Trauma Informed Care & Effective Screening Christine Heyen,

Trauma Informed Care & Effective Screening Christine Heyen,

Trauma Informed Care & Effective Screening Christine Heyen, MA Crime Victims Services Division Oregon Department of Justice Association of Public Health Nursing Supervisors Annual Conference May 9, 2012 Imagine a place that Asks What happened to you? instead of

What is wrong with you? Understands past trauma can be triggered by experiences in the present Is committed to supporting people as they heal Leaves a person feeling edified What is trauma? Trauma is an event that is extremely upsetting and at least temporarily overwhelms internal resources. Briere, J. (2006). Dissociative symptoms and trauma exposure:

Specificity, affect dysregulation, and posttraumatic stress. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 194, 78-82. What is Trauma? It can be a single event More often than not it is multiple events over time (complex, prolonged trauma) An interpersonal violence or violation, especially at the hands of an authority/trust figure is especially damaging What does trauma do to us?

Chronic trauma interferes with neurobiological development and the capacity to integrate sensory, emotional and cognitive information into a cohesive whole. Developmental trauma sets the stage for unfocused responses to Bessel A. van der Kolk , MD ev_Trauma_Disorder.pdf ACE Study Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE)

Study Traditional Approach vs. Trauma Theory Traditional approach You are sick You are bad You are sick and bad Trauma theory You are not sick or bad You are injured Trauma Informed Care (TIC)

Trauma-Informed Care is a strengths-based framework that is grounded in an understanding of and responsiveness to the impact of trauma, that emphasizes physical, psychological, and emotional safety for both providers and survivors to rebuild a sense of control and empowerment. (Hopper et al, 2010) Trauma-informed organizations, programs, and services are based on an understanding of the vulnerabilities or triggers of trauma survivors that traditional service delivery approaches may exacerbate, so that these services and programs can be more supportive and avoid re-traumatization. (SAMHAS) What does TIC offer?

Improves our desired outcomes Supports trauma recovery by Reducing re-traumatization Providing corrective emotional experience Decreases our own vicarious trauma or compassion fatigue Core Principles of TIC Awareness: Everyone knows the role of trauma Safety: Ensuring physical and emotional safety Trustworthiness: Maximizing trustworthiness,

making tasks clear, and maintaining appropriate boundaries Choice: Respect and prioritize consumer choice and control Collaboration: Maximizing collaboration and sharing of power with consumers Empowerment: Prioritizing consumer empowerment and skill-building TIC Communication Style Transactional Focus on information exchange

Transactional with Social Talk Mostly information exchange with some social talk (e.g. joking, comment on weather) Interactional Focus on rapport-building and interpersonal relationship integrated with the information exchange https:// html Tips for Practicing TIC Use language the person recognizes

Has your partner messed with your birth control? Meet the survivor where they are If a person is not ready to talk, do not force the conversation. Rather keep the door open for a later time. Consider the persons cultural context Avoid making assumptions just ask! Tips for Practicing TIC Recognize adaptive behaviors serve a purpose

Why is a person chronically miss morning appointments? Is the morning the only time she can sleep? Does she have a traumatic brain injury that prevents her from remembering things? Make adjustments to help that person succeed. Set appointment times for the afternoon. Include everyone in your agency From receptionist to treatment staff Provide trauma training to every employee How do we provide TIC? Listen

What is the survivor saying to you? What is the survivor not saying? How is the survivor saying it? Inform What information do you have that may help her? What will happen next in the process? Why is the information important for her to have? How can your services can help her?

How do we provide TIC? To the best of your ability and within your given time constraints: Lose the labels Let her tell her story Give her time and space to tell her story Let the survivor lead Respect her voice and choice Recognize the survivors comfort level Consider the survivors perspective from her cultural context Quick & Easy

Offer support and validation Communicate care and concern Avoid passing judgement Ask questions of the survivor Find out if she is experiencing some kind of violence or coercion in her life Listen to what she has to say Resist interrupting her Make sure your body language is receptive Offer information and assistance Give her a resource card, a phone number, or a website

Refer her to an advocate (warm hand-off) Tell her you are available to her in the future Resources Trauma and Trauma Informed Care Trauma Informed Care PowerPoint presentation by Mandy A. Davis, LCSW, Portland State University nformed_care_presentation_outline.pdf

Futures Without Violence Resources Supporting health needs of women in shelter: Exploring traumatic brain injury and reproductive coercion https:// Violence and reproductive coercion: Assessment strategies

for pregnant women, and client feedback to inform what works https:// The 6th Biennial National Conference on Health and Domestic Violence (March 29-31, 2012) https://

Resources Community Connections Creating Cultures of Trauma Informed Care or.html Trauma-Informed Organizational Toolkit Trauma-Informed Care; Best Practices and Protocols

for Ohios Domestic Violence Programs Creating Cultures of Trauma-Informed Care; A Self- Assessment and Planning Protocol Resources Trauma-Informed Care - PowerPoint http:// Shelter from the Storm: Trauma Informed Care in

Homelessness Services Settings - Article Adverse Childhood Experience Study Community Re-Traumatization - Article http:// TIZATION.pdf Contact Information

Christine Heyen, MA Oregon Department of Justice Crime Victims Services Division 1162 Court Street NE Salem, OR 97301 (503) 378-5303 [email protected]

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Investments - California State University, Northridge

    Investments - California State University, Northridge

    Diversification of the Market Financial Hedging Financial Hedging is distinct from operational hedging Financial Hedging involves use of derivative securities such as currency swaps, futures, forwards, currency options Discuss the three types of exchange rate exposure Define economic/operating exposure to...
  • Paul Plummer, Chief Executive, RDG and ATOC UK

    Paul Plummer, Chief Executive, RDG and ATOC UK

    Rail Settlement Plan. Allocating and settling . £10bn of revenue a year. National Rail Enquiries. Improving information on train times, fares, reservations and disruption. Rail Staff Travel. Running concessionary travel schemes for 400,000 current and retired employees on behalf of...
  • B1 Revision PowerPoint

    B1 Revision PowerPoint

    Once the B-Cell has recognized the foreign cell they reproduce to make identical cells that respond in the same way. They remain in the blood in order to respond to future reactions (memory cells). When infected again they respond rapidly....
  • Time Management - Fun With English

    Time Management - Fun With English

    The key to time management is knowing ourselves, as we can't actually "manage" time; all we can manage is our own behavior. What is it exactly ? Time management is a set of principles, practices, skills, tools, and systems working...
  • Géneros Literarios

    Géneros Literarios

    Arial Arial Black Calibri Tempus Sans ITC Plantilla de diseño de átomo azul 1_Plantilla de diseño de átomo azul Dibujo de Microsoft Visio Géneros Literarios Los Géneros Literarios Diapositiva 3 Diapositiva 4 Género Lírico Diapositiva 6 Diapositiva 7 Diapositiva 8...
  • Dia 1

    Dia 1

    Maar hoe kom je hier effectief over in gesprek en waar praat je dan over? Vaststellen wat voor de organisatie, nu en over 5 jaar, de belangrijkste uitdagingen zijn. Deze thema's vertalen naar voor die functiegroep herkenbare werksituaties en bijbehorend...
  • 4. Shelter Cluster PowerPoint Template (2007 and later)

    4. Shelter Cluster PowerPoint Template (2007 and later)

    Fixing to poles together in right angel. Timber. Bamboo. ... a small stone is folded up in the tarpaulin the rope is tied behind it. ... Plastic sheeting: Main themes. Tarpaulin, by itself, is not a solution for construction on...
  • Before You Begin: Assign Information Classification - ISO

    Before You Begin: Assign Information Classification - ISO

    In Clause 8.1 ISO 9001:2008 there was a requirement for planning. This is replaced with identifying what needs monitoring and measuring, and the methods to be used. Clause 9.1.3. There are specific requirements for analysis and evaluation when using results...