In-Class Writing Think about the work you have done so far in Project Space. Answer each question thoroughly and in full sentences. 1. Have you done all the required readings so far? If so, have they enhanced your understanding of the Project? If not, do you plan to read them soon? 2. Do you already know what cultural/social issue(s) you plan to analyze in connection with your place/space? If so, what are they? If not, brainstorm some ideas here. Remember, this can be a lot of things, and it will depend on your place/space what they
are. If you are not connecting your place/space to any issues, it will be difficult to find material for a rich analysis, and your paper will lack exigence (a reason for being/existing) 3. If you had to come up with a thesis for your Project Space Essay right here and right now, what might it be? Sharing Your Fieldwork Report with the Class Can I get at least 5 or 6 volunteers to share something about their Ethnography (Fieldwork) with the class?
Tell the class where you went and why you chose that place. Mention at least 2 interesting things you want to share about your fieldwork report. This could be anything: an interesting fact about your place/space, something funny or serious that happened, or something you saw. Analyze Me! The process of analyzing is not just a technique that we use to understand written text, but it is a fundamental process that we all use in order to navigate through the sea of information we obtain everyday. - For example we analyze the type of clothing to wear,
what type of gadgets/ phones to buy, and we also analyze the people we are with and those we meet. Review: What does it mean to write analytically? The Definition of Analyze When you analyze something you identify the component parts (the elements that it is made of). You figure out what those aspects, elements, or parts are, and you examine them closely and criticallyidentify what they are, how they relate to each other, and sometimes even how they relate other things outside of what you are analyzing. Analysis is usually prompted by curiosity. How does something work? What are the connections between two
events or trends? Etc. Analyzing non-written texts such as Visual, Audio, or Multimedia texts is very similar to analyzing written texts, however there are some special considerations. Pages 49-52 in Pop Perspectives takes a look at what these special considerations are for a number of different kinds of non-written texts. Review: Expectations for Analytical Writing as an Academic Genre Analytical writing is a task that you will probably be called on to perform many times in your academic career. In the last essay, you wrote from a more personal, narrative
perspective. For this essay, I am going to be asking you to assume a more formal, academic tone. Your focus should be on your observations and analysis of your subject, not on yourself as an author. This means you should limit your use of I and me when referring to yourself to places where these words are absolutely necessary. Note this was NOT true for your Ethnography, where you could use I freely when reporting where you went and what you saw. This is just ONE of the reasons that the Essay is written differently than the Ethnography. You can USE your observations and other material from the Ethnography IN your essay, but you might need to rewrite them slightly differently.
Four Common Types of Analysis There are four common types of analysis: rhetorical analysis, process analysis, casual analysis, and data analysis Rhetorical analysis: is a type of analysis that focuses on written, visual , and audio text, or a combination of all three elements. This type of analysis allows the audience to gain a better understanding to the message which the author, designer, or artist tries to convey. Rhetorical Analysis does not only deal with the word choice of a written text, but also the structure, the size, or the image that is presented. ( For example analyzing articles, commercials, songs, and bill board advertisement) Process analysis: analyzes the step by step process in some type of event or action. ( for example analyzing the process of
ice skating) Casual analysis: analyzes the cause of something. (ex. analyzing the causes of the Great Depression) Data analysis: analyzes information from resources such as Review: In Your Textbook: In your upcoming Analysis Essay, you are focusing your analysis on your chosen place/space and how it connects to cultures/ subcultures/communities Remember, your place/space is BOTH visual and auditoryactually it uses all 5 senses and therefore is a unique find of textthe experiential (experience-based) text.
Your textbook has some suggestions on how you might analyze these kinds of texts: Page 51 Analyzing Cultural Rituals and Spaces Analyze Your Text When analyzing a piece of written, visual, auditory, or experiential text, there are five common elements that you should include in your essay: 1. An issue that prompts you to take a 2. 3. 4. 5. closer look
Detailed description of the subject you are analyzing Evidence drawn from close examination of the subject Insight gained from your analysis Clear and precise language! Your Evidence is Drawn from Close Examination of the Text Your text is the place/space and the community/culture/subcultures connected to it Examine the subject in detail and determine what are key elements within the Subject. Look for: Key patterns, repetition, imagery, shapes, colors, and any other detail that can
possible help determine the meaning of the analysis. Insight Gained from Evidence Information received from the subject will create a deeper understanding for the analysis and will ultimately lead to the thesis. Clear and Precise Language Explain your analysis points in such a way that the audience can follow along with your findings Present a clear understanding of your analysis Use appropriate language that will best connect you to the particular audience you are writing for.
GIMME A BREAK! Please return in 10-15 minutes. Thinking about Thesis A Successful Project Space: Example Theses! Note how each of these theses connects the place/space to the community in a significant way: The Buddhist Temple of Northridge provides community and religious connection for Sri Lankan Buddhists. The Southern California Renaissance Faire provides both community and livelihood for the Faire Folk subculture of craftsmen, performers, and artists. CSUN campus has become an eco-friendly campus through its
green initiatives program which has encouraged students and faculty to be more eco-conscious. Murals and street art in Boyle-Heights represent Chicano culture in Los Angeles and are an art form and cultural heritage that should be protected. Notice how each one of these examples we have seen before follows a similar format: [ PLACE/SPACE ] provides/represents/or is a place where [SOMETHING EXISTS OR HAPPENS] for [COMMUNITY, CULTURE OR SUBCULTURE] Work on Your Own Thesis Below is an the basic template for our example thesis: [PLACE/SPACE ] provides/represents/or is a place where
[something important exists or happens] for [COMMUNITY, CULTURE OR SUBCULTURE] Or [PLACE/SPACE] is an example of [connection to specific issue] for [COMMUNITY, CULTURE OR SUBCULTURE] You do not have to follow this template exactly. In fact, a good thesis will be more natural and specific to YOUR topic. This is only meant to help you get started. You can change the words or add things to this thesis template to make it your own. Try out several different possible theses (plural Use of Sources in Your Place/Space Analysis Essay
Although outsides sources were not strictly required for your paper (you could write an angle on this paper from personal experience alone) if you DID use outside sources you must cite them How many of you think you might use outside sources? Even if you wont use any outside sources, you better listen up and take notes today, because you will need to know this stuff for the future! More info on conducting research and using quotes to come in Project 3, this is just a basic introduction MLA Format MLA Format is a system for giving credit to the sources that you use, either by
paraphrase or direct quote MLA Formatting has two main parts: 1. A Works Cited page at the end of your essay Your Work Cited page lists every source you used in alphabetical order by the last name of the author. Each works cited entry must contain specific information in a specific order. 2. Parenthetical citations in the body (main text) of your essay. Also known as In-Text Citations After each paraphrase or quote that you did not write or think of yourself, you must indicate which source you are using in order to avoid plagiarism.
MLA In-Text Citations In the body of your paper, wherever you either quote a source or summarize/paraphrase ideas that are not your own, you MUST let your reader know where the information came from. The way to do this is to have a CITATION at the end of the information from your source. Why have citations? 1. To let your readers know where you got ideas that were not your own. 2. To allow your reader to look up your source if they so desire. 3. In writing your paper, you are part of a
community of writers and thinkers, and you want to show the authors of your sources the proper respect. Failing to do this is considered Using Internet Sources Website with author: Peterson, Susan Lynn. The Life of Martin Luther. Susan Lynn Peterson, 2005. Web. 24 Jan. 2009. Website with no author: Margaret Sanger Project. History Dept., New York U, 18 Oct. 2000. Web. 6 Jan. 2009. Website with organization: American Library Association. American Library Association. ALA, 2008. Web. 14 Jan. 2009. Article in an online scholarly journal
Mason, John Edwin. Mannenberg: Notes on the Making of an Icon and Anthem. African Studies Quarterly 9.4 (2007): n.pag. Web. 23 Sept. 2009. Article in an online magazine: Burton, Robert. The Certainty Epidemic. Salon.com. Salon Media Group, 29 Feb. 2008. Web. 18 Jan. 2009. Article in an online newspaper: Smith, Andrew D. Poll: More than 70% of US Workers Use Internet on the Job. Dallasnews.com. Dallas Morning News, 25 Sept. 2008. Web. 29 Oct. 2009. Online video clip (YouTube or Other) Murphy, Beth. Tips for a Good Profile Piece. YouTube. YouTube, 7 Sept. 2008. Web. 19 Apr. 2009.
Guidelines for Correctly Citing Sources: ALWAYS enclose words that are not your own in quotes. ALWAYS make a quote the part of your own sentence. ALWAYS have an author or article name and page number in parentheses after the quote. ALWAYS give credit to authors whose ideas you use, even if you are not quoting them directly. ALWAYS make sure that the quote is sufficiently introduced and in context. Preparing to Write Your
Rough Draft Create an Outline Handy Tips Readers often pay the most attention to the points presented at the beginning of the text. BUT they also remember more easily what they read last. This is why introductions and conclusions are so
important. Think of the outline as your writing plan. Types of Outlines Scratch Chunking Topic and Sentence Outlines How do I develop an outline? First, Think! Determine the purpose of the paper what are your trying to SAY about your place/space?
Determine the audience you are writing for a semi-academic audience of people who are somewhat familiar with your place/space but may not have been there or thought about it carefully. Develop the thesis of your paper If you could compress the main point of your paper into one carefully crafted sentence, what would it be? Then, Get to Work! Brainstorm List all the ideas or points you want to include in your paper. Organize Group related ideas together Order
Arrange material in subsections from general to specific or from abstract to concrete. With a paper on place/space, you can also order your points around location as in a tour of the place, discussing the issues that surround each part of the space as you show it to your audience. This can work well for SOME papers, but not all. Label Create main headings and subheadings. Labeling your paragraphs can help you to FOCUS them.
For the Remainder of Class: Work on creating an outline for your essay You can change or improve this outline when you get home, but do as much as you can now.
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