Rehabilitating the athlete, not just the injury Adam Gledhill ...

Rehabilitating the athlete, not just the injury Adam Gledhill ...

Rehabilitating the athlete, not just the injury Adam Gledhill Leeds Beckett University @gleds13 Dale Forsdyke York St. John University @forsdyke_dale Plan for today

Identify key psychosocial considerations in sports injury rehabilitation Outline how these factors may impact on the rehabilitation of an injured player Demonstrate ways that these considerations have been adopted within an interdisciplinary support programme in elite sport Why are we here? The scale of the problem

What can a football team expect (adapted from Ekstrand et al., 2011) 50 injuries causing time-loss from play each season (approx. 2 injuries/player) 37% are moderate (absence 1-4 weeks) 16% are severe (>4 weeks) Approx. 12% of the squad unavailable due to injury at any point during the season Fewer injuries major factor in soccer team success (Carling et al. 2014) Over half of injured athletes do not return to their previous level of sport

activity, even less return to competition (Ardern et al. 2014) Physical and psychological recovery may not coincide (Podlog & Eklund, 2007; Wadey & Evans, 2011) Injury main cause of sport career termination (Ristolainen et al. 2012) Scope of today Risk of injury Responses to injury Rehabilitation

Return to competition Retirement from injury Activity What are your experiences? In groups discuss: How do you think football players react to injuries? Currently, how do you deal with injured players? Be as specific as you can

High profile responses to injury Some examples Recovery from injury Perceptions vs. reality Recovery from injury Player blog data: What do you think? Rehab was quite slow at first which I got very frustrated with simple exercises

that I thought I could do easily which turned out I couldnt. But when I was able to do an exercise I felt great inside. Felt like I accomplished something, and in a way I felt proud. Just simply having full extension felt like I just ran a marathon. After 1 week of having him I was doing sports specific rehab, FINALLY touching a ball after 7 months. Oh when you get you first touch of the ball again its a magical feeling. Just feels like Christmas day. I was feeling great at the time like nothing could stop me and it was just getting better by each week. Next Thursday you will be in training but non-contact absolutely buzzing, just what I wanted to hear. I think my injury will always be in the back of my mind but just to be back playing is amazing for me. GET ME ON THAT PITCH!!!!!!!!!!!!

Recovery from injury Examples from practice Use of interviews to monitor responses to injury, with other appropriate measures Emotional Response to Athletic Injury Questionnaire Psychological Responses to Sport Injury Inventory Blogs / use of images (emotional disclosure)

Creating a reflective expert patient Social modelling Use of social media (e.g. Twitter) Fostering rehabilitation Case study of an elite football player Use of interviews to monitor rehabilitation beliefs and adherence Sports Injury Rehabilitation Beliefs Scale Sports Injury Rehabilitation Adherence Scale Goal setting (holistic perspective)

Strategies for maintaining athletic identity Training / match day roles and responsibilities Rehabilitation near team Optimising trainability Psychological skills training Is injury only bad? Positive experiences of injury Personal, psychological, social, and physical growth (Wadey et al. 2014)

Injury as a learning experience Athlete education Coach athlete relationships Overcoming adversity Return to competition How do you know a player is ready to return to competition? In groups discuss: How do you know a player is ready to return to competition?

Who takes ownership of this decision? What do you think the process should be? Return to competition How do you know a player is ready to return to competition? Adapted from Podlog et al. (2015)

Return to competition Case study of an elite football player Responses to injury: ERAIQ and interviews; assessment of social support Athlete education re: injury Physical rehabilitation near team where possible; multimodal PST integrated Social modelling and use of social media Weekly plenary activities Match day roles with first team

Player, coach and support staff updates re: injury progress RTP: Behavioural observations, i-PRRS, RIAI, interviews Post-RTC monitoring Player reflections Case study of an elite football player Its been 9 months since my injury and 7 months since my operation and without the support I get from coaches, staff, players and support I get at home I dont think I would be at this stage today. Especially if I didnt have (sports therapist) and (sport

scientist) not just working on my physical rehab but also the psychological side. Activity Moving forwards In groups discuss: How will you support your players in their return to competition? Consider: How can you enhance the 6Cs and 3Rs of the England DNA

throughout injury response, rehabilitation and return to training / competition?

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