Essential Question: How did Americas role in the world change from 1890 to 1914? USWA Agenda for Unit 2: Clicker Preview Questions American Imperialism notes Todays HW: 18.1 and 18.2 Unit 2 Test: TBD
From 1890 to 1914, the United States expanded its role in world affairs and gained new overseas colonies Class Activity: Was this a radical shift from previous U.S. foreign policy? Use the following documents to explain Americas
role in the world from 1790 to 1900 The Great rule of conduct for [the U.S.], in regard to foreign Nations is in extending our commercial relations to have with them as little political connection as possible... 'Tis our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances, with any portion of the foreign world George Washington, Farewell Address (1796)
The American continentsare henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers. We should consider any attempt on their part to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety The Monroe Doctrine (1823)
The American claim is by the right of our manifest destiny to overspread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and federated self-government entrusted to us John OSullivan New York Morning News (1845) American factories are making more
than the American people can use; American soil is producing more than they can consume. Fate has written our policy for us; the trade of the world must and shall be ours. Senator Albert Beveridge (1898) When the USA was a new nation, it was limited to
13 states in territory east of the Mississippi River George Washington promoted neutrality and warned against alliances with European nations By the 1820s, the U.S. purchased Louisiana, won the War of 1812, gained Florida,
and was no longer an infant nation In 1823 President James Monroe issued the Monroe Doctrine asserting neutrality but that the U.S. would protect the western hemisphere from European influence In the 1840s, President James Polk used an aggressive foreign policy (including treaties, purchases, and war with Mexico) to gain all lands to the Pacific
Ocean and fulfill Americas Manifest Destiny During the Gilded Age, the United States emerged as an imperial power by gaining Alaska, Hawaii, Guam, Puerto Rico, the Philippines and leading construction of the Panama Canal during the Gilded Age, the United States
gained overseas territories and thought of itself as an equal power to European nations Americans were motivated to imperialize for a variety of reasons during the Gilded Age Small group discussion: Brainstorm at least three reasons why the U.S. was motivated to expand and claim overseas colonies
Americans were motivated to imperialize for a variety of reasons during the Gilded Age American industry grew so large that companies needed new sources of raw materials and overseas markets to sell their products Americans were motivated to imperialize for a variety of reasons during the Gilded
Age In 1890, the U.S. census revealed that the American frontier was closed and there were no new lands in the west to expand into Americans were motivated to imperialize for a variety of reasons during the Gilded Ageto keep up with other
Americans felt the need European imperial nations who were building colonies Americans were motivated to imperialize for a variety of reasons during the Gilded Age Admiral Alfred Mahan encouraged the USA to build a modern navy so it could compete with European militaries
World tour of the Great White Fleet Americans were motivated to imperialize for a variety of reasons during the Gilded Age Many believed in Social Darwinism and the responsibility to civilize the inferior races of
the world by spreading technology, Christianity, and democracy also known as the White Mans Burden White Mans Burden By Rudyard Kipling (1899) Take up the White Man's burden-Send forth the best ye breed-Go bind your sons to exile To serve your captives' need; To wait in heavy harness,
On fluttered folk and wild-Your new-caught, sullen peoples, Half-devil and half-child. Take up the White Man's burden-In patience to abide, To veil the threat of terror And check the show of pride; By open speech and simple, An hundred times made plain To seek another's profit, And work another's gain.
After each section of the notes, write a newspaper headline that accurately and succinctly defines Americas imperialist actions From 1820 to 1890, In 1891, Queen Liliuokalani U.S. Imperialism: HAWAII
Americans moved came to power and tried to Hawaii as to reduce the power of missionaries and fruit Americans living in Hawaii plantation owners Americans overthrew Queen Liliuokalani in 1893 and Hawaii was annexed by the USA in 1898
By the 1890s,U.S. European imperial powers carved Imperialism: CHINA China into spheres of influence, giving them exclusive trade rights in Chinese ports In 1899, the USA declared an
Open Door Policy in China to allow free trade by any nation in any port In 1895, Cubans declared their independence U.S.To Imperialism: CUBA from Spain; put down the revolution,
Spain used brutal tactics (like starvation) U.S. newspapers sensationalized the events in Cuba (known as yellow journalism) U.S.War Imperialism: CUBA
Spanish-American Video (3.09) In 1898, the U.S. sent the USS Maine to Cuba to protect American interests there; After the ship mysteriously exploded, Americans declared war on Spain Yellow Journalism contributed to the outbreak of the Spanish-American War
The U.S. easily won the Spanish-American War to free Cuba and the Philippines from Spain Teddy Roosevelt and the Rough Riders As a result of the Spanish-American War, Cuba was liberated and the USA annexed the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico
When the Philippines were annexed and not granted U.S. Imperialism: PHILIPPINES independence, the Filipino War began in 1899 The Filipino-American War lasted 3 years and cost more American lives than the Spanish-American War Quick Class Survey: Agree or Disagree
1. It is justifiable for the United States to use military force to protect U.S. financial interests. 2. It is justifiable to go to war to defend an ally of the United States. 3. It is acceptable for the United States to promote Christianity in other nations. 4. Diplomacy is the only acceptable foreign policy. 5. It is acceptable to go to war to remove dictatorships and promote democracy. 6. It is the U.S. responsibility to be the policemen of the world. 7. President Washington was correct the United States should avoid foreign entanglements.
8. It might not be politically correct, but the United States really is a superior nation. 9. The United States must maintain a superior military force for national security. 10. A wealthy nation like the United States should offer economic or military aid when a weaker nation requests it. When Theodore Roosevelt became president, he used Big Stick Diplomacy to develop an active foreign policy with a strong navy to accomplish goals
Speak softly and carry a big stick, you will go far TRs favorite proverb TR added the Roosevelt Corollary to the Theodore Roosevelt and
the Roosevelt Corollary Monroe Doctrine, giving the USA police powers to protect Latin America from European imperialism The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, 1904 One CANAL
of TRs top U.S. Imperialism: PANAMA objectives was to build a canal in Panama to help U.S. naval and commercial ships But, the govt of Colombia rejected the U.S. offer to build a canal in Panama so TR encouraged Panama to break from Colombia
With U.S. help, Panama gained its independence from Colombia in 1903 and the new government agreed to allow the U.S. to build the canal Panama Canal Video (3.20) In 1914, the Panama Canal was finished and controlled by the United States How the Panama Canal Works
Not all Americans supported imperialism The Anti-Imperialist League formed in 1899 to fight American annexation of the Philippines Many argued that the
United States had no right to force American culture upon others By the 20th century, the USA was a world power The industrial revolution transformed the USA into an economic power The USA built the worlds third largest navy
America annexed important new territories in the Caribbean and Asia America asserted itself as an equal to European nations and used its influence to build the Panama Canal, protect Latin America, and trade in Asia
United States: Imperialist or Good Neighbor? Did the foreign policy actions of the United States reflect selfish, imperialist ambitions or did the USA act as a concerned big-brother who was looking after the interests of the western hemisphere? Use examples from this unit that provide evidence of both arguments. Take a side and make an argument (thesis) Hurrah! The Country Is Saved Again
United States: Imperialist or Good Neighbor? Did the foreign policy actions of the United States reflect selfish, imperialist ambitions or did the USA act as a concerned big-brother who was looking after the interests of the western hemisphere? Use examples from this unit that provide evidence of both arguments. Take a side and make an argument (thesis)
American Imperialism PICTIONARY Each team will be assigned 1 of the following topics on U.S. foreign policy & will create an illustration that represents their topic When finished, each class group will try to guess what topic the group was assigned 7. Effects of the 1. Reasons for U.S. Spanish-American War
Imperialism 8. Big Stick Diplomacy 2. Social Darwinism 9. Built the Panama Canal 3. U.S. annexed Hawaii 10.Anti-Imperialist League 4. Causes of the Spanish-American War 11.Roosevelt Corollary to 5. Open Door Policy in China the Monroe Doctrine 6. Causes of Filipino War 12.Yellow Journalism
Closure Activity No economic control of the nation or region No political control of the nation or region Total economic control of the nation or region
Copy the following spectrum chart There are 2 axis: political control & economic control For each example of U.S. foreign policy, write the
name of the place (i.e. Hawaii) on the spectrum where appropriate Total political control of the nation or region
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