SCIENCE COMMUNICATION My Experiences Dr (Mrs) Sunita Garg

SCIENCE COMMUNICATION My Experiences Dr (Mrs) Sunita Garg

SCIENCE COMMUNICATION My Experiences Dr (Mrs) Sunita Garg Emeritus Scientist (Former Chief Scientist, Head, Wealth of India Division, RHMD and Sales & Marketing; Founder/Editor, IJNPR and NPARR) National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR), CSIR Dr K. S. Krishnan Marg (Pusa Campus) New Delhi-110 012 Phone:+91-25846001;9899148298 E-mail: [email protected] Website: www.niscair.res.in

SCIENCE COMMUNICATION In my opinion Development of Science is like a Bud which spreads its essence and beauty only after it opens as flower. Research/Science remains in the mind and lab of the inventor till it is made available in open domain or published in any recognized publication (not valid in any popular science magazine or news paper). The findings should be known /Communicated to other researchers for RE-SEARCH.

Development needs. De ve lop me nt Research Applications Communication MODES OF SCIENCE COMMUNICATION/ DISSEMINATION

Communicating scientific information via Primary publications (Res. Journals), Secondary Publications (Abstracting journals) and Tertiary publications ( books etc.), meetings or as part of science centre and museum, exhibitions, popular science books, broadcast news and social media , viz. documentaries, magazines, radio programmes and Web technologies are the fastest mode of communication in the era of WWW (World Wide Web. This is nothing but Practice/experience, it can not be taught but improved. CSIR-NISCAIR CORE ACTIVITIES Science communication /Dissemination

19 research journals & 3 abstracting journals 3 popular science magazines Popular science books 2 R&D Newsletters Multi-media communication Information Resources & Services NISCAIR Online Periodicals Repository (NOPR) The Wealth of India RHMD National Science Library HRD Training Training and skill development in library automation, bibliometrics, science communication, etc. EDITORS/PUBLISHERS: ESSENTIAL

SERVICES Liaising with researchers (Authors), senior subject experts and publishers/printers. Editorial assistance: Submission in the format of the journal/ book, fonts etc. , Plagiarism certificate. Plates and Figures, Tables etc., Language, References. Approval and suggestions from experts (reviewers). Comments communication to authors, rejection or improvements. Scanning of figs / Plates , formatting. Texts formatting, paginations, placements of Figs and plates, Legends. Proofs to authors, incorporation of corrections. DTP and press ready manuscripts. IT persons to upload the papers for online access by authors/readers.

EDITORS/PUBLISHERS: ESSENTIAL SERVICES contd Providing a finished product on a regular basis. Good computing skills ----MUST. Language skills are useful. Ability to communicate large amounts of complicated information clearly and concisely. Good scientific knowledge and a fascination with science. Ability to understand the main and allied subjects and learn new information quickly. Ability to understand and use statistical information. Ability to work well in a team and work in tight deadlines. Acceptance of papers 1. Under the scope of journal 2. Ethical declaration 3. Approved by both referees

4. Not approved but suggested corrections. 5. Editorial corrections + referees suggestions incorporated. 6. Revised by authors 7. Accepted for publication 8. Minimum 1 year process Scientific writing/ literary writing Literature: Beauty of hill station, Imaginary, could not be repeated, no need to present facts Scientist: Height, air velocity, temperature

and prevailing flora and fauna. Factual, not hypothetical. Science writer should convince whole world with his/her ideas. In future that research could be repeated. Scientific writing Publish or Perish ; Publications are index of scientists intellectual worth BUT PUBLISH WHEN Novelty WHAT- Quality not quantity WHERE- Effective publication in research journal, (not in newspaper etc) Writing a scientific paper.. Preparations

Salient features of a good paper Different parts of a paper (IMRAD: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion ) Presentation of data ( current systems of measurements , not ft use m, mm or cm) Editorial process (Use editorial symbols) Ethics of publication Salient features of a good paper Written in view of the scope and style of the journal. Clear Objective of doing particular research. Coherence of sentences i.e. there are not many short and choppy sentences eg. The experiment was

conducted on five rats. The rats were albino rats. The rats weighed between 200 and 400g. Correct sentence is the Experiment was conducted on five albino rats weighing between 200-400g. Salient features of a good paper Contd.. No Excessive use of acronyms eg.CSIR, CCRAS, etc. Approximate temp. wt, height length, time. Some acid was added, small quantity of sodium added, incorrect. The experiment mentioned can be repeated hence complete and correct information is to be given.

Analytical or statistical data should be presented in tables and graphics. Botanical / Scientific Names: Single valid name but synonyms, Basionyms and changed names are also important Eg. Catunaregam spinosa ( Thunb.) Tirveng. syn. Randia spinosa; R. dumetorum ; Xeromphis spinosa ( received as R. dumetorum) . Literature survey remains incomplete unless checked under all names Complete Literature Survey eg. Different parts of a paper

Title : Reflect content of the paper like a mirror . Author : Maintain clarity in the address of multiauthor contributions Abstract : Done What, how and found what. Keywords: Parts of titles Introduction : Area of research, Context, What is already known, gap of the work, Justification for the research work done, Benefit of the present work Materials and Methods: Equipment, chemicals and procedure Source of material, solvents, quantities used, temp., pressure. Plant identity, season , place of collection, Animal ethical society permission. Results & Discussion: No false reporting. Land mark for further studies Conclusion . Comparison of authors findings with others work and give logical reasons for his findings and its significance. Acknowledgement: Financial/technical assistance to be acknowledged References : A link between present and earlier work of the same field. A sufficient support to start new study

Tables/Figures: Reflection of observations Salient features of good journal Core/ Non-core journal Peer-reviewed journal Periodicity Online? Guidelines to authors Indexed Journal: The journals which are

covered in many indexing and current awareness journals help in prompt dissemination of new information Impact Factor Impact Factor Impact Factor of a journal is the measurement of its citation in subsequent publications by researchers. It is calculated by dividing the number of citations received by the journal for papers published in it in the previous two years divided by the total number of papers. Example: Number of citations of the journal in 2014-2015= 100 Number of papers published in 2014 and 2015= 40

Impact factor of the journal= 100/40= 2.5 The Institute of Scientific Information (ISI), Philadelphia, now known as Thomson ISI do this calculation and regularly bring out a publication, Journal Citation Report (JCR) listing the impact factor of journals. Though IF is regarded very high factor it has pitfalls also eg. citation of the paper depends on the need of researcher and not the quality of journal. My Experiences Publication of Ph. D. thesis work as research papers Publication of Thesis as Book Compilation and collation of research papers on varied topics (Nomenclature,

description, distribution Cultivation, harvesting, yield, Export and Import Diseases and Pests , Utilization, etc related to various genera to be included in Wealth of India. Popular science Article on Mango kernel (in back of my mind was traditional practice) and Naming of plants ( Taxonomic background). First Radio talk on Kuttu ( Again a traditional Practice) Semipopular book on Mango in India . It was exciting when I got published some papers on different plants other than my thesis work. My Experiences We may come from different backgrounds but our intentions/goals help us in growing. Many new terminologies and technologies are to be

learned. On behalf of NISCAIR Started New Research Journal and one online Repository (ISSN from NSL-NISCAIR). As founder Editor (Indian Journal of Natural Products and Resources) ( Registration to outreach). My Experiences TO BE SUCCESSFUL SCIENTISTS FINDINGS IS ESSENTIAL. COMMUNICATION OF EVERYWHERE FORMULA IS SAME < BE CLEAR, BE SINCERE,

CONFIDENT WITH FACTS WHAT YOU ARE GOING TO SAY OR PUBLISH BECAUSE RESEARCH IS RE + SEARCH --- A NONENDING PROCESS TO PROVE YOU WRONG OR SUPPORT. COMMUNICATE IMMEDIATELY WHATEVER FINDINGS ARE WITH YOU TO FOSTER COLLABORATION AND INNOVATION. SCIENCE COMMUNICATION EMPOWERS SCIENTISTS TO TALK PUBLICLY ABOUT THEIR FINDINGS. ITS A SCIENCE OUT OF SCIENCE IF YOU ARE EDITING YOUR OWN PAPER. EDITING OTHERS PAPER IS PASSION (ENJOY PUTTING QUERIES) BE SMART S = Specific: Stick to the subject, focus on given topic M= Method: Write actual materials and methods adopted

A = Analysis: Results analysis as per the designed method R= Results: Should not be ambiguous and cooked T= Tables : Display tables for comparative and clear understandings

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