Public Speaking: An Audience-Centered Approach - 7th edition

Public Speaking: An Audience-Centered Approach - 7th edition

Public Speaking: An Audience-Centered Approach 7th edition Chapter 1 Speaking With Confidence This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performances or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images;

any rental, lease, or lending of the program. Steven A. Beebe & Susan J. Beebe Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Ill pay more for a persons ability to speak and express

himself than for any other quality he might possess - Charles M. Schwab Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Why Study Public Speaking? Empowerment

Achieves desired goals. Is advantage over competition. Shows confidence. Shows conviction. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Employment

Corporations want skilled speakers: to adapt information, to be organized, and to keep listeners interested. Communication: top skill sought by employers. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009

Public Speaking Differs From Conversation Public Speaking is Planned More practice. More preparation. More research.

Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Public Speaking is Formal Less slang & casual language. More physical distance between speaker and audience. More controlled gestures and

movements. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Speaker & Audience Roles Clearly Defined Expectations well-established.

Behaviors stable. Speaker and audience follow rules more. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 The Communication Process Communication as Action

Linear, one-way messages. Source: encodes message. Message: what is said & how it is said. Channel: how message is transmitted. Receiver: decodes message. Noise: interferes with message . Internal. External.

Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 The Action Model of Communication: Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Communication as Interaction As message is sent, feedback to sender is provided by receiver.

Communication happens within a context: Context: environment/situation in which speech occurs. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Communication as Transaction Communication happens simultaneously.

Sender also receives message. Receiver also sends message. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 The Rich Heritage of Public Speaking 4th Century B.C. The Golden Age of Rhetoric Rhetoric: use of words and symbols to achieve a goal.

Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 15th Century Public speaking used mostly by clergy. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 18th Century Public

speaking used by American patriots to promote independence. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 19th Century Public speaking plays

role in abolition and suffrage movements. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 20th Century

Television becomes a force in public speaking. War & civil rights issues. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 21st Century Technology & media revolutionize how people communicate. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009

Public Speaking & Diversity Different audiences have different expectations. Speakers must adapt to audiences. Audience-centeredness is key. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009

Improving Your Confidence Nervousness is normal. Public speaking number one in highest anxiety. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Understand Your Nervousness

Brain triggers body. Communication apprehension (CA): fear of speaking. Styles of CA: Average: normal heart rate. Insensitive: lower heart rate. Inflexible: higher heart rate. Confrontation: high to normal heart rate. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009

Nervousness Audience cannot see nervousness. Use anxiety to your advantage. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Build Your Confidence

Before your speech: Dont delay preparing. Learn as much as you can about your audience. Pick a comfortable and familiar topic. Rehearse your speech. Present a structured speech. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Other advice Be familiar with introduction and conclusion.

Simulate actual speech conditions. Breathe deeply. Think & act calm. Picture positive outcomes. Reassure yourself mentally (with a pep talk). Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Finally During the speech: Focus on content, not fears. Look for supportive

audience members. After the speech: Reflect on positives. Seek other speaking opportunities. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009

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