An Invitation to the OLD T E S

An Invitation to the OLD T E S

An Invitation to the OLD T E S TA M E N T An Overview of Jesus Bible Jason S. DeRouchie, PhD Professor of Old Testament and Biblical Theology Bethlehem College & Seminary www.jasonderouchie.com Jesus KINGDOM Mission

Jesus and his early followers were convinced that Moses and the rest of the prophets wrote about Christ and should be believed. John 5:39, 46. You search the Scriptures because you think that in them you have eternal life; and wit is they that bear witness about me. 46For if you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote of me. 47But if you do not believe his writings, how will you believe my words? Luke 24:2526. O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! 26 Was it not necessary that the Christ should suffer these

things and enter into his glory? John 1:45. We have found him of whom Moses in the Law and also the prophets wrote, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus was fulfilling all that the Old Testament anticipated. Matthew 5:17. Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish but to fulfill. Luke 24:44. These are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you, that everything

written about me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled. Acts 3:18. What God foretold by the mouth of all the prophets, that his Christ would suffer, he thus fulfilled. 2 Cor 1:20. For all the promises of God find their Yes in him. That is why we utter our Amen to God for his glory. Jesus mission of fulfillment was about Gods kingdom. Luke 4:43. I must preach the good news of the kingdom of God to the other towns as

well, for I was sent for this purpose. Acts 1:3. He presented himself alive to them after his suffering by many proofs, appearing to them during forty days and speaking about the kingdom of God. Gods kingdom: Gods reign over Gods people in Gods land. God rules, saves, and satisfies through Jesus. Jesus kingdom message focused on his work as Messiah and the global mission springing from it. Luke 24:4447. the he said to them, these

are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you, that everything written about me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled. 45 Then he opened their minds to understand the Scriptures, 46 and he said to them, Thus it is written, that the Christ should suffer and on the third day rise from the dead, 47 and that repentance and forgiveness of sins should be proclaimed in his name to all nations, beginning from Jerusalem. Like Jesus, Pauls preaching was

about the kingdom of God climaxing in Christ. Acts 20:25, 31. And now behold, I know that none of you among whom I have gone about proclaiming the kingdom will see my face again. . . . 31 Be alert, remembering that for three years I did not cease night or day to admonish everyone with tears. Acts 28:23. From morning till evening he expounded to them, testifying to the kingdom of God and trying to convince them about Jesus both from the Law of

Moses and from the Prophets. Like Jesus, Pauls kingdom message focused on the Messiahs death and resurrection and the global mission that would grow from it. Acts 26:2223. I stand here testifying both to small and great, saying nothing but what the prophets and Moses said would come to pass: 23 that the Christ must suffer and that, by being the first to rise from the dead, he would proclaim light

both to our people and to the Gentiles. POP QUIZ POP QUIZ 1. From your reading, what does the acronym KINGDOM stand for? 2. From your reading, what single statement captures the Bibles frame, form, focus, and fulcrum? Gods KINGDOM Plan in Scripture

OLD TESTAMENT FOUNDATION K I N G D NEW TESTAMENT FULFILLMENT

O M Gods KINGDOM Plan in Scripture OLD TESTAMENT FOUNDATION K I N

G D NEW TESTAMENT FULFILLMENT O M Kickoff & rebellion Gods KINGDOM Plan in Scripture

OLD TESTAMENT FOUNDATION K I N G D NEW TESTAMENT

FULFILLMENT O M Kickoff & rebellion Instrument of blessing Gods KINGDOM Plan in Scripture K I

OLD TESTAMENT FOUNDATION N G D NEW TESTAMENT FULFILLMENT O

M Kickoff & rebellion Instrument of blessing Nation redeemed & commissioned Gods KINGDOM Plan in Scripture K I OLD TESTAMENT

FOUNDATION N G D NEW TESTAMENT FULFILLMENT O M

Kickoff & rebellion Instrument of blessing Nation redeemed & commissioned Government in the land Gods KINGDOM Plan in Scripture K I

OLD TESTAMENT FOUNDATION NEW TESTAMENT FULFILLMENT Kickoff & rebellion G Instrument of

blessing Nation redeemed & commissioned Government in the land D Dispersion & return N O

M Gods KINGDOM Plan in Scripture K I OLD TESTAMENT FOUNDATION NEW TESTAMENT FULFILLMENT

Kickoff & rebellion G Instrument of blessing Nation redeemed & commissioned Government in the land D

Dispersion & return N O Overlap of the ages M Gods KINGDOM Plan in Scripture K I OLD TESTAMENT

FOUNDATION NEW TESTAMENT FULFILLMENT Kickoff & rebellion G Instrument of blessing

Nation redeemed & commissioned Government in the land D Dispersion & return N O Overlap of the ages M Mission accomplished

Gods KINGDOM Plan in Scripture K I OLD TESTAMENT FOUNDATION NEW TESTAMENT FULFILLMENT

Kickoff & rebellion G Instrument of blessing Nation redeemed & commissioned Government in the land D

Dispersion & return N O Overlap of the ages M Mission accomplished The Bibles Frame, Form, Focus, & Fulcrum

Rapid-Fire Q&A (15 min) Gods KINGDOM Plan in Scripture Gods KINGDOM Plan in Scripture Gods KINGDOM Plan in Scripture Gods KINGDOM Plan in Scripture

Gods KINGDOM Plan in Scripture Gods KINGDOM Plan in Scripture Gods KINGDOM Plan in Scripture The Overlap of the Ages in Salvation History Gods KINGDOM Plan in Scripture The OT is foundation; the NT fulfillment The OT anticipated Christ

Rom 1:14 John 5:39 1 Pet 1:1012 Matt 13:17 John 8:56 Jesus fulfills all OT anticipations Matt 5:1718 Matt 11:1314 Acts 13:3233 Old Covenant Structure Law

Prophets (Establishe d) Writings (Enforced) Former Latter

(Enjoyed) Former Latter Genesis Joshua Jeremiah

Ruth Daniel Exodus Judges Ezekiel Psalms Esther

Leviticus 12 Samuel Isaiah Job EzraNehemiah Numbers

12 Kings The Twelve Proverbs 12 Chronicles Deuteronom y Ecclesiastes

Song of Songs Lamentation Why Do We Call It the Old Testament? The Bibles nature as covenantal revelation Covenant? Why Do We Call It the Old Testament? The Bibles nature as covenantal

revelation Covenant? An elected relationship of obligation established under oath. 5 key covenants that shape Scriptures plot line? Adamic/Noahic Abrahamic Mosaic Davidic New The covenant triangle in salvation history

God People Land The covenant triangle in salvation history Adamic/Noahic covenant Yahweh God

Humanity Expanding Eden/Earth The covenant triangle in salvation history Abrahamic covenant Yahweh God Offspring of Promise All Nations

Promised Land Whole Earth The covenant triangle in salvation history Mosaic covenant Yahweh God National Israel All Nations Promised Land

Whole Earth The covenant triangle in salvation history New (creation) covenant Triune God Believing Jew & Gentile New Earth Why Do We Call It the

Old Testament? 10 Reasons Why Old Does Not Mean Unimportant: The OT was Jesus only Scripture and makes us three-fourths (75%) of our Bible. The OT substantially influences our understanding of key biblical teachings. We meet the same God in both Testaments. The OT announces the very good news/gospel we enjoy. Both the old and new covenants call for love, and we can learn much about love from the OT.

Jesus came not to destroy the Law and the Prophets but to fulfill them. Jesus said that all the OT points to him. Failing to declare the whole counsel of God can put us in danger before the Lord. The NT authors stressed that God gave the OT for Christians. Paul commands church leaders to preach the OT. Rapid-Fire Q&A

(15 min) The Bibles historical grounding God has spoken through human authors (2 Tim 3:16; 2 Pet 1:21) Special revelation within a specific historical-geographical context Ethnicity Language Culture and worldview Historical scope Egypt (30001200 BC)

Israel (1010930 BC) Assyria (870626 BC) Babylon (626539 BC) Persia (539323 BC) Israel as the Land Between Ezek 5:56 Gen 12:3 Exod 19:56 Deut 4:58 Ezek 36:23

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