SPILL PREVENTION, CONTROL & COUNTERMEASURE (SPCC) TRAINING TEMPLATE
SPILL PREVENTION, CONTROL & COUNTERMEASURE (SPCC) TRAINING TEMPLATE for University of Wisconsin Revised: May 2017 campuses COURSE INTRODUCTION Welcome to the UWSA Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasure (SPCC) training presentation, which is intended for use by University of Wisconsin campuses as a template and to be supplemented with facility-specific information. This training will orient you to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) SPCC
rule, which applies to certain facilities storing oil products. All oil-handling personnel must receive at least annual training to respond properly to spills in their work areas. COURSE INTRODUCTION This training course discusses the applicability of the SPCC rule and the details you should be aware of, including information on: Regulatory overview Facility sources Spill prevention and control Spill countermeasures Spill reporting Inspections and recordkeeping
You also need to be familiar with the SPCC plan written for your facility. Your facilitys SPCC plan documents facility-specific information you should be aware of and contains the training and inspection forms you will be learning more about. Please reference your facilitys SPCC plan as you proceed. REGULATORY OVERVIEW What is the SPCC Rule? The Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasure (SPCC) rule is part of the federal Oil Pollution Prevention regulations (40 CFR 112) issued under the Clean Water Act, which aim to prevent the discharge of oil in harmful quantities into or upon the navigable waters or adjoining shorelines of the United States. An SPCC plan as required under these regulations should be used as a reference for proper oil storage, as a tool for spill
prevention, as a guide for facility inspections and tank testing, and as a resource during emergency response to control, contain and clean up an oil release. REGULATORY OVERVIEW Applicability Under the Clean Water Act, facilities require an SPCC plan if they meet the following conditions: Aboveground oil storage capacity of more than 1,320 gallons in all containers 55 gallons or greater in volume; or Underground oil storage capacity of more than 42,000 gallons; and There is reasonable potential for a release to reach waters of the U.S.
Waters of the U.S. include conveyances to water such as storm drains, dry ditches, wetlands, mudflats and sandflats. REGULATORY OVERVIEW Applicability Storage volumes are based on container capacity, and only containers and oil-filled equipment 55-gallons or greater in volume are counted. For example, 5-gallon containers, 30-gallon containers and containers that are permanently closed are not counted toward the total volume of oil in regards to an
SPCC plan. REGULATORY OVERVIEW Applicability Oil is defined by the Clean Water Act as oil of any kind or in any form including, but not limited to, petroleum, fuel oil, sludge, oil refuse and oil mixed with wastes other than dredged spoil and oily mixtures. Under the SPCC rule, this definition encompasses: Petroleum and non-petroleum based oils Crude oil Refined products Animal fats, oils and greases Vegetable oils Examples: crop oil, diesel fuel, gasoline, hydraulic oil, synthetic oils and vegetable oils from crops.
Milk and milk product containers are now exempt from the SPCC capacity calculations and rule requirements. REGULATORY OVERVIEW Written SPCC Plan Requirements The SPCC plan is certified by a registered Professional Engineer and must be maintained on site at your facility. The SPCC plan written for your facility covers the following mandatory information:
Facility and operation description Certification and approval Reportable spill record Description of petroleum and other hazardous materials Location and description of storage tanks, containers and equipment Potential release scenarios and spill control materials Facility drainage Inspections
Security Personnel training Notification and reporting FACILITY SOURCES Please refer to your facilitys SPCC Plan for a complete list of oil storage and location maps at your UW campus. [Insert photos and descriptions of oil storage sources at specific campus or facility here.] SPILL PREVENTION & CONTROL
Secondary Containment All oil sources listed in your facilitys SPCC plan are required to be designed with appropriate containment and/or diversionary structures to prevent the most likely discharge anticipated. Common examples of secondary containment include: Double-wall tank construction Concrete containment berms Spill pallets for portable drums Nearby sorbent materials/spill kits Oil/water separators Self-contained concrete-floored rooms SPILL PREVENTION & CONTROL Oil Transfer Activities
Oil transfers at your facility may include filling, emptying, dispensing or transferring oil from tanks and containers. During oil transfer activities, facility personnel should follow control measures to prevent discharges, such as: Overseeing major oil loading/unloading activities Temporarily covering nearby drains with magnetic covers Using wheel chocks/similar barriers to prevent movement of transfer vehicles Requesting tanker trucks be equipped with overflow shut-off valves Inspecting oil transfer vehicles for leaks before and after loading/unloading Requiring direct audible communication between person dispensing from tanker truck and person filling receiving tank or container Using funnel or pump when adding or removing smaller quantities of oil to tanks, containers, or filling oil-filled electrical equipment reservoirs Use of the Fuel Transfer Checklist in your facility SPCC plan is recommended
for oil transfers conducted by outside vendors. The Notice to Petroleum Vendors/Employees should be posted prominently in key fuel transfer areas. SPILL COUNTERMEASURES When should I respond to a oil release? Much of an SPCC plan deals with preventing spills. However, if a release does occur, when should you respond and when should you call authorities? If your job description includes cleanup of small spills AND you have been properly trained by your supervisor/employer, then go ahead and clean it up using information in your facilitys SPCC plan and this training course. All spills must be cleaned up. However, you are not required to respond to catastrophic releases. If a drum or tank becomes punctured, you would most likely
evacuate the area and call for professional assistance. SPILL COUNTERMEASURES Oil Spill Release Criteria Incidental (Minor) Discharge An incidental discharge is defined as one that poses no significant harm or threat to human health or the environment. Incidental discharges are generally those where: The discharge is small (e.g., less than 20 gallons) The discharge can be easily contained The discharge is unlikely to reach a navigable waterway, storm sewer or sanitary drain Clean-up procedures do not pose a health or safety hazard
Proper response equipment is available for a safe cleanup Response by facility personnel may be possible for the above types of discharges SPILL COUNTERMEASURES Oil Spill Release Criteria Non-incidental (Major) Discharge A non-incidental discharge is defined as one that cannot be safely controlled or cleaned up by facility personnel, such as when: The discharge is large enough to spread beyond the immediate area The discharge cannot be contained The discharge may reach a navigable waterway, storm sewer or sanitary drain
The discharge requires special equipment or training to clean up There is danger of fire or explosion The above discharges require response by the Fire Department call 911. SPILL COUNTERMEASURES Oil Spill Release Response Steps Incidental (Minor) Discharge 1) Secure the site 2) Control and contain the spill 3) Notify the Facility Emergency Coordinator 4) Clean up the spill 5) Complete the Spill Incident Report
form Refer to your facilitys SPCC plan for more detail, including notification information and reporting forms. SPILL COUNTERMEASURES Oil Spill Release Response Steps Non-incidental (Major) Discharge 1) Secure the site 2) Contact the Facility Emergency Coordinator 3) Contact the Fire Department 4) Complete the Spill Incident Report form 5) Control and contain the spill 6) Clean up the spill (by or as directed by Fire
Department or by an outside contractor) Refer to your facilitys SPCC plan for more detail, including notification information and reporting forms. SPILL COUNTERMEASURES Spill Response Materials Granular Absorbents and Spill Pads Granular absorbents can be poured on incidental drips and around small spills to stop the spill from spreading and facilitate cleanup. Spill pads can be used to absorb
oil from incidental drips and small spills on impervious surfaces. SPILL COUNTERMEASURES Spill Response Materials Drain Covers & Blockers A sock like the one shown here can be placed around spills to protect trench or floor drains. Temporary drain covers can also be used to cover floor drains in the event of a spill. Socks and other oil-only absorbent spill response materials should be kept inside spill kits. Protecting floor drains is critical since it means the difference between a controlled spill and a spill that is beyond your control (and perhaps
into the environment). SPILL COUNTERMEASURES Spill Response Materials Spill Kits This is an example of a weatherproof spill kit. There are absorbent pads, booms and socks inside the barrel, as well as temporary drain covers. Kits like these should be placed near oil storage tanks, drums and oilcontaining equipment. SPILL REPORTING Certain spills must be reported to both internal personnel
and external agencies (federal, state or local agencies). Should a reportable release of oil or hazardous materials to the environment occur from your facility, the appropriate agencies must be contacted immediately. In the event of a spill, the employee discovering the release shall immediately consult the response procedures within the SPCC plan to make the appropriate notifications. Please review the Oil Spill Notification Procedures section of your facilitys SPCC plan. An example is given on the next slide. SPILL REPORTING An example of oil spill notification procedures outlined in an SPCC plan is shown here.
In addition to the notifications specified in your facility SPCC plan, your safety department needs to be notified of any spills. [Insert EH&S/Safety phone number here.] SPILL REPORTING Wisconsin Spill Reporting Requirements Spills must be reported to the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR) if: One gallon or more of a flammable liquid (e.g., gasoline) is discharged onto an unpaved surface Five gallons or more of a combustible liquid (e.g.,
diesel) is discharged onto an unpaved surface Discharge threatens public health, welfare or the environment Discharge produces a sheen on water and/or threatens navigable waters Wisconsin Spill Reporting Hotline: (800) 943-0003 INSPECTIONS & RECORDKEEPING As part of the SPCC rule, your facility is required to inspect equipment to ensure that it is well maintained. This is performed as a spill prevention measure. Visual inspection of tanks and piping, dispensing equipment and tank support structures should be conducted on an as-used basis. Formal, documented
inspections of oil storage containers and equipment are to be conducted monthly and annually. Checklists for documenting these inspections are included in the appendix of your facilitys SPCC plan. Any discrepancies noted during the inspections must be corrected or identified to appropriate personnel. Repairs should be recorded on the Tank and Container Repair Record form, which is also located in the appendix of your facilitys SPCC plan. INSPECTIONS & RECORDKEEPING Monthly inspections should include checking: Storage areas for signs of debris that may block access
Storage areas for unlabeled or outdated containers Tanks, containers and associated piping for evidence of leakage or spillage Tanks and containers for water or oil in the tank interstice or secondary containment An example of a monthly inspection checklist is shown here. INSPECTIONS & RECORDKEEPING Annual inspections should include checking:
Secondary containment for evidence of damage Tank foundation and support structures for signs of settlement, corrosion or damage Tank container exterior coatings, normal and emergency vents for needed cleaning or maintenance Tank or container liquid level and overfill prevention sensing devices Spill kits for replacement/ replenishment of spill response materials An example of an annual inspection
checklist is shown here. INSPECTIONS & RECORDKEEPING Record Retention EPA requires facilities to maintain SPCC records for no less than three years. Per University of Wisconsin policy, facilities are required to retain all records that have been stored with a facilitys SPCC plan including: SPCC training records Inspection forms Spill incident reports and reporting logs Tank and container repair records Oil spill disposal records
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES UWSA Spill and SPCC Information: www.wisconsin.edu/ehs/environmental/spil l-prevention-control-and-countermeasure Small Oil Spill Cleanup Demonstration VIDEO: www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_ embedded&v=rKmS8VfNNgQ Questions? Contact your SPCC plan Facility Emergency
Coordinator for specific facility information. Contact the UWSA Senior Environmental Health Specialist for general SPCC information: www.wisconsin.edu/ehs
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