Public Speaking: An Audience-Centered Approach - 7th edition
Public Speaking: An Audience-Centered Approach 7th edition Chapter 1 Speaking With Confidence This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performances or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images;
any rental, lease, or lending of the program. Steven A. Beebe & Susan J. Beebe Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Ill pay more for a persons ability to speak and express
himself than for any other quality he might possess - Charles M. Schwab Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Why Study Public Speaking? Empowerment
Achieves desired goals. Is advantage over competition. Shows confidence. Shows conviction. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Employment
Corporations want skilled speakers: to adapt information, to be organized, and to keep listeners interested. Communication: top skill sought by employers. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009
Public Speaking Differs From Conversation Public Speaking is Planned More practice. More preparation. More research.
Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Public Speaking is Formal Less slang & casual language. More physical distance between speaker and audience. More controlled gestures and
Behaviors stable. Speaker and audience follow rules more. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 The Communication Process Communication as Action
Linear, one-way messages. Source: encodes message. Message: what is said & how it is said. Channel: how message is transmitted. Receiver: decodes message. Noise: interferes with message . Internal. External.
Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 The Action Model of Communication: Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Communication as Interaction As message is sent, feedback to sender is provided by receiver.
Communication happens within a context: Context: environment/situation in which speech occurs. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Communication as Transaction Communication happens simultaneously.
Sender also receives message. Receiver also sends message. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 The Rich Heritage of Public Speaking 4th Century B.C. The Golden Age of Rhetoric Rhetoric: use of words and symbols to achieve a goal.
Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 15th Century Public speaking used mostly by clergy. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 18th Century Public
speaking used by American patriots to promote independence. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 19th Century Public speaking plays
role in abolition and suffrage movements. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 20th Century
Television becomes a force in public speaking. War & civil rights issues. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 21st Century Technology & media revolutionize how people communicate. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009
Public Speaking & Diversity Different audiences have different expectations. Speakers must adapt to audiences. Audience-centeredness is key. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009
Improving Your Confidence Nervousness is normal. Public speaking number one in highest anxiety. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Understand Your Nervousness
Brain triggers body. Communication apprehension (CA): fear of speaking. Styles of CA: Average: normal heart rate. Insensitive: lower heart rate. Inflexible: higher heart rate. Confrontation: high to normal heart rate. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009
Nervousness Audience cannot see nervousness. Use anxiety to your advantage. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Build Your Confidence
Before your speech: Dont delay preparing. Learn as much as you can about your audience. Pick a comfortable and familiar topic. Rehearse your speech. Present a structured speech. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Other advice Be familiar with introduction and conclusion.
Simulate actual speech conditions. Breathe deeply. Think & act calm. Picture positive outcomes. Reassure yourself mentally (with a pep talk). Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009 Finally During the speech: Focus on content, not fears. Look for supportive
audience members. After the speech: Reflect on positives. Seek other speaking opportunities. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2009
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Time table Monday (LEC): 13:00-14:30 MRN AUD Thursday (LEC): 08:30-10:00 CBY D207 Important changes: No course on May 28, June 1st and June 4 The course on June 22 will be held in CBY D207 (not MRN AUD) DGD schedule:...
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Latin Words and Phrases Used in English Semper fidelis Always faithful Semper paratus Always prepared Sine qua non Indispensable; a necessity Tempus fugit Time flies Terra firma Solid ground (being sure of oneself) Vade mecum A constant companion (go with...
Sorting Data in a Query. Sorting . is the process of rearranging records in a specified order or sequence. Sometimes you might need to sort data before displaying or printing it to meet a specific request. To sort records, you...
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