Roadblocks to Mental Health Wellness

Roadblocks to Mental Health Wellness

Roadblocks to Mental Health Wellness C O U N S E L I N G A N D M E N TA L H E A LT H Copyright 2 Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. These Materials are copyrighted and trademarked as the property of the Texas Education Agency (TEA) and may not be reproduced without the express written permission of TEA, except under the following conditions: 1) Texas public school districts, charter schools, and Education Service Centers may reproduce and use copies of the Materials and Related Materials for the districts and schools educational use without obtaining permission from TEA.

2) Residents of the state of Texas may reproduce and use copies of the Materials and Related Materials for individual personal use only, without obtaining written permission of TEA. 3) Any portion reproduced must be reproduced in its entirety and remain unedited, unaltered and unchanged in any way. 4) No monetary charge can be made for the reproduced materials or any document containing them; however, a reasonable charge to cover only the cost of reproduction and distribution may be charged. Private entities or persons located in Texas that are not Texas public school districts, Texas Education Service Centers, or Texas charter schools or any entity, whether public or private, educational or noneducational, located outside the state of Texas MUST obtain written approval from TEA and will be required to enter into a license agreement that may involve the payment of a licensing fee or a royalty. For information contact: Office of Copyrights, Trademarks, License Agreements, and Royalties, Texas Education Agency, 1701 N. Congress Ave., Austin, TX 78701-1494; phone 512-463-7004; email: [email protected]

Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. What is a Mental Health Disorder? 3 Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Mental Health Disorders 4 Mood disorders: Major depressive disorder

Dysthymic disorder Bipolar disorder Suicide Schizophrenia Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Mental Health Disorders 5 Anxiety disorders: Panic disorder Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder Generalized anxiety disorder Phobias Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Mental Health Disorders 6 Eating disorders: Anorexia nervosa Bulimia nervosa Binge-eating disorder

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Autism Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Mental Health Disorders 7 Personality disorders: Antisocial personality disorder Avoidant personality disorder Borderline personality disorder

Histrionic personality disorder Narcissistic personality disorder Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Somatoform Disorders 8 Types of somatoform disorders: Body dysmorphic disorder Conversion disorder Hypochondriasis (Hypochondria) Pain disorder

Somatization disorder Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Dissociative Disorders 9 Types of dissociative disorders: Dissociative amnesia Dissociative fugue Dissociative identity disorder (Multiple personality disorder)

Depersonalization disorder Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Substance-Related Disorders 10 Major types of substance-related disorders: Alcohol-related disorder Amphetamine-related disorder Cannabis-related disorder Cocaine-related disorder Hallucinogen-related disorder

Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Substance-Related Disorders 11 Major types of substance-related disorders: Nicotine-related disorder Opioid-related disorder Phencyclidine-related disorder Sedative-related disorder Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.

Individuals Affected by Mental Illness 12 According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are approximately four to five hundred million individuals affected by a mental illness. (click on picture) Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.

Global Study Finds Mental Illness Widespread 13 Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Roadblocks to Mental Illness 14 The National Institute of Mental Health says that one in four U.S. adults will suffer from a diagnosable mental illness per year. One in 10 will have a mood disorder

Many will go untreated for many reasons Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Individual Differences 15 Culture Religion Ethnic Education Physical Income

Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Fear and Embarrassment 16 People may be embarrassed to admit they have a problem and are hesitant to get help. They may be concerned that if work finds out,

they could lose their job. People may fear or mistrust the treatment. Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Culture 17 Language barriers- People not speaking English very well may not know where to go for help.

Biased- Some cultures and religions are against seeking mental health treatment. Some countries see mental illness as a weakness or something shameful. Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Dealing with Problem Situations and Behaviors 18 Aggressive behavior

Boundary violations Noncompliance Seclusion Self-destructive behaviors Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Living in Denial 19 It may be difficult for people with mental

illnesses to recognize that they have a problem. If they dont see themselves as being mentally unhealthy, they wont seek out help. Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Finances 20 Treatment can be expensive Managed health care or Medicare/Medicaid

may not cover the treatment Rural areas may not have facilities where patients can get help at reduced rates Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 21 Wellness Recovery Actions Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.

Treatment Modalities 22 Medication Prescribed by psychiatrist Monitored Formulary should contain a range of psychiatric medications

Overall therapy program Emergency services Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Special Units and Inpatient Special housing for more intense treatment Transfer to psychiatric hospital or facility Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Responding to a Mental Health Crisis 24

How to Recognize and Manage the Signs and S ymptoms of Mental Illness (click on link) Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. What Can Be Done? 25 Increase public awareness of illnesses and treatment.

Make treatments appropriate for age, gender, race and culture. Ensure parity in the way services are provided. Provide culturally sensitive mental health care workers. Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. What Can Be Done? 26

Provide communitybased approaches to treatment. Reduce financial barriers to treatment. Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Wellness Recovery Action Planning 27 Mental Health Matters (click on link)

Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Seven Ways to Overcome Your Mental Health Roadblocks 28 Overcoming Your Mental Health Roadblocks (click on link) Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. Questions?

29 Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. References and Resources 30 Images: Microsoft Clip Art: Used with permission from Microsoft. Textbooks: Barry, Patricia D., Mental health and mental illness. Seventh Edition, Lippincott, 2002. Print. Kasschau, R.A. (2002). Understanding psychology. New York: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill School Publishing Co. Websites: Barriers to Mental Health Treatment

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, as many as one in four U.S. adults will suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year. http://www.ehow.com/health/mental-health/mental-illness-treatments/ Center for Mental Health Disparities | University of Louisville Teaches the importance of cultural awareness, knowledge and skill when interacting with racial and ethnic groups in the United States. www.mentalhealthdisparities.org Global Study Finds Mental Illness Widespread Anxiety and depression are common and go untreated. http://www.nbcnews.com/id/5111202/ns/health-mental_health/t/global-study-finds-mental-illness-widespread/#.U18z2PldXT8 Health Central Seven ways to overcome your mental health roadblocks. http://www.healthcentral.com/schizophrenia/cf/slideshows/7-ways-to-overcome-your-mental-health-roadblocks#slide=1

National Institute of Mental Health The Numbers Count: Mental Disorders in America. http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/the-numbers-count-mental-disorders-in-america/index.shtml#Intro / Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. References and Resources 31 Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Understanding Mental Illness. http://www.samhsa.gov/mentalhealth/understanding_mentalillness.aspx World Health Organization Building Back Better: Sustainable Mental Health Care After Emergencies

http://www.who.int/mental_health/emergencies/building_back_better/en Technology: TED talk-Vikram Patel Mental health for all by involving all http://www.ted.com/talks/vikram_patel_mental_health_for_all_by_involving_all.html YouTube: Mental Health Matters Wellness Recovery Action Planning (WRAP) Wellness Recovery Action Planning, or WRAP, is an evidence-based system that is used worldwide by people who are dealing with mental health and other kinds of wellness challenges. It is a unique form of mental health support in that is peer-led and self-directed. http://youtu.be/LdZ4bmwY9G4 Responding to a Mental Health Crisis A valuable teaching aid for individuals, families, communities, law enforcement officials to

recognize and manage the signs and symptoms of mental illness. http://youtu.be/fflQf-T155o Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.

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