Handout Package of clay To Do: Review Purposes of Art Sculpture Notes/Lecture
Sculpture Activity Exit Slip Purposes of Art On a blank half sheet of paper do the following:
*List the five purposes of art *Give a real-life example of each purpose 1. Ex. Ceremonial Stained Glass Window in a Church
2. 3. 4. 5.
Sculpture: a 3-dimensional piece of art that takes up space. There are two basic kinds: 1 - Free-Standing
2 - Relief Sculpture A free-standing sculpture is also called full round,
meaning you can walk around it. Auguste Rodin, Burghers of Calais
This one is carved from a single piece of wood. This is free standing, you can walk around it.
Laocon and his sons. (20 B.C. Greek) Relief Sculpture Relief sculpture is where
the form projects out of the plane: flat panel with ONE side that is 3-D Low and High Relief
Sculpture Low High
Bas-relief is a method of sculpting which entails carving or etching away the surface of a flat piece of stone or metal.To put it simply it is a sculpture portrayed in a very life-like manner, with great dimension.
Parthenon Frieze Sculpture can also be linear, made of wire or other materials and function as a mobile
Pieces of wood make up this linear sculpture -Open Forms -Closed Forms Both terms refer to where
the eye is drawn to. This piece shows open form because it leads the eye outward.
It is by a famous sculptor named Giacometti. This one is open, and also leads our eye upward and
outward. This is also a closed form This is closed because
the eye is drawn back into the figure. So is this.
The Kiss by Brancusi, 1912, Limestone, 23 high Additive & Subtractive The two basic ways a sculpture is created.
Additive means adding to. It could include assembling materials, modeling as with clay, or casting metals or other substances. Subtractive means taking away. This
usually means carving. This sculpture is additive. Subtractive means wood or stone
or other medium is carved away This is Donatello's statue of St. Mark Anything that is carved is subtractive.
This was carved from marble An unfinished sculpture in marble by Michelangelo
Pope Julius II Tomb This was carved with a chain saw from a diseased tree, its in England. After the ice
storm here in Lexington, people made sculptures
out of injured or dead trees Chainsaw Sculpture Video
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D1LaSzwsA_I Casting is when an artist takes a metal or other material and heats it to liquid then pours it into a mold.
It is an additive form of sculpture. Bronze Casting Video Lost Wax Casting Time Lapse https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6-TxIKt2cUE
This is a cast of Rodins famous
sculpture The Thinker http://louisville.edu/about/thinker/
Dantes Inferno inspired The Gates of Hell by Rodin
Additive Sculpture Full-Round Instructions Step 1: Open your package of clay Step 2: Divide your clay into 15 pieces These should correspond in size to the following: 2 Hands, 2 forearms, 2
biceps, 2 Feet, 2 lower legs, 2 thighs, 1 torso, 1 neck, 1 head = 15 pieces Step 3: build and additive full-round sculpture of a person using these pieces Step 4: Make sure it can stand on its own!
Step 5: Show me when you are done Subtractive Sculpture Relief Instructions Step 1: Open your package of clay
Step 2: Work your clay into a square block Step 3: Using the provided tools begin removing clay from the block to create a face. Make sure you do not pick it up while working; the back should remain flat to be a relief sculpture.
Step 4: Be sure to include as much detail as possible; nose, eyes, ears, mouth, eyes, etc. Step 5: Show me when you are finished. Exit Slip
1. Draw an example of a relief sculpture 2. How do you know if something is full-round? 3. What type of sculpture might use a hammer and chisel? 4. What type of sculpture might use melted
bronze? 5. A linear sculpture consists mainly of what element of art?
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