Protestant Reformation - Washburn High School

Protestant Reformation - Washburn High School

Warm-Up: Thought Exercise What does the passage say? What words do you know? What would make it easier to understand? Thought Exercise si linguis hominum loquar et angelorum caritatem autem non habeam factus sum velut aes sonans aut cymbalum tinniens et si habuero prophetiam et noverim mysteria omnia et omnem scientiam et habuero omnem fidem ita ut montes transferam caritatem autem non habuero nihil sum et si distribuero in cibos pauperum omnes facultates

meas et si tradidero corpus meum ut ardeam caritatem autem non habuero nihil mihi prodest caritas patiens est benigna est caritas non aemulatur non agit perperam non inflatur non est ambitiosa non quaerit quae sua sunt non inritatur non cogitat malum non gaudet super iniquitatem congaudet autem veritati omnia suffert omnia credit Protestant Reformation Only write what is in Blue Learning Target I can analyze how the Church to lost Power.

The Medieval Church Most of Western Europe is Catholic. There are no denominations of Christianity all Christians are part of the Catholic Church. Latin is the official language of the Church, but many regions have their own languages Middle Ages: SOUL BODY

Problems in the Church Indulgences pardons from sins (for money) Corruption dishonest actions by the people in power Indulgences Pope Leo X Part of the Medici family. Threw parties in the Vatican seen as very corrupt

Setting the Stage Early calls for change were silenced by the Church. Early Ideas for change Bible should have more power than the Pope. Pope shouldnt have worldly power. Humanists supported church reform. They formed opinions opposite of churchs ideas and positions. Causes of the Reformation Social

Economic The Renaissance values of humanism and secularism led people to question the Church. The printing press help to spread ideas critical of the Church. Religious

Political Causes of the Reformation Social The Renaissance values of humanism and secularism led people to question the Church. Economic

Powerful kings challenged the Church as the supreme power in Europe. The printing press help to spread ideas critical of the Church. Many leaders

viewed the pope as a foreign ruler and challenged his authority. Religious Political Causes of the Reformation Social The Renaissance

values of humanism and secularism led people to question the Church. The printing press help to spread ideas critical of the Church. Economic Powerful kings challenged the

Church as the supreme power in Europe. Many leaders viewed the pope as a foreign ruler and challenged his authority. Religious European princes and kings were

jealous of the Churchs wealth. Merchants and others didnt like to pay taxes to the Church. Political Causes of the Reformation Social The Renaissance

values of humanism and secularism led people to question the Church. The printing press help to spread ideas critical of the Church. Economic Powerful kings challenged the

Church as the supreme power in Europe. Many leaders viewed the pope as a foreign ruler and challenged his authority. Religious European princes and kings were

jealous of the Churchs wealth. Merchants and others didnt like to pay taxes to the Church. Political Many people found Church practices such as the sale of indulgences

unacceptable. Some Church leaders become worldly and corrupt. Germany Martin Luther Born in Germany 1483 Studied law, but decided to become a

monk Unhappy with common practices in the Church 95 Theses October of 1517 Luther wrote 95 theses (ideas)

about church practice He nailed his writing to the door of the church Luthers Ideas 1. 2. 3. People could get salvation only by faith in Gods forgiveness. The Church also told people that they needed to do good works to

receive that forgiveness. Church teachings should come directly from the Bible and that the Pope and Church traditions were false authorities. All people were equal before God and therefore they didnt need priest to interpret the Bible for them. Why was Martin Luther successful when similar ideas had failed only 100 years earlier? Role of the Printing Press Luther Excommunicated

Luther is called before the Holy Roman Emperor He refuses to backdown and therefore was found guilty and is ordered captured. Translation of the Bible Luther escapes and spends the next year in hiding translating the Bible from the original Hebrew

and Greek to German. After Luther Others model Luther and challenge Church dominance for many different reasons. New religions are founded in the years following Martin Luther. Ulrich Zwingli - Switzerland John Calvin predestination ideas spread to England, France and the Low Countries John Knox - Switzerland

Henry VIII - England Conflict: Catholic versus Protestant Protest - To express strong objection Fighting between Catholics and Protestants Peace of Augsburg Counter Reformation Council of Trent 1534-1549

The Catholic Church did reform many of its practices that Luther was against. Reforms strengthen spiritual control in several countries like Spain and France. Based on difference, Protestants split into various denominations in the hundreds of years after Luther. Long Term Effects No more Christian Unity in Europe many religious wars Protestant vs. Catholic

Establishment of Religious schools to promote ideas both Protestant and Catholic Power of Catholic Church is never regained and this leads to raise of individual monarchs and countries gaining power. Further questioning in Church teachings (Enlightenment) Middle Ages: SOUL After Luther: SOUL

BODY BODY Brief Timeline 1517 95 Thesis posts ideas on Church door 1521 Edict of Worms excommunicated from church, avoids capture and translates Bible into the German language 1524 Peasants Revolt Peasants revolt against rulers and the social order. They use Luthers ideas. Luther disagrees with the Peasants and supports suppression of them by the

monarchs. 1529-1547 Religious Wars in Germany 1555 Peace of Augsburg (Ends decades of wars. Each prince now could decide the religion of his state allows Lutherans and Catholics to exist in country) Exit Ticket Write Your Name! 1) Why should the Reformation be considered a Revolution?

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