Standardized Templates Improve Accessibility & Usability Enhancing Transfer
Standardized Templates Improve Accessibility & Usability Enhancing Transfer of Learning Macarena Aspillaga, Ph.D. Course Designer QM Coordinator Norfolk State University Importance of Standardization Provides consistency to documents & screen How does standardization help students? Provides one set of rules Provides mental models
Decreases frustration Organizes content Increases enrollment Decreases frustration How does standardization help faculty? Provides standard templates & tools-based on QM Reduces work time How its it related to Accessibility? Perceivable Understandable Operable Robust
Navigational Design (S.8.1) Created different templates Modules Units Grouped according to Functionality (S 8.1) Course Content Access & Interaction Assessment & Resources All templates have Content Items
Assessment Items Tools Advantages of Standardized Templates Provides organizational structureForm mental patterns Course Provides reliability, allowing to Learn rules only once (S 8.1) Make predictions on where
things are located (S 8.1) Make inferences as to what path to take when searching Helps St with disabilities to learn the menu structure (S 8.1; 8.3; 8.4) Content Access & Interaction Assessment & Resources
Standardized Templates Allows you to ease nav. by grouping content into (S.8.1) Topics Lessons Develop objectives according to topics & lessons Present your content as a integrated unit or module Allow students review prior topics or lessons Each lesson is a complete package; includes its own Introduction Objectives Readings
Activities Assessments Template Design Sections (content items) have their own Standardized Icons (S 8.1; 8.3) Students can relate with section icons Ease the search Direct attention Help Navigation Design by Keeping it Consistent Never alter menu structure Never modify section icons Never modify section titles
Standardization Creates Schemas, which Aids (S 8.1; 8.3) Navigation Memory Storage & Search Clear Navigation Navigation should be intuitive (S 8.1) Self-Evident No conflict when selecting menu items No more that 3 clicks Effects of Inconsistency What if all classes look different?
St on class # 3 would NOT know how to reach the instructor St on classes # 1 & # 3 would NOT know where to look for announcements Class 1 Class 2 Class 3 Effects of Inconsistency (Contd.) If I go from one class to another class
Is Lectures the same as Course information? OR is Course information the same as Content? Is Lesson Resources same as St. Resources? Class 1 Class 2 Class 3 Effects of Standardized Templates How do standardized templates affect students? Step 1
Allow schema acquisition Step 2 Schema activation keeps out Step 3 non-essential components Decreases St cognitive load How do s. templates help faculty? Provides a framework delivery Reduces development time Step 1
Step 2 Step 3 Schema Creation How does standardization affect others situations? Creates schemas through standardized symbols Activates schema How does it helps people in various other contexts? Provides urgent information in seconds Recalls an entire process through images Reduces processing time
Schema Utilization How Schema creation helps us in our daily life? Lessens the amount of info needed to remember Activates schema & thought processes How does it helps people in various other contexts? Provides important information in seconds Recalls an entire process through images Reduces processing time Schema Generalization
Schemas are involved in procedures like driving Dashboard elements Speedometer Fuel What if you suddenly got this? Do you know how fast you are going? Do you know if you need to refuel? How could you make decisions? Templates & Standardization Templates allow you to standardize courses by
Being consistent and clear in your presentation (S 8.4) Assisting in the search Placing materials on the same location Introduction of Topic Content Instruction Lesson Objectives Required Reading Templates & QM Standards Templates allow you to standardize courses by Following Quality Matters standards 1, 2, & 8. Grouping content according to type of material
Introduction (Addresses QM sections 1, 2, 6, 7, & 8.) Course Orientation Intro. to Course Purpose and Structure (QM Standard 1.2) Course Objectives Prerequisites (QM Standard 2.1) Video University Resources (QM sections 6, 7, and 8.) Technical Resources (QM sections 6 and 7.) Standardization & Readability (S8.4)
Standardized courses Allows you to have a consistent presentation NON-essential content make it consistent and less prominent Make your course readable (S8.4) Allow St to focus on content Makes content clear & understandable Makes courses accessible to a wider population (S8.3) Add scripts Make sure videos have accurate CC Readability & Accessibility (S8.4)
Standardized patterns Allows you to have a consistent look and feel Makes your text clear (S 8.4) What is extraneous to content make consistent Making your course readable & Varied (S 8.3; 8.4) Content clear & more understandable (S 8.4) Courses accessible to a diverse population (S 8.3) St can focus on the content Standardizing Courses (S 8.4) To standardize your courses
Select a consistent font, style, & size, for all your titles, subtitles, as well as content The font should provide students information regarding Importance Relevance of the content For online text use Sanserif (e.g. Arial, Franklin G.) NEVER use decorative fonts (e.g., fancy, fonts, Good Luck) ReadabilityFonts (S 8.4)
Caps Vs. Lowercase The combination of upper and lower case facilitates learning through their specific word shape Word shapes increases readability and minimizes involuntary pauses. Avoid ALL CAPS, they interfere with ease of reading Word shape made by ascenders and descenders
Loss of word shape when written in uppercase ReadabilityUse of Space (S 8.4) Space makes text more readable Highlight information by adding extra space around important components Separate ideas into groups by adding space Enough space to seem connected Excessive space reduces sense of belonging Location of information (S 8.4)
Always assign the same space within the screen for important messages Students will learn where to look for essential material Keep location consistent throughout your course Readability Use of Color (S 8.4) How to use color Use 1 color font throughout entire course Select same color & font style for importance
Have a 2nd attribute to match colored fonts Highlighting only important words or ideas Overusing color: More detrimental at aiming for students attention NEVER highlight more than 2 separate words or ideas on the same page NEVER color-code w/o having a 2nd way to indicate relevance of color Accessibility (S 8.3; 8.4) 1 in 12 men (8%) and 1 in 200 women have a color deficiency Information indicated in Color must also
be available without color There should be 2nd attribute for any color-coded information Imagine you have a St. with normal vision and 1 St. with Tritanopia (c). Your directions say Select the Green Card Accessibility Compliant (S.8.3; 8.4) To make courses available for ALL users, means Courses are accessible to ALL audiences Having ADA 508 compliant courses Making your courses accessible for all audiences
Some St. will use readers to see your pictures Add alternative (ALT) Text to pictures Add audio to your presentations Think of those who cannot read, see, hear, or type What do your activities need to have to open that door? How would need to present your material? Documents on Accessibility (S.8.3; 8.4)
How to check your Word Documents for accessibility Open the Doc. Select file, Info (Check for issues) Documents on Accessibility (S.8.3; 8.4) For more information on how to correct accessibility, For reviewing whether your documents or courses are compliant you can go to the 508 Compliance Resource, a web site that provides tips and information: http://www.508compliantresource.com/ It will help you check your PDFs Documents
Audio Word Documents Wrap-Up (S. Templates) Allow you to form & activate Schemas Reduce processing timeLearn Rules once Reduce Cognitive Load Nonessential content is standard Same look & feel for all courses Make your course readable and accessible Check docs, videos, & websites for accessibility
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