnels, which are indispensable for the movement and supply of forces To support the operations of the army formations, independent of railways, i.e., armored forces and motorized forces, by impeding the enemy advance and participating directly in ground operations. Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain !933 -1935

The General Walther Wever Years 36 9 1 n di e g n cha Dornier DO-19 r e mb

o B gebases and aircraft factories, and n To destroy the enemy air force by bombing its a R ng defeating enemy air forces targets. He attacking -177gic LoGerman e t

tr a S a To prevent the movement t for of large enemy ground forces to the decisive areas by n e m and roads, particularly bridges and tunnels, which are destroying railways elop v e D indispensable

for the movement and supply of forces Proposed ME 264 JU - 89 To support the operations of the army formations, independent of railways, i.e., armored forces and motorized forces, by impeding the enemy advance and participating directly in ground operations. Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain 1936 1945 High Ranking Luftwaffe Leadership Albert Kesselring

Hugo Sperrle Wolfram von Richthofen The Battle of Britain 1936 1939 Legion Condor HE-51 B-1 3 years of operational experience gained ME -109 B-1 JU -52/3m

Operation Magic Fire The Battle of Britain D A C B D Basic German Schwarm Formation B C

A Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain RAF Vic Fighter Formation The Battle of Britain RAF Vic Fighter Formation The Battle of Britain Operational Summary 28 July 1936 to 29 March 1939

19,000 Germany Luftwaffe served 226 Killed in action 139 wounded 232 operational aircraft losses 72 to enemy action Confirmed value of Dive Bombing Confirmed value of high performance bomber Example of type and number of Legion Condor Aircraft The Battle of Britain Luftwaffe Lessons ignored The fact that we suffered only slight looses despite being outnumbered is due to the inadequate training and erratic leadership of the enemy airmen, and to the greater speed of

our own fighters.. It proved impossible to inflict lasting damage on, or to put out of action completely, any enemy air force ground installation. It also proved impossible to knock out enemy air forces on the ground because of the high degree of flexibility of enemy formations. The Battle of Britain Neville Chamberlain returns from Munich Peace in our time 1938 Munich Agreement September 30 The Battle of Britain

Munich Agreement Benefits 1938 First operational RDF station Additional fighter airfields established Additional year to train personnel Pilots Mechanics (Fitters and armament) Observer Corp RDF Station operations Shadow aircraft factories begin 1938 Hurricanes & Spitfires to RAF Sq. 1938 Prime Minister Chamberlain

The Battle of Britain 11 months after the Munich agreement Poland is invaded September 1, 1939 The Battle of Britain 1939 Poland facing the overwhelming odds Germany had 11 tank divisions compared to Polands 1 Germany had 40 infantry divisions compared to Polands 30 Germany four motorized divisions compared to none in Poland Germany had one cavalry brigade compared to Polands eleven Poland best offered defense

The Battle of Britain 1939 Poland facing the overwhelming odds Germany had 11 tank divisions compared to Polands 1 Germany had 40 infantry divisions compared to Polands 30 Germany four motorized divisions compared to none in Poland Germany had one cavalry brigade compared to Polands eleven Ernst Udet Stuka, JU-87 Poland best offered defense The Battle of Britain The Polish Airmen stood up to the German Luftwaffe German Luftwaffe Losses

285 Aircraft destroyed 279 Severely damaged 189 Crew killed In action 224 Missing 126 Wounded Polish Fighter PZL 7 When comparing the combat potential of both sides, this was by no means a bad result for the Polish Air Force. Many Polish pilots would escape to the UK and make major contributions during the Battle of Britain and the rest of the war. Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain The Battle of Britain

May 10, 1940, was one of the most dramatic days in British history. Churchill became Prime Minister of England. Churchills willingness to fight on based on three mistaken assumptions Germanys economy stretch to the limit United States soon to enter war New Operations Executive Order would set Europe ablaze. Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain May 10, 1940, was one of the most dramatic days in British history. Churchill became

Prime Minister of England. Churchills willingness to fight on based on three mistaken assumptions Germanys economy stretch to the limit United States soon to enter war New Operations Executive Order would set Europe ablaze. What General Weygand called the Battle of France is over. I except that the Battle of Britain is about to begin Churchill , June 18, 1940 - House of CommonsCopyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain May 10 June 4, 1940

Battle of France Losses 386 Hurricanes 67 Spitfires Dowding biggest loss Pilots Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain 1940 The Fall of France RAF Lessons Learned Gun Harmonization at 250 yds. Vs. 400 yds Change to flexible pair combat formation Leadership at Squadron level proven sound France was not a good rehearsal for The Battle of Britain

Outclassed aircraft make no Contribution Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain 1940 July The RAF would now fight a battle they had planned The Battle of Britain 1940 July October , Phases of the Battle of Britain Phase 1: Beginning July 1940 German attacks on Channel shipping Phase 2:

From 7 August the eve of Adlertag (Eagle Day) to September 7th the RAF called the critical period when airfield were under heavy attack until first week September Phase 3: September 7th Attacks centered on London by day and night Copyrighted Presentation Mike Lavelle The Battle of Britain 1940 - 1941 The Battle of Britain Continued Air raid casualties 1940 20000 18000

23,002 total killed 16000 32,138 total injured 27,486 tons of bombs fell on London and eight other cities 14000 12000

Killed Injured 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 July/ Aug Sep/ Oct

Nov/ Dec 60,595 British civilians had been killed by bombs, v-weapons &long range guns wars by end The Battle of Britain Questions and Discussion Thank you for Attending 2015 - The 75th Anniversary

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