Imperialism Be able to define the following: Imperialism
Imperialism Be able to define the following: Imperialism Capitalism Nationalism -& Recognize differences between the 3 Causes of Imperialism Queen Victoria 1. Imperialism When a strong nation dominates other countries socially, economically & politically Conquering foreign lands Example: US gunboat diplomacy in Japan
Issue: How is the relationship btw the US & Japan an example of Imperialism? 2. Capitalism Economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit Individual ownership of business & property, geared towards profit Issue: What are 2 positive features & 2 negative features of Capitalism? 3. Nationalism The belief that people should be loyal mainly to their nation.
A sense of identity & unity with the people in your country. Issue: Is Nationalism necessary for a healthy nation? How can Nationalism be a problem? The Age of Imperialism, 1850-1914 Causes Nationalism To gain power, European nations compete for colonies and trade. Economic Competition Demand for raw
materials and new markets spurs a search for colonies. Missionary Spirit Europeans believe they must spread their Christian teachings to the world. Imperialism Europeans exerted influence over the economic, political, and social lives of people they
colonized. Causes of Imperialism S Population growth; new knowledge (technology) P Competition between govt in Europe; spheres of influence I New Weapons; Need for bases C Racial Superiority; White Mans Burden E Raw Materials, new markets for goods The Age of Imperialism, 1850-1914
Effects Colonization Imperialism Europeans exerted influence over the economic, political, and social lives of people they colonized. Europeans control land and people in areas of Africa, Asia, and Latin
America. Colonial Economics Europeans control trade in the colonies and set up dependent cash-crop economies. Christianization Christianity is spread to Africa, India, and Asia. Effects of Imperialism S Continued population growth for Europeans; race implies social class
P British Empire (largest ever); European govt ideals spread; I Wars for land/resources; C Spread of European culture, art, language E European wealth; dependent nations suffer Why Imperialism? Empire Building Economics Political and Military
Interests Power British and Authority Dominance called the Victorian Era after Queen Victoria who ruled for 64 years Textbook reading Read pgs. 542-543 Answer the following question in your notebook: In what way did the Dutch control of Java
provide a model for pre-19th century imperial advancements? the Sun Never Sets on the British Empire. What does this quote mean? Imperialis m or Nationalis m? Decide whether the picture depicts imperialism or nationalism and
tell why you chose as you did. Principles of Effective Occupation Policies 1). Must announce to other European nations the protectorate status of regions 2). Must prevent rebellions in the region 3). Must show a profit from ownership 4). Must have some treaty/agreement with local leader/leaders. Forces Causing European Imperialism: Africa & India European
technological superiority Steamboats Automatic machine gun Locomotive Telegraph Europeans had the means to control their empires Easy travel Wide spread communication African and Indian disunity Huge variety of cultures Fighting among cultures
Huge business interests and support from companies British in India British East India company controlled much of India using sepoys Sepoys Native Hindu or Muslim soldiers trained by British Battle of Plassey (1757) Nawab (50,000 troops) vs. Britain & Sepoys (3000 troops) Crops:
opium poppies for sale in China and cotton and tea for sale in the rest of the British empire Cotton textile making outlawed in India The Raj (British Rule) was so profitable, it was called the Jewel in the Crown The Raj and the Rebellion (1818-1857) British raj wanted to remake India through. Administrative and social reform Economic development Introduction of new technology British policy in India: create powerful and efficient system of govt. disarm warriors turn them to civilian tasks
give freer rein to Christian missionaries substitute private property for complex overlapping patterns of landholding British promoted western-influenced traditions (tea, sports, Christmas) Women, subordinate Hindu castes, untouchables & poor did not benefit in British reforms Raj = more jobs and drove Indians out of handicraft textile British Imperialism and Empire
The Sepoy Mutiny/Rebellion May 1857 Muskets offended Hindus b/c they were greased with animal fat Grew to rebellion by Hindu sepoys (Muslim sepoys, peasants, and discontented elites joined) Rebellion ended in March 1858 The British established full control of India and its neighbors by 1914
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j6FA_3zuMuc&list=PLjSL 7t_ukV9wMq43gKI4edVE-Yhqv9j0h The British controlled Questions Directions: For the following questions, answer each question in complete sentences. Provide examples for your answers. Also, do not simply copy words from the powerpoint. Instead, utilize the powerpoint as a source of study and write the answers in your own words.
1. How did European imperialism improve peoples lives? 2. How did European imperialism harm peoples lives? 3. What is an example of economic imperialism? 4. What is the most successful imperialist nation during this period? What allowed them to be so successful (be specific)? 5. What does the term Sphere of Influence mean? Where & How does America have a Sphere of Influence today? 6. Explain the Sepoy Rebellion & how it led to Britain gaining direct control of India 7. Why did the Chinese restrict trade with Europe to one city? 8. What is the term for British Rule in India? 9. How did the Industrial Revolution give Europeans an edge over other cultures? 10. Why did European Nations Scramble for Africa in the 19 th century?
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