Blending Blending Elements of two input spaces are

Blending  Blending  Elements of two input spaces are

Blending Blending Elements of two input spaces are projected into a third space, the blend, which contains elements of both, but is distinct from either one Non-linguistic blending Faces seen as combinations of parents features Unicorns, satyrs, etc. Wire crossing experiences Blending Blending Linguistic blending Linguistic expression evokes two domains, refers to

something new Traditional blends Chocoholic, cranapple, Monicagate, frenemies Brunch, motel, nectarine, smog Metaphor They constructed this theory from the ground up Youre wasting my time Blending Blending

Linguistic blending Grammatical/constructional blends 1. As far as his political views are concerned, its best not to say anything 2. As for his political views, its best not to say anything 3. As far as his political views, its best not to say anything 1. She sneezed 2. She knocked the napkin off the table 3. She sneezed the napkin off the table Blending

Grammatical blends Example: What are you craving for? What constructions seem to be blended in this example? Blending What are you craving for? What are you hungry for? What are you craving?

Blending Grammatical blends Middle voice examples Subject is acted upon 1. The piano plays beautifully 2. The car drives good/well 3. The soup eats like a meal Blending The piano plays beautifully 1. She plays the piano beautifully

2. The piano sounds beautiful Blending Blends can be thought of as both: Unconscious, unintentional, accidental Conscious, intentional, creative Blending

Unconscious, unintentional, accidental Non-linguistic examples Wire crossing combined motor routines Linguistic examples

Potentially + possibly posstentially Lapsi linguae Dear old queen Queer old dean Blending Conscious, intentional, creative Non-linguistic examples

Using familiar motor routine for novel task Wax on/wax off Linguistic examples Frenemies She sneezed the napkin off the table Blending

Blendingoperates on two Input mental spaces to yield a third space, the blend. The blend inherits partial structure from the input spaces and has emergent structure of its own (Fauconnier) Mental spaces Conceptual packets constructed as we think and talk, for purposes of local understanding and action (Fauconnier & Turner)

Sets of activated neuronal assemblies Mappings/interconnection between spaces corresponds to coactivation of a certain kind Blending Input spaces background conceptions necessary for building up or understanding blend Blended space a mental space which combines elements of input spaces

Generic space common ground between inputs Cross-space mapping links between elements in the input and blended spaces Blending Person you Interact with Friend

shared activities affection generic input1 enemy Dislike avoid input2 frenemy dislike

shared activities blend Blending Sources of emergent structure: Composition: juxtaposition of inputs creates new relations.

Completion: knowledge of background frames allows composite structure to be viewed as part of a larger selfcontained structure in the blend. Elaboration: running the blend using blended space to solve problems Blending Monk Problem: A Buddhist monk begins at dawn one day walking up a mountain, reaches the top at sunset, meditates at the top for several days until one dawn when he begins to walk back to the foot of the mountain, which he reaches at sunset. Making no assumptions

about his starting or stopping or about his pace during the trips, prove that there is a place on the path which he occupies at the same hour of the day on the two separate journeys. (Koestler 1964): Blending Blending Input 1 Input 2 blend

Blending The boat race example: In 1993 a catamaran, Great America II, sailed from San Francisco to Boston taking the same route followed in 1853 by the clipper, Northern Light. Blending At this point, Great America II is 4.5 days ahead of Northern Light. NL

1853 Time t Loc X 1993 NL t + 4.5 Loc Y GA Time t Loc Y

NL GA Time t Blending Im getting ahead of myself. a

Physical ahead relationship b Input 1 Scheduled t c s a

t a s = space, t = time a Input 2 Actual Blending

If Bill Clinton were the Titanic, the iceberg would sink. T Political Opponents iceberg BC opponents BC

Blending In France, Watergate would not have harmed Nixon. Nation generic President, laws Violate-->harm US generic Burglary law US Violated --> harm specific

President, laws France Violate-->no harm generic President, burglary law Violated --> no harm

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Object Oriented Practices Bill Wagner | Software Consultant

    Object Oriented Practices Bill Wagner | Software Consultant

    On this slide, introduce each of the later modules. Explain that each of them are one of the design tools that you can use to create your designs.
  • Title with Background Master, Arial 24 pt

    Title with Background Master, Arial 24 pt

    While in the tractor, the driver should perform the following air brake checks: static air loss (less than 3 PSI per minute for combination vehicles.) pressurized air loss (less than 4 PSI per minute for combination vehicles) low air warning...
  • LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY - Electric Reliability Council of Texas

    LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY - Electric Reliability Council of Texas

    LRGV History. The Lower Rio Grande Valley (LRGV) has a long history of reliability and resilience issues as a load center on the edge of the ERCOT system away from major resources with limited transmission capability.. Many . transmission improvements...
  • Monitoring Arbitrary Threshold Functions over Distributed Streams

    Monitoring Arbitrary Threshold Functions over Distributed Streams

    Performance Analysis Performance Analysis (continued) Upper Bounds on Probability of Constraint Violation Tiered Sensor Networks Network comprised of two types of sensors, Macro-Nodes and Motes Motes: Simple, inexpensive sensing units Based on 8-bit processors Monitoring Sensor Networks (1) A spanning...
  • www.davisworldstudies.com

    www.davisworldstudies.com

    -Another group rose up named the LRA (Lord's Resistance Army) and Uganda has been battling them for 18 years. The LRA's intentions are to control Uganda. Their leader Joseph Kony abducts Ugandan children to make the boys into soldiers and...
  • History of Fairy Tales Ancient Fairy Tales Egypt

    History of Fairy Tales Ancient Fairy Tales Egypt

    Brothers Grimm Vs. Disney Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs The Queen: Brothers Grimm is Snow Whites Mother. Is Step-Mother in Disney Version. The Dwarfs: Brothers Grimm they have no names. They each have a name in Disney. Queens Death:...
  • Welcome to the University of Cincinnatis Women in

    Welcome to the University of Cincinnatis Women in

    % Faculty Satisfied or Very Satisfied Non-TT Women Advice for career_x000d_planning Annual performance_x000d_reviews that_x000d_help career_x000d_advancement Balancing_x000d_responsibilities_x000d_at work and home Peer_x000d_support Quality of_x000d_supervision_x000d_from head_x000d_or chair
  • History and Alternate Views of Macroeconomics and The Modern ...

    History and Alternate Views of Macroeconomics and The Modern ...

    History and Alternate Views of Macroeconomics and The Modern Macroeconomic Consensus. Lesson 36. Sections 35, 36. Classical Macroeconomics (35) Money and Price Level. Classical economists claim that increasing the money supply has no effect on output, and only increased prices...