Présentation PowerPoint - Urba 2000

Présentation PowerPoint - Urba 2000

Dplacements sans-couture Mthodes et outils des systmes dinformation du transport collectif Kasia Boure THNS, 27 novembre 2015 2015 1 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 Un dplacement commence chez soi ? Quel est le trajet optimal? Comment acheter mon titre de transport? Ai-je droit une rduction? Quel en est le prix? O dois-je valider le titre de transport? Quels sont les horaires? Name\Line Grub Street Tin Pan Alle y Sinister Street Swans Way Howards End d d d d a A1 8:02 8:12 8:37 8:45 8:55 Name\Line

Grub Street Tin Pan Alley Sinister Street Swans Way Howards End A1 10:02 10:12 10:37 10:45 10:55 d d d d a A1 8:02 8:12 8:37 8:45 8:55 A1 10:02 10:12 10:37 10:45 10:55 2015 Kasia Boure, KBIC 2 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 Un dplacement qui commence en voiture et se termine en transport public

2015 Kasia Boure, KBIC 3 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 Contexte des travaux: Comit Europen de Normalisation CEN CEN / TC278 groupe inactif modles de donnes et formats dchange information multimodale / WG 3 Transport Public SG 3 SG1 SG 4 Information des usagers Communications bord des vhicules SG 5 SG 6 Architecture fonctionnelle de

systme tarifaire Modle de donnes Transmodel SG 7 Identification des objets fixes pour le TC IFOPT Service Interfaces Real Time Information SIRI SG 9 SG 8 Calculateur de dplacement distribu Network and Timetable Exchange NeTEx 2015 Kasia Boure, KBIC 4 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 Vue schmatique dun systme et les tches du groupe CEN CEN TC278 WG3 labore 3 types de standards ITS Intelligent Transport Systems

Technologies de linformation: sont utilises par les standards du CEN TC278 2015 Kasia Boure, KBIC 5 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 Objectif: assurer linteroprabilit de systmes pour offrir lutilisateur un service continu cest--dire sans coutures Spcifier des systmes interoprables = spcifier des services cohrents partir des composants dun systme techniquement diffrents, dvelopps et grs par des organismes diffrents. Comment spcifier un tel systme? 1. Spcification des changes de donnes interoprabilit syntaxique Outils: formats dchange de donnes, protocoles dchange 2. Possibilit dinterprter automatiquement et prcisment les donnes changes afin de produire une information correcte Spcification du contenu des changes interoprabilit smantique Besoin dun modle commun de rfrence dcrivant la structure des donnes. le contenu des changes ne comporte pas dambigut: ce qui est envoy par un systme / application est bien compris par lautre 2015 Kasia Boure, KBIC 6 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 Deux conditions ncessaires pour linteroprabilit CE qui est chang doit tre spcifi de faon univoque Stratgie Les deux systmes doivent savoir COMMENT changer les donnes

Domaines Stratgie Domaines Applications Structures de donnes Systme 1 Structures de donnes Interoprabilit smantique et syntaxique Systme 2 Modles fonctionnels servent dfinir les limites fonctionnelles des systmes 2015 Kasia Boure, KBIC 7 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 Principaux standards ITS pour lInformation Multimodale Infrastructure Echanges de donnes: messages & protocoles Modles de donnes Traffic Management NeTEx GDF

Geographic Data Files 5.05.1 Exchanges Rseau Horaires Tarifs pour l Information usagers DATEX II changes SIRI donnes temps rel (retard, temps de passage, ) Transmodel GDF Geographic Data Files Rseau routier/ferr, etc Kasia Boure, KBIC PublicTransport 8 Topologie rseau Horaires Graphicage Suivi de lexploitation Information Usagers Gestion des tarifs DATEX : vnements Routiers, Donnes trafic,

Conditions de la voirie etc 2015 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 TransmodelNeTExSIRI: une suite cohrente de standards NeTEx vehicle control & monitoring Historical Management Info. Historical Management Info. SIRI Historical Management Info driver follow-up Historical Management Info 2015 Kasia Boure, KBIC 9 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 Objectifs des changes NeTEx SIRI: exemple de cas dutilisation Localisation de vhicules Systme daide lexploitation

SIRI Systme dinformation usager NeTEx Planification Horaires NeTEx Horaires estims Horaires thoriques (planifis) 2015 Kasia Boure, KBIC 10 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 Utilisation de NeTEx/SIRI pour lInformation Multimodale End users End users request/answer management Systme dinformation Multimodale Planification horaires Gestion arrts Gestion Equipment Gestion Offre

SIG Infrastructure Management Information Statistics Geston tarifs AVMS Equipment Parcours Lignes Arrts Kasia Boure, KBIC Applications Courses Horaires 11 Produits Tarifiare s Data Warehouse 2015 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 Un systme dinformation multimodale ncessite des donnes multi-sources Utilisateur final Gestion des requtes/rponses Applications

Systme dinformation Multimodale SAE NeTEx Points of Points of Points Interest Interest remarquable s Kasia Boure, KBIC Stops Stops Arrts Parcours Journey Lignes Journey Patterns, Patterns,Lines Routes, Routes, Lines SIRI Timing Info Timing Info Timing Info Courses, horaires Stop Stop Equipment Equipement Equipment

Fare Fare Products Produits Products tarifaires 2015 12 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 Avantages de sturcturation modulaire des donnes et changes: continuit des services lors des extensions du systme global Utilisateur final Gestion des requtes/rponses Information Multimodale Gestion arrts Planification horaires Gestion Offre GIS Applications Gestion Equipment Gestion produits ,tarifiai res NeTEx Infrastructure

Equipment Parcours, Lignes Arrts Kasia Boure, KBIC Courses, Horaires 13 Produits tarifiaires 2015 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 Conditions tarifaires N e T E x Ne NeTE TExx N e TE x Autorit 1 N e

T E x NeTEx N e T E x Back Office Tarifs rgion 4 Tarif rgion 5 Tarifs rgion 3 NNee T T EExx NeTEx: topologie horaires tarifs Tarifs rgion 6 Tarifs rgion

2 NeTEx NeTEx Autorit 2 Back Office commun N e T E x Passenger Info System N e T E x N e T E x Tarifs rail longue distance Tarifs rgion 1 N e

T E x N e T E x Produits tarifaires des rgions 1-n Tarifs Rgion n xx TTEE NNee Ex T e N Complexit de la tarification NeTEx N e T E x Prix dplacement A B? 2015 Kasia Boure, KBIC

14 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 Mthodologie (1): Les donnes peuvent tre structures en catgories inter-dpendantes Catgories de donnes Exemples de donnes TEMPS REEL Incidents, perturbations, actions de rgulation, plans de production, disponibilit de loffre de covoiturage, tat des quipements, validation/contrle des titres de transport, etc TARIFICATION Structure tarifaire, produitrs tarifaires, prix, types de titres , etc ASPECTS TEMPORELS Horaires thoriques, courses, services voiture, tableaux de marche, etc ASPECTS SPATIAUX Lieux darrts, lignes, itinraires, Aires de covoiturage, dutropartage, INFRASTRUCTURE Rseau routier, ferr, etc Donnes cartoographiques Inter-dpendance des catgories de donnes 2015 Kasia Boure, KBIC

15 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 Mthodologie (2): Principe fondamental Application utilsateur 1 B utilsateur 2 Application utilsateur 5 A C Application Concept utilsateur 3 Application utilsateur 4 D E Application 2015 Kasia Boure, KBIC 16 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015

Mthodologie (3) : approche base sur un modle de rfrence commun model driven design Modle conceptuel de donnes indpendant du choix de limplmentation CONCEPTUAL MODEL(UML) (Transmodel) Modles physiques de donnes peuvent tre multiples Drivs dun mme modle conceptuel, sont adapts limplmentation choisie NeTEx est driv un modle physique en vue dune implmentation XML Physical Model Physical Model (UML) Physical Model (UML) (UML) For XML ForFor XML XML Implmentation Drive du modle physique: IMPLEMENTATION IMPLEMENTATION (XML) IMPLEMENTATION (XML) (XML) Pour NeTEx: Schema XML 2015

Kasia Boure, KBIC 17 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 Un cadre de travail pour des actions futures Dveloppement de standards nouveaux Dveloppement de standards dimplmentation (profils) Harmonisations de standards Commission Architecture de systmes interoprables Europenne Urban ITS Commission Implementation Decision Information Multimodale Gestion du Trafic Gestion du Fret Urban ITS Prestudy groupe de 11 experts projets recommandations projets 2015 Kasia Boure, KBIC 18 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 http:// netex-cen.eu http://transmodel-cen.eu http://kasia.bouree.fr 2015 Kasia Boure, KBIC

19 Caractrisitques de Transmodel What is it ? European Norm specifying the information semantics of several Public Transport functional areas 1. Network Topology Definiton: routes, lines, stops (using IFOPT standard), 2. Timetable Planning: run times, journeys 3. Vehicle Scheduling: vehicle services, 4. Operations Monitoring and Control: daily production plans, control actions triggers and consequences 5.Fare Management: access rights/fare products definition, control, validation, sales 6. Passenger Information: general/specific information based on scheduled/or realtime data 7. Driver Management: driver schedules, rostering, driving personnel disposition 8. Management Information: raw data dedicated to statistics and indicators Development 19901997:Transmodel V4.1.1 2001: Transmodel v5.1 (published 2006) Participants France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, UK, Spain, Sweden, EU projects Current status? Transmodel V6 (update) : Parts 1-2-3: passed public enquiry stage (2015) 2015 Kasia Boure, KBIC 20 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 Caractrisitques de NeTEx: Network-Timetable-Fare Exchange What is it ? New CEN standard for XML Public Transport data exchange for Passenger Information (network- timetables -fares) Approach: Model Driven Design Transmodel UML (model of the structure of data exchange messages)

Physical UML (for an XML implementation) XML implementation Who were the active participants? Austria, Germany, France, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Sweden, Slovenia, ERA/UIC, UK Inputs CEN: Transmodel, IFOPT (stop model) National: VDV 452, TransXChange, NEPTUNE, UIC ++ Deliverables CEN specification document (TS), Part 1: Network, Part 2: Timetables, Part 3: Fares (2014/15) NeTEx XML schema as reusable packages XML Examples National Mapping tables 2015 Kasia Boure, KBIC 21 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 Une modlisation base sur les droits daccs et non sur des prix Exemples Paramtres de prix et rductions 2015 Kasia Boure, KBIC 22 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015 Transmodel Lyon Stop Point Management

Scheduling Schedule Assignment, Budget Management (vehicle+driver) TITAN Data Base Transmodel Data Access System Passenger information (telematic and telephone servers, displays) On-line Control System Production follow-up Personnel Disposition, Payroll 2015 Kasia Boure, KBIC 23 THNS - Paris, 27/11/2015

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