Regents Exam Review Part 1 Political, Economic and Social ...

Regents Exam Review Part 1 Political, Economic and Social ...

Regents Exam Review Part 1 Political, Economic and Social Revolutions 10th grade Global History and Geography

Mr. Schwenebraten 1 Political Revolutions 1. French Revolution 1789 inspiration to later revolutions

2 A.Causes Absolute Monarchy Louis XVI Huge debt = large taxes

3 Social Inequality three social classes (1st, 2nd, 3rd Estates) Percentage of Population by Estate 0.50% 1.50%

1 2 3 98% Inspiration

4 B.Results Limited monarchy Political power shifts to bourgeoisie 5

6 2. Independence movements in Latin America 19th century A. NATIONALISTIC feelings led to new nations Break away from Spain,

Portugal, and France 7 B.Inspiration = American and French Revolutions 8 C.Key figures:

Toussaint LOuverture Simn Bolvar Jos de San Martn 9 10

Reaction against Revolutions 1. Congress of Vienna A.Goal: Restore Europe to preFrench Revolution conditions Contain France, balance of power and legitimacy 11 2. Latin America

A. Power shift from Kings representative to military leaders/wealthy landowners B. Cash crop economies 12 Economic Revolutions

1. Industrial Revolution A.Before a nation can industrialize it must have enough FOOD and CAPITAL 13 B.Why did it begin in

England? Natural resources (coal and iron ore), human resources, and transportation land, labor, capital 14

Industrialize mass production mass distribution

15 C.Mass production = assembly line Each person performs ONE task Problem = BOREDOM 16

E.Results: Increase middle class More social mobility Urbanization Government reforms = correct evils of factories 17

2. Capitalism, Socialism, Communism A. Capitalism private ownership of means of production - PROFIT B. Socialism some government (public) control of business

C. Communism complete government control of business 18 Social Revolutions 1. Karl Marx Communist

Manifesto Dictatorship of the Proletariat 19 A.History is an ongoing conflict between the rich

and the poor 20 B. Industrialization/ Capitalism leads to proletarian revolution Workers of the world, unite.

Conditions only improve when workers are in control and create a classless society 21 2. Adam Smith laissez faire

govt. hands off A.Economic freedom guarantees economic progress 22 3. Social Darwinism A. Survival of the fittest

applied to people, businesses and nations 23

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