Focus: As the Mughal Empire in India declined,

 Focus:  As the Mughal Empire in India declined,

Focus: As the Mughal Empire in India declined, Britain seized Indian territory and soon controlled the entire subcontinent. Important Terms: Sepoy Do Now: Identify three similarities between Hinduism and Buddhism Before Colonization: The Mughal Empire

In the Mughal Empire (15261757), Muslims were favored over the majority Hindus. Decline of the Mughals began with religious conflict between Muslims and Hindus and resulted in infighting and a divided empire. Muslims were the majority in the Northwest (modern Pakistan) and Northeast (modern Bangladesh). Many cities and some villages were

mixed. End of Mughal Rule 1600s, the British East India Company (BEIC) established trading posts at Bombay (Mumbai), Madras (Chennai), and Calcutta. At first, Indias ruling Mughal Empire kept European traders under control, but already weakened by civil war and misrule few, Indians wished to defend it. By 1707, however, the Mughal Empire was collapsing. Dozens of small states, each headed by a ruler or maharajah, broke away from Mughal control. British Imperialism in India

British Imperialism The Sun never sets on the British Empire Britain had established colonies all around the world India was one of their most important Called the jewel of the crown

British East India Company Established to control trade between India and Britain (1600) Company established trading rights in India during the Mughal Empire British East India Company

Mughal Empire was in decline Early 1700s States began to break away from Mughal rule East India Company gained control of large parts of India British East India

Company Company ran India without interference from Britain Established its own army Led by British officers Used Indian soldiers known as Sepoys British East India Company British tried to force changes on India

Brought western education Tried to end caste system Banned Hindu custom of sati Practice of Hindu widows throwing themselves on husbands funeral pyre Christian missionaries tried to spread religion Indians saw this as an attack on Hinduism and their culture Points of Discussion

Why was the British East India Company formed? How did the company gain control of India? How did the British try to change India? Focus: One of the first examples of European imperialism in Asia, the British rule over India changed Indian politics, economics, and society and led to the rise of Indian nationalism. Important Terms:

Raj Do Now: What was the name of the Indian soldiers who fought for the British East India Company? Sepoy Mutiny British officers angered Sepoys by demanding they follow rules that go against their religious beliefs (1857) Were required to bite off bullet cartridges

covered in pork and beef fat Cows sacred to Hindus Muslims not allowed to eat pork Sepoy Mutiny British punished Sepoys who refused to load rifles Hindus and Muslims revolted against the British in 1857 Both sides committed atrocities against each

other British crushed the rebellion in 1858 Led to feelings of distrust between Indians and British British govt rules India directly Britain ended the rule of the

British East India Company Impact of the Sepoy Mutiny Atrocities committed by both sides The British Raj

Raj refers to the period of British direct rule in India Indian Civil Service Government agency that carried the British administration of India Positives of British Rule

Negatives of British Rule New roads and Railroads link India Telegraph and Postal systems unite people in India Irrigation systems improve farming New laws mean justice for all people Exposure to western education Customs that

threatened Human rights ended Indian resources are removed from India and sent to Britain Indians forced to buy British made goods instead of local made products Farms grow cash crops rather than food crops Indians are treated as inferior British try to replace

Indian culture with western culture Points of Discussion Identify one long term result of the Sepoy Mutiny Identify one positive impact of British Imperialism on India? Identify one negative effect of imperialism on India ? Focus: Ruling India gave the British great political and financial rewards, as well as national pride.

For many Indians, British rule was a source of frustration and humiliation. Important Terms: Self Rule, westernization Do Now: What was one of the primary effects of the Sepoy Mutiny? Positives of British Rule Negatives of British Rule

New roads and Railroads link India Telegraph and Postal systems unite people in India Irrigation systems improve farming New laws mean justice for all people Exposure to western education Customs that threatened Human rights ended

Indian resources are removed from India and sent to Britain Indians forced to buy British made goods instead of local made products Farms grow cash crops rather than food crops Indians are treated as inferior British try to replace Indian culture with western culture

Indian Nationalism The British rule of India during the Raj contributed to the growth of Indian nationalism Desire for self rule among Indians Indians felt they were treated as

2nd class citizens Barred from top jobs in Indian Civil Service Rise of Nationalis m in India Paid less than British workers Wanted more of a say in

government Indian Nationalism Ram Mohun Roy Believed Indians had to change in order to be free from western control Change some traditional practices Sati, rigid caste structure, arranged marriages Called for India to

modernize and westernize writings contributed to growth of nationalism Hindu Growth of Indian Nationalis m Indian Nationa l

Congres s (1885) Muslim League (1906) Muslim Desire for Self Rule

Became leaders of Indian Independenc e Indian Nationalism The Indian National Congress (1885) Primarily made up of Hindus Pushed for self rule Boycotted British goods to protest division of Bengal

by religion Swadeshi boycott Wore only traditional Indian clothing Indian Nationalism The Muslim League Formed to protect the interest of Muslims in India Called for self rule

Points of Discussion Identify one positive impact of British Imperialism on India? Identify one negative effect of imperialism on India ? Identify two Indian nationalistic movements that developed in the British Raj

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