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Massage for Mechanical Neck Disorders Patel et al (2012) Trusted evidence. Informed decisions. Better health. This document is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercialNoDerivatives 4.0 International License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ That means this document can be used and shared as long as IWH is credited as the source, the contents are not modified, and the contents are used for noncommercial purposes. If you wish to modify and/or use the contents for commercial purposes, please contact [email protected] Massage for mechanical neck disorders Patel et al (2013) Overview of the study Objectives To assess the effects of massage on pain, neck-related function, disability, patient satisfaction and global perceived effect in adults with mechanical neck disorders Methods Evidence current up to 4 February 2012 Participants: Adults suffering from acute, sub-acute, or chronic neck disorders* Interventions: Massage Outcomes:

o Primary: Pain relief, neck-related disability and function o Secondary: Patient satisfaction, quality of life, global perceived effect, adverse events, cost *neck pain with/without radiculopathy, including non-specific neck pain of unidentified etiology, whiplash associated disorders, neck pain associated with myofascial pain syndrome, neck pain with degenerative change, and cervicogenic headache Massage for mechanical neck disorders Patel et al (2013) Results & Conclusions 15 trials (810 participants) Interventions Evidence Quality of evidence Uncertain whether massage is more effective than sham therapy or no treatment for pain; certain techniques may be more effective Very low than control/sham in improving function and tenderness. Massage No differences compared to acupuncture or manual therapy on pain and function at

short-term Very low More effective than education on pain relief at short-term but not at intermediate and long term. No differences on function and quality of life Very low Low differences between types of were transient and Adverse events: No most trials did not reportdifferent events or events Very Low massage on pain at short-term minimal The effectiveness of massage for neck pain remains uncertain

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