ACT High School CPR Program Promoting health and empowering youth to save lives Welcome to CPR ! ! ! Brought to you by: Your teacher Your school Your community
The ACT Foundation (Advanced Coronary Treatment Foundation) What is the ACT Foundation? ACT Fundraises for mannequins for schools. Brings CPR to all schools. Is partnered nationally with research-based pharmaceutical companies who support ACTs Canada-wide goal for CPR in schools:
AstraZeneca Bristol-Myers Squibb Canada Pfizer Canada sanofi-aventis Visit ACT! www.actfoundation.ca Why Do I Need To Learn CPR? The first link in the Chain of Survival*
begins with YOU! * Reproduced with the permission of the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, 2005. The Chain of Survival is a trade-mark of the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada. See page 3, Student Manual Visit ACT! www.actfoundation.ca R E
S C U E S Ela saved her mothers life when she had a heart attack. Ross (left) saved Arnies life when
he had a cardiac arrest. Suzy saved her brothers life when he was choking. Kevin saved his fathers life when he was choking. What youre going to learn The 4 Rs
Risk Recognize React Resuscitate See page 3, Student Manual But first. The Heart and When it Breaks
What is a Heart Attack? The death segment of heart muscle caused by the loss of blood supply. (Loss/lack of oxygen to the heart.) Heart Lungs Spine See page 4, Student Manual
The Heart and When it Breaks What is Cardiac Arrest? A sudden, sometimes temporary, cessation of function of the heart What is CPR? Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation What is Defibrillation?
Administering a controlled electric shock to allow restoration of the normal heart rhythm See pages 4-5, Student Manual And What is a Stroke?
A stroke occurs when the blood supply to your brain is interrupted or reduced. This deprives your brain of oxygen and nutrients, which can cause your brain cells to die. What is Angina? Chest pain or discomfort that occurs in an area of your heart muscle when it does not receive enough oxygen
See page 5, Student Manual And now, the 4 Rs RISK FACTORS RISK FACTORS Smoking Leading cause of heart disease in Canada Causes lung cancer
Second-hand air pollution Stinky breath Copyright Province of British Columbia. All rights reserved. Reprinted with permission of the Province of British Columbia. www.ipp.gov.bc.ca See page 6, Student Manual RISK FACTORS Anatomy of a Cigarette
Image courtesy of Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. RISK FACTORS High Blood Cholesterol Too much cholesterol can cause heart disease or stroke Means lots of fat in the blood Some fat is produced by the body; other fat comes from food
What you can do: Eat vegetables, fruits & grain products; reduce fat in diet; exercise! See page 6, Student Manual RISK FACTORS High Blood Pressure Can damage your heart and blood vessels Increases chances of a heart attack or stroke Heart has to work harder Some causes: hereditary,
diet, stress Get it checked regularly! Blood pressure cuff See page 6, Student Manual RISK FACTORS Diabetes Affects the level of sugar and fat in your blood
Eat properly, follow doctors instructions See page 6, Student Manual RISK FACTORS Obesity and Lack of Exercise Obesity: Heart has to pump harder all the time to move blood around Exercise: Your heart is a muscle - it works better if you keep fit & active!
See page 6-7, Student Manual RISK FACTORS Stress Affects the body in very physical ways Stress over a long period of time can cause body to break down
Heart problems may result See page 7, Student Manual RISK FACTORS Summary Smoking High Blood Cholesterol High Blood Pressure Diabetes
Obesity / Lack of Exercise Stress See page 6-7, Student Manual The 4 Rs RISK FACTORS RECOGNIZE Recognize Signals of a Heart Attack 5 Ps
Pain Pale skin Puffing Pooped Puking See page 8, Student Manual Recognize Signals of a Stroke
ke? o r t S a t Suspec g: n
i k s a Try u C an y o Smile? h arms? ot Raise b imple
as Speak c e? sen te n Paralysis of the face, arm or leg Weakness, numbness, or tingling in the face, arm or leg Dizziness Sudden headache
See page 8, Student Manual The 4 Rs RISK FACTORS RECOGNIZE REACT REACT Hazards and Holler !! CALL 9-1-1
e l t t i l and a PLT Position
Loosen clothing Talk, reassure See page 9, Student Manual REACT Be Visible with Information Medications Allergies Flash em!
See page 9, Student Manual The 4 Rs RISK FACTORS RECOGNIZE REACT RESUSCITATE RESUSCITATE
As simple as ABC & D! Airway Breathing Circulation Defibrillation See page 10, Student Manual RESUSCITATE One Rescuer CPR Adult
Step 1. Check for hazards Step 2. Assess responsiveness Step 3. Call 9-1-1 See page 11, Student Manual RESUSCITATE One Rescuer CPR Adult Step 4. Open the airway Step 5. Check for breathing
See page 11, Student Manual RESUSCITATE One Rescuer CPR Adult Step 6. Give 2 breaths if the person is not breathing normally See page 12, Student Manual
RESUSCITATE One Rescuer CPR Adult Step 7. Landmark for chest compressions Step 8. Give 30 compressions and 2 breaths See page 12-13, Student Manual RESUSCITATE Remember: 30 and 2
30 and 2 30 and 2 is what you do. Rock em till someone can SHOCK EM! See page 13, Student Manual RESUSCITATE Choking Adult Conscious Step 1. Assess the airway blockage
Step 2. Holler for help See page 14, Student Manual RESUSCITATE Choking Adult Conscious Step 3. Give abdominal thrusts Step 4. Repeat abdominal thrusts See page 14, Student Manual
RESUSCITATE Choking If the Choking Person Becomes Unconscious Step 1. Call 9-1-1 Step 2. Open the mouth and look for the obstruction See page 15, Student Manual
RESUSCITATE Choking If the Choking Person Becomes Unconscious Step 3. Open the airway Step 4. Try to give a breath See page 15, Student Manual RESUSCITATE Choking If the Choking Person
Becomes Unconscious Step 5. If the chest does not rise, landmark and give 30 chest compressions See page 15, Student Manual RESUSCITATE Choking If the Choking Person Becomes Unconscious Step 6. Open the mouth and look for the
obstruction Step 7. Repeat sequence of chest compressions See page 15, Student Manual RESUSCITATE Choking Adult Found Unconscious Step 1. Check for hazards Step 2. Assess responsiveness
Step 3. Call 9-1-1 See page 15-16, Student Manual RESUSCITATE Choking Adult Found Unconscious Step 4. Open the airway Step 5. Check for breathing See page 16, Student Manual
RESUSCITATE Choking Adult Found Unconscious Step 6. Try to give a breath Step 7. Landmark and give 30 chest compressions Step 8. Open the mouth and look for the obstruction See page 16, Student Manual
RESUSCITATE Choking Adult Found Unconscious Step 9. Repeat sequence of chest compressions Recovery Position: See page 16, Student Manual LIFESAVER AWARDS PROGRAM
RESCUES Rescued someone? Know someone who has? TELL US! 1-800-465-9111 [email protected] www.actfoundation.ca CLOSING NOTES Over 1 million youth across Canada
have been trained in CPR through the ACT High School CPR Program. You are part of something big VERY big!
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